Disease Conditions Ch 8 Test

Gingivitis that is not treated may lead to

plaque
periodontitis
discoloration of the teeth
impacted molars

periodontitis
Pain and limitation of the movement of the jaw with tinnitus as a result of inflammation of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) is characteristic of

TMJ syndrome
gingivitis
periodontitis
dental caries

TMJ syndrome
Oral thrush, a fungal infection that produces sore patches in the mouth and throat, may be the result of

leukoplakia.
plaque.
prolonged antibiotic therapy.
all of the above

prolonged antibiotic therapy.
The treatment of oral leukoplakia is

the application of a brace.
tooth extraction.
root canal.
finding or correcting the source of irritation.

finding or correcting the source of irritation.
The diagnostic evaluation for peptic ulcers might include

endoscopy and biopsy of the lesion.
patient history.
upper GI barium series and the study of gastric contents and stool for evidence of bleeding.
all of the above.

all of the above.
Agents that may damage the gastric lining and cause gastritis include

medications (Ex. NSAIDSs), poisons, alcohol, and infectious diseases.
mechanical injury.
allergic reaction or irritation from foods.
all of the above.

all of the above.
The primary treatment of gastric cancer may include

control of symptoms by using Valsalva’s maneuver.
antibiotic therapy, bland diet, and anti-inflammatory drugs.
gastric resection usually followed by chemoradiotherapy.
none of the above.

gastric resection usually followed by chemoradiotherapy.
Abdominal discomfort with maximum tenderness of the abdomen at McBurney’s point, nausea, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, or constipation are clinical signs of

hiatel hernia.
gastric cancer.
gastritis.
appendicitis.

appendicitis.
Hiatel hernia can be caused by

swallowing a foreign body.
a weakness that develops in the diaphragm.
lack of dietary bulk.
all of the above.

a weakness that develops in the diaphragm.
A fairly common chronic inflammatory disease of the alimentary canal involving all layers of the bowel, which causes chronic diarrhea, is

acute gastritis.
hiatel hernia.
Crohn’s disease.
diverticulosis.

Crohn’s disease.
“Traveler’s diarrhea,” a common syndrome of gastroenteritis, is usually caused by

ingestion of food or water contaminated with bacteria.
a virus.
a drug reaction.
an allergic reaction.

ingestion of food or water contaminated with bacteria.
Mechanical obstruction of the bowel can result from

ileus or a paralytic condition of the small bowel.
the use of broad spectrum antibiotics.
neoplasm, fecal impaction, volvulus, or intussusception.
none of the above.

neoplasm, fecal impaction, volvulus, or intussusception.
A condition in which out-pouches of the mucosa penetrate weak points in the muscular layer of the large intestine is called

hiatel hernia.
peritonitis.
diverticulitis.
diverticulosis.

diverticulosis
The earliest signs of colorectal cancer are

often vague and nonspecific.
obvious and easy to detect in most cases.
an intestinal obstruction, intestinal rupture, and peritonitis.
all of the above.

often vague and nonspecific.
Pseudomembranous enterocolitis is related to

inflammation of the peritoneum.
short bowel syndrome.
use of broad spectrum antibiotics.

use of broad spectrum antibiotics.
Inflammation, infection, or irritation of the large serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and folds over the visceral organs is called

peritonitis.
esophagitis.
appendicitis.
diverticulitis.

peritonitis.
Which of the following statements is true about cirrhosis of the liver?

It is a chronic but reversible degeneration of the liver.
The disease is usually idiopathic.
The symptoms are all related to digestion.
None of the above statements are true.

None of the above statements are true.
Viral hepatitis A is usually transmitted by

the fecal oral route.
contaminated food, water, and stools.
poor hygiene.
all of the above.

all of the above.
Cancer of the liver is

usually a primary cancer.
usually a secondary cancer.
likely to have a good prognosis.
likely to be discovered early.

usually a secondary cancer.
Cholelithiasis, which causes obstruction of bile ducts, causes the patient to experience

colicky pain, rectal bleeding, hobnail liver.
no symptoms at all.
colicky pain over McBurney’s point.
biliary colic, with radiating pain, and jaundice.

biliary colic, with radiating pain, and jaundice.
Inflammation of the gallbladder commonly associated with gallstones is called

pancreatitis.
cholecystitis.
cholelithiasis.
hepatitis.

cholecystitis.
Signs and symptoms of malnutrition can result from

eating too much or too little.
a malabsorption syndrome.
a case involving seveer burns or other severe trauma.
all of the above.

all of the above.
A disease of the small intestine characterized by malabsorption, gluten intolerance. and damage to the lining of the intestine is called

short bowel syndrome.
diverticulitis.
Crohn’s disease.
celiac sprue.

celiac sprue.
The disease linked to a psychologic distrubance in which hunger is denied by self-imposed starvation is

anorexia nervosa.
bulimia.
malabsorption syndrome.
volvulus.

anorexia nervosa.
The most serious complications of bulimia and anorexia nervosa include

loss of weight.
denial and anger.
electrolyte imbalance and cardiac irregularities.
a morbid fear of being fat.

electrolyte imbalance and cardiac irregularities.
Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true about hepatitis C?

It is consdered a widespread epidemic.
The source of infection is usually known.
Complete recovery of the liver is rare.
Health care workers are not considered at risk.

It is consdered a widespread epidemic.
The treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) includes

a light evening meal four hours before bedtime and elevation of the bed about 6 inches.
the use of H2-receptor antagonist or a proton pump inhibitor.
both of the above.
none of the above.

both of the above.
The casual factor(s) of peptic ulcers is (are)

Helicobactor pylori infection.
NSAIDs.
stress.
all of the above.

all of the above.
The management of peptic ulcers may necessitate

rest, changes in diet, adjustments of lifestyle, and drug therapy.
the use of an ulcerogenic drug and surgical intervention.
increased physical activity.
all of the above.

rest, changes in diet, adjustments of lifestyle, and drug therapy.
The causes of pancreatitis

Clostridium difficile.
alcoholism, trauma, and infection.
biliary tract disease, structural anomalies, and drugs.
both B and C.

both B and C.
Crohn’s disesae is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory disorder of the alimentary canal

in which all layers of the bowel are edematous and inflamed.
whose cause is easily identified.
that is considered medically curable.
that usually has no complications.

in which all layers of the bowel are edematous and inflamed.
Intestinal obstruction can be

mechanical.
functional.
partial or complete.
all of the above.

all of the above.
Patient teaching for patients with colorectal cancer would include

avoiding discussion of the side effects of treatment so as not to frighten the patient.
limiting the patient’s time to ask questions so that he or she does not become anxious.
informing the patient that family members have increased risk and should undergo screeening.
all of the above.

informing the patient that family members have increased risk and should undergo screeening.
A key feature of irritable bowel syndrome is

that is is a mechanical bowel disorder.
a change of bowel habits with predominant diarrhea or constipation.
that it is associated with GERD.
all of the above.

a change of bowel habits with predominant diarrhea or constipation.
Celiac disease

is a disease of the small intestine.
is characterized by malabsorption, gluten intolerance, and damage to the lining of the intestine.
requires lifelong compliance with a strict gluten-free diet.
all of the above.

all of the above.
Pain is ususally the initial symptom of gastric cancer.

True
False

False
The symptoms of food poisoning are due to the pathogens themselves or to the toxins they produce.

True
False

True
Hypervitaminosis is toxicity from any vitamin, but especially the fat-soluable vitamins A and D.

True
False

True
Vitamin D is considered highly toxic, especially in infants and children.

True
False

True
There is no genetic component to fatness and the regional distribution of fat.

True
False

False
The most common bloodborne infection in the United States is hepatitis A.

True
False

False
Colorectal cancer is the third most common site of cancer incidence and death in men and women.

True
False

True
Barrett’s esophagus is a severe consequence of GERD.
True
Health care workers exposed to body fluids are at risk for hepatitis B.

True
False

True
Cancer of the pancreas is twice as common in men as women and is the fourth leading cuause of cancer-related death in the United States.

True
False

True