CRJU 2165

The police represent the_____________ power of government, rather than the ________.
Civil power of government, rather than Military Power of government.
The father of American policing is________________________.
August Vollmer.
The members of the military appointed by the Roman emperor, were called what?
The Praetorian Guard.
What U.S. Supreme court decision held that a black slave could not sue in court for his freedom because he was a piece of property and not a citizen.
Dred Scott v. Sandford 1857.
Many historians and scholars indicated that ________ in the American south were the precursors to the modern American system of policing.
Slave patrols.
What were the two law enforcement system available during the American frontier?
County Sheriffs and Town Marshals.
The statute of Winchester established the office of____________ who was responsible of organizing and supervising the watch.
Parish constables.
What statute made it a crime not to assist the watchmen?
The statute of Winchester.
The federal Judiciary act of 1789 created the what?
Office of the U.S. Marshals
The first state police agency was?
The Texas Rangers.
Which Boston Massachusetts governor fired all the striking police officers in the Boston police strike and later became the President of the U.S.?
Calvin Coolidge.
Which legislature became law in 1920 and established National Prohibition?
The Volstead Act.
Who is noted for developing modern management and administrative techniques for policing?
O.W. Wilson.
Who was the director of the FBI from 1920 to 1972?
J. Edgar Hoover
What did the U.S. Supreme Court focus on during the 1960’s?
Individual Rights.
What U. S. Supreme court case was responsible for applying the Exclusionary Rule to all state courts in America?
Mapp v. Ohio.
What U. S. Supreme court case defined a constitutional right to council at a police interrogation?
Escobedo v. Illinois
What U. S. Supreme court case resulted in the police requirement that persons who are police custody and will be interrogated must be advised of their constitutional rights?
Miranda v. Arizona.
What was the most turbulent time for American policing?
1960’s and 1970’s, and in the 1980’s the war on drugs emerged.
William J. Bratton, reengineered the NYPD to make reducing crime its primary objective. In doing so what vehicle did he use to accomplish this mission?
Compstat (Comparative Statistics)
In 1991, what Los Angeles incident inflamed police community relations?
The Rodney King beating.
What law gives law enforcement new ability to search, seize, detain or ease drop in their pursuit of possible terrorist?
The USA Patriot Act 2001
What first specialized investigative unit in Rome mean trackers of murderers?
Questors
_________ is the computer based management program that many say was responsible for the NY city drops in crime in the middle to late 1990’s?
CompStat
The first state police agency was the Texas Rangers.
True.
The man who is credited for establishing London’s first large scale civil police department is Sir Robert Peel.
True.
Early American police were responsible for cleaning streets, caring for the homeless and operating emergency ambulances services in addition to their law enforcement duties.
True.
In the early U. S. Colonial society, citizens were responsible for protecting themselves and maintaining order in their society.
True.
Escobedo v. Illinois was the Supreme Court case that applied the exclusionary rule to all states in the United States.
False, it was Mapp v. Ohio
The first half of the first decade of 2000 crime reduction continue to occur nationwide as the police adopted or continued aggressive crime fighting techniques.
True.
The majority of law enforcement agencies in America are?
Local.
The majority of those local offices are anywhere from 35 officers and less?
True.
Which of the following states does not have a state law enforcement agency?
Hawaii.
A state law enforcement system that combines the duties of major criminal investigations with control of state highways and small towns into one agency is generally called what type of model?
Centralized location.
A state law enforcement system that provides for separate agencies for traffic enforcement and other state level law enforcement is generally called?
Decentralized location.
The FBI falls under review of the?
Department of Justice.
What department handles all criminal justice?
Department of Justice.
The primary legal and prosecutory arm of the U.S. government is?
Department of Justice.
Which of the following is responsible for the transporting of federal prisoners and the security of federal court houses?
U. S. Marshalls.
Which is the largest policing agency?
U. S. Marshalls.
Which of the following is responsible for the protection of the U.S. President and their family?
U.S. Secret Service.
The program that provides an annual completion of all crime reports to local police is called what?
Uniform Crime Report (UCR).
What are the two parts that are called indexes of crime?
Part one has the original eight felonies, and part two has the other categories 21 each that usually deal with property crimes.
The largest police department in the United States is located where?
New York.
What office does the Department of Justice fall under the control of?
The U.S. Attorney General’s office..
The National Incident Information Center (NCIC) is operated by the?
FBI
When we look at jurisdictions, which of the following is called a specific jurisdiction?
property authority police, College police, parks and wildlife police. All are.
The U.S. Department of Justice maintains administrative control over four major federal law enforcement agencies?
1. FBI, 2. DEA, 3. U.S. Marshalls service, 4. Bureau of Alcohol, tobacco, fire arms, and explosives.
The FBI is the National Police force for the U.S.
False, it is the U.S. Marshall’s office.
Most local police departments are small with about 53% employing fewer then ten sworn officers ?
True.
Nearly all police departments have a written policy pursuit driving. About 60% restrict the vehicle pursuit according to specific criteria.
True.
Many large metropolitan areas have overlapping police jurisdictions.
True.
The management concept that says that each individual in an organization is supervised by one immediate supervisor or boss, who in turns report to a higher supervisor is termed?
Span of Control.
What is the Hierarchy called?
Chain of Command.
Name rank structure or the Chain of command ?
From the lowest rank to the highest: 1. Police officer, 2. Corporal, 3. Detective/Investigator, 4. Sergeant, 5. Lieutenant, 6. Captain, 7. Chief of Police/Police Commissioner.
The police structure in the U. S. is that of a?
Quasi-military organization.
Police officers are considered to be what?
Sworn members of the department.
The first officer at a crime scene is in charge until relieved, at which point who takes over?
Detective and investigator takes over.
The supervisor in the police chain of command is.
Sergeant.
Who is generally in charge of a squad?
Sergeant.
The smallest geographical area in which a single patrol unit, can effectively patrol, is called what?
zone or his or her beat or zone.
Who is generally in charge of the platoon?
Lieutenant.
Police Chiefs are possibly the key figure in a police organization because of?
They sets the vision and tone of the department.
What is a Bureaucracy?
An organizational model marked by hierarchy, promotion on professional merit and skill.
A highly organized rank structure for scorned members law enforcement is known as what?
Chain of Command.
Which of the following is not a common duty of a state police officers?
Serve civil process.
A form of community self protection development by King Alfred the Great in the latter part of the 19th century of England was.
Shire-reeve?
In 1929 President Herbert Hoover created the National Commission of Law Observance and Enforcement. What was the commission known as?
Wickersham Commission.
Who established the first large scale uniform paid civil police force in London?
Sir. Robert Peel.
How did police cars change policing?
increased response time, covered more territory, increase visibility of police on the streets.
What did the Pendleton Act do?
In 1883, a federal law was passed to establish a civil service system to test, appoint, and promote officers on a merit system.
What is the Fourth Amendment about?
Searches and seizures.
What is the Fifth Amendment about?
can’t be a witness against self, no double jeopardy, and shall have the right to life, liberty and property, without Due Process.
What is the sixth Amendment about?
Speedy trial, and right to counsel.
What is the eighth Amendment about?
No cruel and unusual punishment.
What is the Fourteenth Amendment about?
allows the amendments to apply to the states.
What do police duties include?
1. Arresting law violators, 2. Routine patrol, 3. Investigating crimes, 4. enforcing traffic laws, 5. issuing special license and permits.
Who was responsible for creating the Bureaucracy?
Max Weber, who many call “the father of sociology,” gave us the classic features of the bureaucracy.