csc chapter 4

____ was developed by a Finnish student. It continues to gain popularity as an operating system for personal computers. It is distributed under the terms of a GPL.
LINUX
A ____ displays the options associated with a command.
dialog box
A ____ is an additional set of commands that the computer displays after you make a selection from the main menu.
submenu
A command to print a document is relayed through various levels of ____.
software
A computer file’s location is defined by a ____.
file specification
A group of sectors is called a ____.
clusters
A(n) ____ disk is a bootable CD, DVD, or other media that contains a complete copy of your computer’s hard disk as it existed when the computer was new.
recovery
An easy way to back up your important data is simply by copying selected files to a ____.
USB flash drive
An extension of .wav designates a ____ type of file.
sound
An operating system’s ____ capability supports a division of labor among all the processing units.
multiprocessing
File management capabilities available from application software include ____ files.
all of the above
Files stored in noncontiguous clusters are ____.
fragmented
If your backups are ____, keep them in a safe place.
local
In the accompanying figure, C: is an example of a(n) ____.
drive
In the accompanying figure, Marley One Love is an example of:
file name?
In the accompanying figure, mp3 is an example of a ____.
file extension
In the accompanying figure, Music is an example of a ____.
primary folder
The difference between the Save and the Save As commands is that ____.
one is used when a new file without a name is open, and one is used with an existing file
The file system used by Mac OS is ____.
NTFS?
The file system used by Windows 8 is ____.
FAT23 or NTFS
The main directory maintained by your computer’s operating system is the ____ directory.
root
The operating system that was developed in 1969 by AT&T’s Bell Labs and gained a good reputation for its dependability is ____.
UNIX
The operating system, application software, and ____ are organized similar to the chain of command in an army.
device drivers
To delete data from a disk in such a way that no one can ever read it, you should ____.
use special file shredder software
Using Microsoft Windows products, like the one in the accompanying figure, to select files and folders which are listed consecutively, ____.
click on the first and last file while
holding down the Shift key
Using Microsoft Windows products, like the one in the accompanying figure, to select files and folders which are NOT listed consecutively, ____.
click on the first and last file while
holding down the Ctrl key