Civics Chapter 4 Page 118

Term Definition
Civil Liberties Freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment.
Censorship The banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas.
Petition A formal request for government action; a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the general election in most states.
Slander Spoken untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation.
Libel Written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation.
Search Warrant A court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspect's home or business and take specific items as evidence.
Indictment A formal charge by a grand jury.
Grand Jury A group of citizens that decided whether or there id sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime.
Double Jeopardy Putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously acquitted.
Due Process Following established legal procedures.
Eminent Domain The right of government to take private property for public use.
Bail A sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial.
Suffrage The right to vote
Poll Tax A sum of money required of voters before they are permitted to cast a ballot.
Discrimination Unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group
Segregation The social separation of the races.
Civil Rights The rights of full citizenship and equality under the law.
Affirmative Action Programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women to gain access to jobs and opportunities.
Racial Profiling Singling out an individual as a suspect due to appearance of ethnicity.

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