Civics Chapter 6 Page 174

Term Definition
Biacameral A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses.
Census a population count taken by the Census Bureau.
Consituent A person from a legislator's district.
Gerrymander An oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group.
Majority Party In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong.
Minority Party In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong.
Standing Committee Permanent committee that continues work from session to session in its Congress.
Seniority years of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members.
Expressed Powers Powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution.
Implied Powers Powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution.
Writ of habeas corpus A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person.
Bill of Attainder A law that punishes a person accused of crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court.
Ex post facto law A law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed.
Franking Privilege The right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying postage.
Lobbyist Representative of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence or whole industries or societies.
Casework The work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem.
Pork-barrel Project Government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state.
Joint Resolution A resolution that is passed by both houses of Congress.
Special-Interest Group An organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions.
Filibuster A tactic for defending a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it.
Cloture A procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill.
Voice Vote A voting method in which those in favor say "Yea" and those against say "No".
Standing Vote In Congress, when a member stand to be counted for a vote on a bill.
Roll-Call Vote A vote method in the Senate in which members voice their vote in turn.
Veto Refusal to sign a bill or resolution.
Pocket Veto Presidents power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days.
Elastic Clause Clause in Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers.
Impeach To accuse government officials of misconduct in office.

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