Disaster Management Midterm

Disaster
any event that overwhelms existing resources to deal with the event
Terrorism
unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government or civilian population in the furtherness of political or social ojectives
Five areas of focus in emergency and disaster planning
preparedness
mitigation
response
recovery
evaluation
Preparedness
evaluation, planning, training exercises
Mitigation
taking steps to reduce the effect of events that cannot be prevented
*what can we do to prevent further damge or harm
Response
Most good for most people. Providing rescue, medical care, shelter and other services during the incident, emergency or disaster
Recovery
restoring infrastructure, services, lives and economy to predisaster conditions
National Incident Management System
NIMS
-Comprehensive national approach to incident management that is applicable to all jurisdictional levels and across functional disciplines. Standardized, ALL HAZARD incident and resource management concept.
Standardized Emergency Management System
1. Field Level
2. Local Level
3. Operational Area Level
4. Regional Level
5. State Level
6. Federal Level
Mutual Aid
•Mutual aid agreements facilitate the timely
delivery of assistance during incidents
Joint Information Center
-Rumor control
– Public info. plans
NIMS
Aligns command, control,
organization structure, terminology,
communication protocols, &
resources/resource-typing. Used for all events
National Response Framework
Integrates & applies Federal
resources, knowledge, &
abilities before, during, & after an
incident. Implemented for incidents
requiring Federal coordination
ESF 8
– Public Health and
Medical Services. Dept Health & Human Srvcs.
•Public health
•Medical
•Mental health services
•Mass fatality management
Emergency Support Function
15 annexes
-Describe the structures and responsibilities
for coordinating incident resource support
Joint Information Systems
-To communicate timely and accurate
information to the public
•The Joint Information System is established
by local, regional and state governments
•The Public Information Officer is the
participant in the JIS
Incidence Command System
An interdisciplinary and flexible management
system
• Adaptable to an incident of any kind or size
-Scalable activation
• Standardized to integrate other agencies and
organizations into the management structure
Important Features of ICS
Common terminology/clear text
• Modular organization
• Management by objectives
• Incident Action Planning
• Manageable span of control
• Pre-designated incident locations/facilities
• Resource management
• Integrated communications
• Common command structure
ICS Sections
Operations
Planning
Logistics
Finance/Administration
Incidence Command Post
Location where the IC oversees all incident
operations
Staging Areas
Temporary locations where resources are
available and waiting for assignment
Incident Commander
The IC is the one position ALWAYS
activated
-Has overall responsibility for Managing the entire incident, Overseeing all activities in the Hospital
Command Center
-should be the most qualified and trained
person
Command Staff
Titled: Officers
-Public Information Officer
-Safety Officer
-Liaison Officer
-Medical/Technical Specialists (hospital setting
only)
Public Information Officer
conduit for information to internal and external stakeholders
-Staff, visitors and families
-News Media
-All releases are approved by the Incident
Commander
Safety Officer
-Ensure safety of staff, patients, and
visitors, monitor and correct hazardous
conditions
-Has authority to halt any operation
that poses immediate threat to life and
health and overrides chief commander
Liaison Officer
primary contact person in the
Hospital Command Center for supporting
agencies and organizations assisting at an
incident but not in the HCC
General Staff
Operations
Planning
Logistics
Finance/Administration
Operations
Conducts tactical operations
Develops the tactical objectives and
organization
Directs all tactical resources
Carry out the mission and Incident Action Plan
Logistics
-Logistics assures assigned personnel are
fed and have communications, medical
support, and transportation to meet the
operational objectives
-Provide support to other sections, Acquires resources from internal and external sources
Planning
-Organize and direct all aspects of the planning section (Incident Action Plan)
-Document and distribute the facility action plan
-Develop and document the Incident Action Plan
(IAP)
-Collect, evaluate, and disseminate incident
action information and intelligence to Incident
Commander
Financing/Administrative
-Monitor the utilization of financial assets.
• Oversee the acquisition of supplies and services
to carry out the medical mission.
• Supervise the documentation of expenditures
relevant to the emergency incident.
• Pre-planning for a rainy day
• Business RECOVERY
Internal Disaster
-Event within the facility that poses a threat to disrupt the environment of care.
• Relates to the physical plant
• Loss of utilities, fire, or labor strike
External Disaster
-Consequences of the event create a demand for services that tax or exceed resources
• Arrival of large number of trauma patients or victims of a chemical or HAZMAT Incident
Evaluation
This phase focuses on what
worked, what didn’t, what specific
problems, issues and challenges
were identified.
American Red Cross
responds to all types of natural disasters and any situation that causes human suffering or creates human needs that those afflicted cannot alleviate or survive without assistance. Red Cross disaster relief focuses on meeting the individual’s or family’s immediate disaster-caused needs.
ARC
NOT FIRST RESPONDER
START
simple triage and rapid treatment
-for adults ages 9>
casualty severity
large # of injuries are minor/outpatient
Types of casualty
most common is soft tissue