Crash/Accident Investigation

The operator of a vehicle involved in an accident that results in injury or death of a person shall:
-Immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the accident or as close to the scene as possible
-Immediately return to the scene of the accident if the vehicle is not stopped at the scene of the accident
-Immediately determine whether a person involved requires aid
-Remain at the scene until information is giving or render aid
If a person fails to stop and render aid and the accident causes death to the person, what is the penalty?
Felony 2nd degree
If a person fails to stop and render aid and the accident causes serious bodily injury to the person, what is the penalty?
Felony 3rd degree
If a person fails to stop and render aid and the accident causes bodily injury to the person, what is the penalty?
-Fine not to exceed $5,000
-TDCJ for not more 5 years
-or both
The operator of a vehicle involved in an accident resulting only in damage to a vehicle shall:
-Immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the accident or as close as possible to the scene of the accident without obstructing traffic
-Immediately return to the scene of the accident if vehicle is not stopped at the scene of accident
-Remain at the scene until operator information is exchanged
Vehicles that have accidents on a main lane, freeway, ramp etc…and can be normally and safely driven, each operator shall move the each operator’s vehicle when?
ASAP
If a persons strikes a car causing damage less than $ 200 and fails to stop, what is the penalty?
Class C
If a persons strikes a car causing damage $ 200 or more and fails to stop, what is the penalty?
Class B
What is the penalty for not complying with moving a driveable vehicle off the main lane after an accident?
Class C
Duty to Give Information and Render Aid: What information should be given by the operator of a vehicle involved in an accident?
Operator’s
-Name and address
-Registration number
-Name of liability insurer
The operator of a vehicle that collides with and damages an unattended vehicle shall immediately do this
-Locate the operator of the unattended vehicle
or
-Leave in a conspicuous place a written notice giving the name and address of the operator of the vehicle that struck the unattended vehicle and statement of circumstances
What steps should a person take if he strikes a structure adjacent to a highway or a fixture or landscaping?
-Take reasonable steps to locate and notify the owner or person in charge of property
-If requested and available, show driver’s license to owner
-Shall make a written report if not investigated by the law enforcement officer, if accident resulted in injury, death or damage over $1000 within 10 days
Operator’s of a vehicle invovled in an accident that cannot be normally or safely driven shall immediately notify whom?
-Local police department if occurred in municipality
-Local police department or sheriff’s office if occured not more than 100 feet outside the limits of a municipality
-Sheriff’s office or the nearest offfice if the accident is not required to be reported
If a section of the road is within___feet of the limits of more than one municipality, the municipalities may agree regarding the maintenance of the reports
100 feet
A peace officer who is notified of a motor vehicle accident may investigate the accident resulting in injury, death or property damage of at least what amount?
$1,000
How many days do an operator have to turn in a written report of a accident if accident was not investigated by a peace officer and the accident resulted in injury, death or damage of at least $1000?
10th day after the accident
All written accident reports must be approved by who?
-Department
-Department of Public Safety
A person commits an offense if he reckless causes the death of an individual
Manslaughter
A person commits an offense if he causes the death of an individual by criminal negligence
Criminal Negligence Homicide
A person commits an offense while operator a motor vehicle in public while intoxicated causes serious bodily injury
Intoxication Assault
A person commits an offense while operator a motor vehicle in public while intoxicated causes the death of an individual by mistake
Intoxication Manslaughter
Penalty for Intoxication Assault
Felony 3rd degree
Penalty for Intoxication Manslaughter
Felony 2nd degree
List some equipment needed for traffic accident investigations:
-Tape Measure(100 ft)
-Rolo-tape
-Laser measuring device
-Chalk
-Crayon
-Paint
-Flares
-Warning markers
-Cones
-Flashlight(nighttime)
-Sketch paper
-Traffic vest
What are the procedures for responding to a traffic accident at scene?
-Plan route of approach
-Postion patrol unit to protect accident scene and prevent further damages or injuries
-Set priorities for action at accident scene
-Evaluate the scene to determine the severity of accident
As a police officer what other personnel may you dispatch to assist with the scene?
-Law Enforcement
-Fire Dept.
-EMS
-Tow trucks
What are the steps in scene management?
-Coordinate and manage on-scene resources
-Care for injuried or dead
-Consider other safety factors and take action
-Administer first aid
-In case of fire, notify fire dept.
-Check area for person who may have been injured
What are some ways to control traffic flow?
-Vehicle positioning
-Cone/Flares
-Directing traffic
Procedures for moving damaged vehicles from accident scene is done so per
Department policy
In regards to interview procedures, who ID should be obtain from the accident scene?
-Vehicle operator
-Injured
-Witnesses
-Property owners
In regards to interview procedures, how should parties that are involved in the accident be interviewed?
Separately
What are some physical appearances factors of driver relevant to accident investigation?
-Restrictions on driver’s license
-Dress
-Stance
-Odor
What are some physical obstructions and enviromental conditions that may contribute to an accident?
-Physical conditions of roadway
-Debris on roadway
-Weather
-Nighttime
What is considered to be physical evidence from a accident scene?
-Tire tread patterns
-Scuff marks
-Gouge marks
-Skid marks
-Paint flakes
-Vehicle fluids can show direction of travel hit and run
-VIN number
-Direction of travel to determine if vehicle has been moved
Means a graph on which three or more scales are arranged so that a straight line drawn through values on any two will cross the third at a corresponding value
Nomograph
What are some factors that may contribute to a vehicular accident?
-Speed
-Fail to yield right-of-way
-Improper turning movement
-Faulty equipment
-Weather conditions
-Driver conditions
Means any non-recurring event that causes a reduction of roadway capacity or an abnormal increase in demand and requires a law enforcement response
Incident
What are some common traffic incidents?
-Traffic crashes
-Disabled vehicles
-Spilled cargo
-Highway maintenance
What are some uncommon incidents of special events?
-Sporting events
-Concerts
-Parades
-Funerals
What are some factors to expedite the flow of traffic due to accidents?
-Assess amount of traffic, length of time traffic stopped
-Availability of traffic control material
-Alternate route capable of handling flow
-Proximity of schools, business, or other traffic generators
-Availability of additional manpower
-Coordinate signals and gestures with other officers
What are some key ways to managing roadway space?
-Close lanes only neccessary to protect victims/responders
-Minimize the time lanes are closed
-Expedite lane closure
-Have firefighter to assist with lane closure
When on an accident scene,you should halt all other traffic for whom?
Emergency vehicles
Traffic accidents have a negative affect on traffic, what causes the greatest potential of congestion?
-Longest line of traffic
-Line of traffic threatening spillbacks into other lanes and intersections
When directing traffic, what is the best positioning of the officer?
In a highly visible and safe location
How do you signal a driver to stop using hand signals?
-Look directly at driver
-With arm extended point at driver then raise palm
-Hold position until traffic has stopped
How do you signal a driver to stop when using a flashlight?
-Point light in direction of traffic
-Move beam back and forth at right angles
-With arm extended point at driver then raise palm
How to signal a driver to start using hand signals?
-Extend arm and point at driver
-Turn palm inward bring the hand up and over to the driver,bending the arm at elbow
How to signal a driver to start using a flashlight?
-Point beam at driver to get attention
-Then point beam at ground indicating direction to proceed
What are some ways to control pedestrians flow during traffic?
-Hold them back behind curb until traffic stops
-Start and stop pedestrain flow same as traffic
-Indicate where pedestrains should walk
-Prevent jay-walking and other illegal crossing
Whistle command to stop
One long blast
Whistle command to start
Two short blasts
Whistle command to give warning signals
Three short rapid blasts
What are the five areas of a work zone?
-Advanced warning area
-Transition area
-Activity area
-Work area
-Termination area
In regards to work zone, directs/allows traffic to see where to go ahead
Advanced warning area
In regards to work zone, moves traffic out of the path of the incident
Transition area
In regards to work zone, includes buffer space and work space
Activity area
In regards to work zone, provides protection for victims and responders
Buffer space
In regards to work zone, space where responders will be conducting various activities
Work area
In regards to work zone, allows traffic to return to normal operation
Termination area