Dairy Foods Marketing 2016

The price of Class I skim milk is ______________ plus the Class I differential applicable to the particular order.

the Class II skim milk price
the lower of the prices of Class III or Class IV skim milk
the average of the prices of Class III or Class IV skim milk
the higher of the prices of Class III or Class IV skim milk

the higher of the prices of Class III or Class IV skim milk
Over half of the top 50 U.S. dairy cooperatives belong to a federation that is dairy farmers’ chief lobbying voice in the nation’s capital. What is the name of the federation?

National Milk Producers Federation
International Dairy Federation
International Dairy Foods Association
Dairy Farmers of America Federation

National Milk Producers Federation
A federal milk marketing order must be voted in by

consumers within the order territory
milk processors
the U. S. Senate
state legislatures
milk producers

milk producers
Federal orders do not control

to whom milk is sold
grade A standards
from whom milk is purchased
to whom milk is sold, from whom milk is purchased, or grade A standards

to whom milk is sold, from whom milk is purchased, or grade A standards
The system of pricing grade A raw milk according to its use in making various products is called

base-surplus pricing
classified pricing
the cooperative incentive system
class I base plan

classified pricing
Federal Milk Market Orders provide ________ to distribute moneys fairly among producers supplying milk to a market.

a board of commissioners
supply-demand equalization
a milk cooperative
a producer settlement fund

a producer settlement fund
Under Federal Orders classes of milk have different

somatic cell counts
prices paid to producers
percentages of fat
quality standards

prices paid to producers
Surplus milk

all of the above
gets no consideration in establishing Federal Orders
commands a lower price than milk sold in the fresh fluid form
is not produced under grade A standards

commands a lower price than milk sold in the fresh fluid form
Quality of grade A milk is

the first consideration in pooling milk
only checked if there is excess milk
a part of the testing by Market Administrators
not controlled by Federal Orders

not controlled by Federal Orders
Milk marketing cooperatives

provide marketing power for dairy farmers
are not permitted by the Federal Milk Marketing Orders
control Federal Milk Marketing Orders
operate only outside the Federal Milk Marketing Orders system

provide marketing power for dairy farmers
A milk producer would receive the maximal price for milk delivered within a milk marketing order if all of it were to be used to make

butter
pasteurized milk
dry whole milk
mozzarella cheese
ice cream

pasteurized milk
Marketing cooperatives often offer incentives to dairy farmers for producing milk having which of the following special characteristics?

low somatic cell count
low bacteria count, low somatic cell count, and high protein content
high protein count
low bacteria count

low bacteria count, low somatic cell count, and high protein content
A system of fairly distributing payment among producers in a Federal Milk Market is called

fair trade program
pooling
base-excess pricing
seasonal incentive pricing

pooling
The highest price paid for milk is in the __________ region of the United States.

Southeast
Northeast
Southwest
Northwest

Southeast
The price added or subtracted for each 0.1% of milkfat above or below 3.5% is called the

class adjustment
premium
milkfat differential
bonus

milkfat differential
A major reason for having Federal Milk Marketing Orders is to

make dairying profitable
assure adequate milk supply of high-quality milk
guarantee a market for the milk produced
prevent disease outbreaks

assure adequate milk supply of high-quality milk
Tests for safety applied to grade A milk are

a part of the testing by Market Administrators
the first consideration in pooling milk
Tests for safety applied to grade A milk are
a responsibility of the health authority

a responsibility of the health authority
The dairy product category that requires the highest amount of raw milk from the U.S. supply is

butter
fluid milk products
ice cream and frozen desserts
cheese

cheese
A mixture of milk and cream containing not less than 10.5 percent milkfat, but less than 18 percent milkfat is defined as

heavy cream
half-and-half
light whipping cream
light cream

half-and-half
“Over-order payments” or “super pool prices” are obtained for milk producers by

milk marketing cooperatives
dairy farmers
milk marketing cooperatives
milk processors

1. milk marketing cooperatives
The purpose of classifying milk into classes I, II, III and IV is to provide for

payment for milk according to its quality
payment for milk according to its cost of production
classification according to the relative safety of each class
payment for milk according to its end use

payment for milk according to its end use
The state that produces the most milk in the United States but does not participate in the federal milk marketing order program is

Wisconsin
New York
Minnesota
California
Pennsylvania

California
Approximately _______ pounds of whole milk are needed to make one pound of cheese.

10
5
20
25

10
In a milk market with four classes of milk, Class III milk is commonly used to make

cottage cheese and cream products
fluid products
hard cheese
butter and dry products

hard cheese
Milk controlled under federal orders must qualify as

all grades and classes
Grade A
manufacturing grade
Class I

Grade A