CHES Practice Test 2

a) Secondary
Data compiled by others, which may or may not have been directly obtained from the individual or population being assessed, is known as
a) Secondary
b) Primary
c) Tertiary
d) Internal
b) Targeting
Sending a personally addressed letter advertising a new weight loss program is an example of :
a) tailoring
b) targeting
c) marketing
d) mass mailing
A) Media policy
The health education specialist wishes to raise public awareness of an important health issue using such tools as a press release, Letter to the Editor, and interactive Web 2.0 resources. Awareness strategies using these tools would be considered :
a) Media policy
b) Policy advocacy
c) Legislative advocacy
d) Public practice advocacy
a) Graphs
When presenting info to adults with less than a high school education, which would be the best way to communicate statistical health information?
a)Graphs
b) Tables
c) Handouts
d) Technical discussions
c) 43 %
Based on the chart below, what percentage of the population read at a below basic or basic level, resulting in difficulty with reading and comprehending health education materials?

a) 29%
b) 14 %
c) 43 %
d) 87 %

a) Secondary
National surveillance data, hospital discharge data, and insurance claims data are all appropriate forms of which type of data:
a) Secondary
b) Input
c) Descriptive
d) Primary
B) Formative evaluation
Ongoing monitoring and assessment of program development and implementation is:
a) impact evaluation
b) formative evaluation
c) quantitative evaluation
d) summative evaluation
c) Conduct a community analysis
The first step in IDing a need for community health education program should be to:
a) Assess existing individual behaviors
b) Establish program objectives
c) Conduct a community analysis
d) Determine the poverty level
d) Public reconition for volunteer contributions
Which of the following would be primary incentive for a business or corporation to have a representative volunteer with a local health organization?
a) Meeting new people
b) Attending awards ceremonies
c) Facilitating meetings
d) Public recognition for volunteer contributions
b) Healthfinder.gov
The website that provides health info for consumers is :
a) MEDLINE
b) Healthfinder.gov
c) GEM
d) National Center for Health Statistics
c) Enabling
Having a walking trail nearby is an example of which factor related to behavior change?
a) Predisposing
b) Reinforcing
c) Enabling
d) Fostering
b) Shifts in critical mass
Your advocacy efforts are starting to be successful in a town that has historically been pro-tobacco. The city council has voted 4-1 to hold a town hall mtg to discuss a clean indoor air ordinance. Which type of advocacy benchmark is this?
a) Community or individual behavior
b) Shifts in critical mass
c) Changing definitions/reframing
d) Institutional policy
d) Subjective norm
Adolescents are often influenced by their peers when making health decisions. According to the Theory of Planned Behavior, which construct describes this phenomena?
a) Attitudes
b) Perceived Behavioral Control
c) Intention
d) Subjective norm
a) self-efficacy
During a physical activity intervention session, a health education specialist asks participants to brainstorm ways to overcome barriers to physical activity. This session is focusing on which construct from Social Cognitive Theory?
a) Self-efficacy
b) Self control
c) Social Support
d) Reciprocal determinism
d) a strategic planning session
The process of managing the constant change that affects almost any organization is best reflected by conducting:
a) A focus group
b) an evaluation
c) an assessment
d) a strategic planning session
d) assessing effectiveness
In considering the objective, “All youth participating in the after-school prgm will have as safe ride home at the end of the activity,” the health education specialist recognizes that transportation is a tangible resource. In this scenario he/she is:
a) Writing behavioral objectives
b) Assessing resources
c) Designing a transportation intervention
d) Assessing effectiveness.
a) negatively skewed
Assume that the health education specialist is analyzing the following set of data : (check pix)

These data most likely are characterized as :
a) Negatively skewed
b) Positively skewed
c) Normal
d) Uniformly distributed

a) A negative variance will never be obtained
In what situation will a health education specialist obtain a negative value for the variance?
a) A negative variance will never obtain
b) All observations are at the mean
c) The distribution is very negatively skewed
d) The distribution is positively skewed
a) Secondary
When searching online on behalf of a client, a health education specialist finds a list of article summaries on the effects of vaccination as a preventive measure for the spread of influenza. The type of source he/she found is classified as:
a) Secondary
b) Tertiary
c) Primary
d) Null
b) Internet
When collecting primary data, which of the following survey methods is most likely to save time and money?
a) Face to face interviews
b) Internet
c) Mail
d) Telephone
d) Environmental
Health engineering strategies affect which of the following factors regarding where people live or work?
a) Ecological
b) Ergogenic
c) Economic
d) Environmental
a) Preparation
A person is making a plan to quit smoking in the next month. This person would be in which stage of the Stages of Change?
a) Preparation
b) Precontemplation
c) Action
d) Contemplation
d) summative
In order to justify additional funding for the program, the health education specialist, as project administrator, needs to measure whether the health education intervention caused the desired changes in the target audience. The role of this evaluation effort is:
a) Formative
b) Monitoring
c) Clinical
d) Summative
b) Conducting a needs assessment
The board of a local health-related agency has hired a health education specialist to explore the possibility of developing a health promotion prgm. The initial task of the health education specialist is:
a) Setting program goals and objectives
b) Conducting a needs assessment
c) Creating the program
d) Developing an evaluation plan
a) gain acceptance for the program
A group of new immigrants in an urban community has an outbreak of measles among their children. They resist immunization. The health education specialist’s job is to quickly develop an education and recruitment campaign to forestall a serious epidemic. Which of the following is the first step in the implementation process for this program?
a) Gain acceptance for the program
b) Specify tasks and estimate resources
c) Develop plans for prgm activities
d) Put the plans into action
a) Ocean, fish, Florida, chemicals
If a researcher conducts a database search for info on harmful levels of certain chemicals in salt-water fish consumed in Florida, what combination of keywords would provide the best access to the information needed?
a) Ocean, fish, Florida, chemicals
b) Florida, fish, ocean, eating
c) Fish, chemicals, Florida, consumption
d) Morbidity, fishing industry, consumption, Florida
c) SMOG
A health dept wishes to create educational print materials for community members w/ language disorders & low literacy levels. Which of the following is most effective in determining the reading level of those written materials?
a) Crisp Readability Formula
b) FLASH
c) SMOG
d) Log-gunning Index
a) Reliability
Checking to see if an instrument is measuring concepts consistently is measuring its :
a) Reliability
b) Utility
c) Outcomes
d) Internal bias
d) legislation to restrict smoking in public places
Use of advocacy activities is the best implementation approach for which of the following health education interventions?
a) Individual smoking cessation prgms
b) Interventions to persuade obese individuals to lose weight
c) Work-related stress management techniques
d) Legislation to restrict smoking in public places
a) Individuals participating in the health education prgm will be able to ID 3 ways to protect their skin from the sun
Which of the following is an example of a learning objective?
a) Individuals participating in the health education prgm will be able to identify 3 ways to protect their skin from the sun.
b) Individuals in the prgm will increase their cardiovascular activity by 25 % by the 6th week of the prgm
c) 75% of individuals participating in the program will consume 5 to 9 veggies per day over the following 3 months
d) Prgm health education specialists will identify 10 new participants for each prgm period
b) Communication technology
When the health education specialist creates and distributes a podcast regarding obesity prevention, they are utilizing :
a) SMS
b) Communication technology
c) Qualitative research
d) Readiness assessment
c) Ensure the prgm was culturally appropriate and relevant
An after school prgm was developed to help overweight and obese adolescents lose weight. In developing the program, the health education specialist considered the adolescents’ attitude, beliefs, and values regarding diet and physical activity. Knowing this info, the health education specialist helped to:
a) institutionalize cultural knowledge
b) implement policies for youth
c) ensure the prgm was culturally appropriate and relevant
d) develop clear prgm goals and objectives
b) value system
The health education specialist working in a foreign country is working cross-culturally. One of the most important keys to culturally competent health promotion and understanding different health beliefs/practices is the health education specialist’s understanding of that population’s:
a) food choices
b) value system
c) style of dress
d) health dept organizational structure
d) Guide to community preventive services
The local cancer control coalition is searching for evidence-based prgms and policies for cancer prevention in their community. In the future, they also want to draft evidence-based policy and legislation. What would be the most appropriate resource to review?
a) Decision-maker Matrix
b) Benchmark development Frameworks
c) Advocacy Evaluation Resources
d) Guide to community preventive services
b) Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Which federal government agency is primarily responsible for Healthy People 2020?
a) US Consumer Product Safety Commission
b) Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
c) National Institutes of Health
d) CDC
a) Social
Using the PRECEDE-PROCEED model for planning a community-wide physical activity prgm, the health education specialist first defines the quality of life of the target population. This phase is referred to as what type of assessment ?
a) Social
b) Ecological
c) Epidemiological
d) Administrative
b) Respect of clients’ confidentiality
A health education specialist at a neighborhood health clinic socially interacts with a client’s partner. The educator mentions the client’s response to a prescribed medication. Which of the following responsibilities of the Health Education Profession’s Code of Ethics did the health education specialist violate?
a) Respect of clients’ rights
b) Respect of clients’ confidentiality
c) Respect for clients’ dignity
a) Understand group dynamics and team building
In order to support a team effort of a planning committee, it is important for the health education specialist to:
a) Understand group dynamics and team building
b) Acquire as many resources as possible to recruit committee members
c) ID only community leaders as stakeholders
d) target only volunteer committee members
d) Discussion/conclusion
Which section of the health education prgm eval report might contain a description of how the results agree or disagree w/ current literature?
a) Lit Review
b) Methodology
c) Results
d) Discussion/conclusion
a) Outcomes
A health education specialist is tasked with evaluating the impact of policy decisions regarding the implementation of a new obesity prevention program. Specifically related to policy development, they are focusing on policy:
a) Outcomes
b) Content
c) Process
d) Action
b) Poor health outcomes
All of the following are possible consequences of poor health literacy except :
a) Poor health outcomes
b) Self management of a chronic condition
c) Improper use of medicines
d) Inappropriate usage of health care services
c) Over 100 visits per 10,000 population were from 2 yr olds who sustained falls
According to graph 1.2, during 2000-2003, which of the following is true?
a) The number of visits related to falls decreased in direct proportion to age.
b) Between 300 & 400 visits were by seven yr olds who sustained falls
c) Over 100 visits per 10,000 population were from two yr olds who sustained falls
d) The number of visits per 10,000 population related to motor vehicle traffic-related injuries
b) Those ages 13-14 had the highest rate of visits
According to graph 1.2, during 200-2003, among those struck by a person or object:
a) those ages one-four had a lower rate of visits than those ages six-eight
b) those ages 13-14 had the highest rate of visits
c) The rate of visits increased as age increased
d) The greatest rate of visits was among children age 15
b) One yr olds for falls and 14 yr olds for being struck by person or object
According to graph 1.2, which groups had the highest rate of visits?
a) 14 yr olds for being struck by person or object and 18 yr olds for motor vehicle traffic-related injuries
b) One yr olds for falls and 14 yr olds for being struck by person or object
c) 13 and 17 yr olds for struck by person or objects
d) This graph doesn’t provide adequate info to determine the answer
a) Violence prevention for adolescents
Based on the information in this graph, which type of prevention prgm would be the best for health education specialists to implement?
a) Violence prevention for adolescents
b) Highway safety for people transporting infants and small children
c) Injury from falls for adolescents
d) Anger management for children under 10 yrs of age
d) Laggards
According to the diffusion of innovations, which of the following grps is the most difficult to reach?
a) Late majority
b) Innovators
c) Early adopters
d) Laggards
c) Develop a volunteer job description
An agency needs volunteers at a local health awareness event. Before the recruitment campaign can begin, the first step is to :
a) Create the volunteer newsletter
b) Determine the volunteer reward/incentive system
c) Develop a volunteer job description
d) Plan the volunteer recognition banquet
d) Randomized
A sample in which each person in a population of interest has an equal likelihood of selection is said to be:
a) Non-probability
b) Non-randomized
c) Probability
d) Randomized
b) Social/cultural
A health education specialist is implementing a substance abuse prevention prgm. Currently, participants are discussing how family patterns elicit acceptance and approval of certain behaviors. Which of the following best describe the concept being addressed?
a) Physical
b) Social/cultural
c) Mental
d) Community
a) Achieving changes in health knowledge, attitudes, skills or behavior
The ST effects of health education interventions are most often directed toward:
a) Achieving changes in health knowledge, attitudes, skills, or behavior
b) Reducing health care costs
c) Decreasing recidivism rates
d) Decreasing morbidity and mortality rates
c) Reinforce a message about health related behaviors
Communication strategies are most often used in health education to:
a) ID the target audience
b) Insure a program is culturally sensitive
c) Reinforce a message about health related behaviors
d) mobilize a community
b) EBMR
A health education specialist is asked to find evidence based strategies for physical activity. The most appropriate bibliographic database to search is:
a) CHID
b) EBMR
c) MEDLINE
d) PsychInfo
a) Inferential
The data analysis conducted to ascertain results that are generalizable to the population is known as what type of analysis?
a) Inferential
b) Interpretational
c) Descriptive
d) Process
c) Face to face
Which of the following data collection methods is likely to increase interviewer bias?
a) Mail
b) E-mail
c) Face to face
d) Telephone
d) Collaborating
When a health education specialist exchanges information, alters activities, shares resources and enhances capacity to achieve a common purpose, he or she is :
a) Cooperating
b) Coordinating
c) Networking
d) Collaborating
d) Provide specific examples of support your evaluation & focus on work-related behaviors
Which of the following are elements of conducting an effective employee/staff appraisal?
a) Present your appraisal in writing, w/out allowing an opportunity for discussion
b) Present yoru appraisal verbally and in writing w/out allowing an opporutnity for discussion
c) Have the employee complete a form to submit to you for your signature
d) Provide specific examples of support your evaluation and focus on work-related behaviors.
d) behavioral
Types of factors that influence a person’s health such as compliance, consumption, patterns, coping, preventive actions, and self care are known as :
a) genetic
b) Environmental
c) Individual
d) behavioral
b) Prevalence has risen steadily each month
To depict the number of infections among a cohort of 113 women, a health education specialist presented existing data in the form of a graph. The graph reveals the number of new cases each month of a dagnosed asymptomatic infection and the cumulative number of cases at the end of 6 months. From the following statements, choose the best account regarding what is represented in the graph.
a) Incidence is higher every month
b) Prevalence has risen steadily each month
c) Prevalence is variable every month
d) The IDed infectious cases appear to have been cured.
c) Gather data to ID the existence of a behavioral component that can be addressed with education
A clinic director has asked a helath education specialist to develop an appropriate education program to address this situation shown in the graph. The best initial approach by the health education specialist is this request to :
a) assure the director that a request for the program funding will be in the budget for next year.
b) Secure epidemiological and target group data to determine if this increase is an episodic chance occurence or a new trend.
c) Gather data to ID the existence of a behavioral component that can be addressed with education
d) Begin to develop an education prgm as requested
a) At the beginning of the planning process
Program goals & objectives should be determined:
a) At the beginning of the planning process
b) after program participants are selected
c) after program activities are created
d) immediately before the outcome evaluation
b) Establish the relevance of the information to learners
In health education presentations, which of the following is an appropriate guideline to promote learning:
a) Use passive learning methods, such as lectures
b) Establish the relevance of the information to learners
c) Do not repeat information in any planned learning activity
d) Present information that is unique to one setting or situation
c) Use simple terms
Which of the following is most essential for health education specialists when creating material that addresses participants w/ low health literacy?
a) Present a lot of information to assist in learning
b) Have a behavioral action
c) Use simple terms
d) Use a few headings
a) Social networking sites
Which of the following educational techniques would be most appropriate for a prevention prgm that includes changing norms related to smoking among adolescents?
a) Social networking sites
b) Personal digital assistants
c) Lecture
d) Videos
c) Internet
The health education specialist needs to communicate a prevention message to a proactive, health information-seeking audience. According to the needs assessment, this audience wants to obtain their information in a self-paced format and wants instant updates as new information becomes available. Which health communication channel would best address this audience’s needs?
a) Radio
b) Groups
c) Internet
d) Print newspapers
d) Systematic review
A published synthesis of comprehensive works or data collections on particular topics is defined as a:
a) Summative evaluation
b) Primary data analysis
c) Secondary data synthesis
d) Systematic review
a) ID stakeholders
A health education specialist in charge of coordinating his/her agency’s new outreach prgm wishes to start the strategic planning process. Which is the best first step to take?
a) ID stakeholders
b) Agree on a strategic planning process
c) Clarify organizational mandates
d) Develop the mission statement
c) Selecting the priority population
A health education specialist is collaborating w/ the health dept on a training effort to implement effective physical activity prgms. The group asked the health education specialist which grps may have the greatest benefit from the training. Which of the competencies are they addressing?
a) Setting objectives
b) Preparing audiovisuals
c) Selecting the priority population
d) Determining the subject content
a) Where are we now? Where do we want to be? How do we get there?
The strategic planning process is used to answer which of the following three key questions?
a) Where are we now ? Where do we want to be? How do we get there?
b) Where are we now? What is our objective? When are we going to change?
c) Who is our competition? Where are they now ? Where are we now ?
d) How do we impact the prgm ? When do we impact the prgm ? And by whom ?
a) Process, content, outcomes
The three key domains of evidence-based health policy include :
a) Process, content, outcomes
b) Process, impact, outcome
c) Formative, Summative, Impact
d) Impact, surveillance, outputs
b) Focus group
Which of the following data collection methods utilizes participants who meet specific criteria to provide information about a specific health issue ?
a) Community forum
b) Focus group
c) Health risk appraisal
d) Secondary data collection
a) Determing the objectives of the survey
Which of the following is the first step in designing a survey ?
a) Determing the objectives of the survey
b) Determining the questions to be used on the survey
c) Determining the types of scales to be used
d) Determining the specific data to be collected.
d) Informed consent
Prior to program participation, the participant is notified about the potential risks and benefits of the program. This is part of a process called :
a) omission
b) Commission
c) Ethics
d) Informed consent
a) Establishing a system for program management
Developing a time line for health education program objectives is a task usually associated w/ which phase of implementation?
a) Establishing a system for program management
b) Putting the plan into action
c) Gaining acceptance for the program
d) Specifying program tasks and resources
c) Health policy and enforcement
Smoking bans are an example of which of the following strategies ?
a) Health-related community service
b) Health-related educational
c) Health policy and enforcement
d) Health communication
c) meta analysis
A systematic method of evaluating statistical data based on results of several independent studies of the same problem is a:
a) Stratified sample
b) Case control/comparison study
c) Meta analysis
d) Inferential analysis
a) observation
Which primary data collection method is used to gather data through direct surveillance of the population under study?
a) Observation
b) Surveys
c) Community forum
d) Nominal group process
b) Advocacy
Attempting to provoke change within society using tools such as educational activities, coalition building, lobbying and media communication is :
a) Cultural competence
b) Advocacy
c) Health literacy
d) Consumer-driven health care
b) Stakeholder analysis
Which of the most useful tool for assessing baseline measures of current relationships external to the organization ?
a) Administrative process analysis
b) Stakeholder analysis
c) Impact analysis
d) Organizational assessment
b) The amount of time it takes to collect data
A health education specialist has been asked to collect data from participants by conducting focus group interviews. Given the short period of time he/she has to collect this data, one limitation of using qualitative research is :
a) People don’t like to talk in groups
b) The amount of time it takes to collect data
c) It is not an accepted form of data collection
d) You cannot pilot test
c) Awareness of any inherent risks of dangers associated w/ participation in the stress management prgm
Which of the following is a component of informed consent for clients of a stress management program ?
a) Knowledge of Hans Selye’s theory of stress
b) Acceptance of the program requirement to attend all scheduled stress management sessions
c) Awareness of any inherent risks of dangers associated w/ participation in the stress management prgm
d) Understanding that there is only one acceptable method of stress management
d) People who programs are directed towards
Conducting a needs assessment focuses on the :
a) Setting of a health-related program
b) Leaders from the target audience
c) Available resources for the program
d) People whom programs are directed towards
c) Free samples of healthy foods, such as fruits & vegetables, at local school cafeterias
Which of the following is the most appropriate targeted marketing strategy for a healthy eating program for children ?
a) “Table tents” advertising the prgm placed at the local senior citizen lunch program
b) Fliers posted in local health depts that describe healthy eating techniques
c) Free samples of healthy foods, such as fruits & vegetables, at local school cafeterias
d) E-mail descriptions of the prgm sent to local legislators
b) Stratified
A sample divided into segments based on characteristics of relevance to research, such as gender, age, or social class is said to be :
a) Randomized
b) Stratified
c) Cohort
d) Non-experimental
a) Defines the parameters of the relationships
The health education specialist is working as a liaison between the university health service center and the local health dept. Where there is a lot of room for collaboration it is essential that the health education specialist :
a) Defines the parameters of the relationships
b) Establishes internship opportunities for health education students
c) Provides technical expertise
d) Establishes a contract between the two agencies
b) Psychic
When searching for information for a client about the social issues surrounding child abuse and neglect, which is the best database to use?
a) HEDIR
b) Psychic
c) ERIC
d) Index Medicus
b) Phasing in
A worksite healthy lifestyle promotion prgm is being offered in increments that focus on fitness, stress management, nutrition, and BP control. Each increment is offered one at a time over an eight week period. This process is considered :
a) Assessing
b) Phasing in
c) Implementing
d) Piloting
d) Program objective
“There will be a 10% decrease in diabetes-related ER visits in South County w/in the next 5 yrs” is an example of a :
a) Behavioral objective
b) Learning objective
c) Administrative objective
d) Program objective
b) Assessment of existing health needs and problems
Program planning begins w/:
a) ID of different practice settings
b) Assessment of existing health needs and problems
c) Measurement of social marketing process
d) Eval of learning objectives
d) Descriptive analysis
A type of analysis that is exploratory in nature and designed to describe phenomena specific to a population is :
a) Qualitative research
b) Formative evaluation
c) Analytical analysis
d) Descriptive analysis
b) Mission statement
Which of the following contains detailed information about an organization’s or program’s purpose and scope ?
a) Vision statement
b) Mission statement
c) Goal statement
d) Values statement
d) Evaluation
The highest level of classification in Bloom’s taxonomy is :
a) Analysis
b) Synthesis
c) Application
d) Evaluation
c) HaPI
The health education specialist is searching for a published, reliable instrument that is used to measure a psychosocial construct for use in a program evaluation. The most appropriate bibliographic database to search is :
a) CINAHL
b) MEDLINE
c) HaPI
d) CHID
d) Needs assessment data
During the planning process, it is most important for a health education specialist to use which of the following ?
a) The program’s eval data
b) Healthy People 2020 goals & objectives
c) Community feedback
d) Needs assessment data
b) Inferential statistics
When a researcher wishes to draw conclusions about a population sample, he/she can refer to:
a) Impact indicator
b) Inferential statistics
c) Probability samples
d) Secondary data
a) Be aware of parient’s possible feelings of fear, embarrassment, or resentment
A healthcare provider is talkign w/ a patient. Which of the following is msot important in keeping open lines of communication b/ween the two ?
a) Be aware of patient’s possible feeligns of fear, embarrassment, or resentment
b) Maintain an authoritarian attitude so that the patient takes the situation seirously
c) Always use scientific/medical temrinology
d) do not allow a patient to doubt a Dx or Tx plan
a) Highly important and highly changeable
When prioritizing health problems, health education specliaists are looking for programs that are :
a) Highly important and highly changeable
b) Less important and highly changeable
c) Highly importnat and less changeable
d) Less impotant and less changeable
d) Networking
The most common way to establish and maintain professional contacts is through :
a) Blogs
b) Telephone interviews
c) Internet searches
d) Networking
d) Sustainability
A health agency has an educational program on family planning perspectives. Policies have been implemented to ensure that the program will continue and be maintained over the next 5 yrs. Which of the following is the element of organizational culture that is taking place?
a) Values
b) Cultural norms
c) Peer support
d) Sustainability
b) ERIC
School teachers are working with health education in search of ideas for new lesson plans that they could use to integrate their math lessons with shcool helaht content and skills. The best source to search is the :
a) HEDIR
b) ERIC
c) HEALTHPROM
d) MEDLINE
d) Internal
What are the types of consultative relationships where the health education specialist interprets and responds to health information requests without a formal agreement?
a) External
b) Cardinal
c) Permissive
d) Internal
b) It is exhaustive but not mutually exclusive
The following is an example of a questionnaire item for undergraduate students: “What is your student status?”
1. Freshman; 2. Sophomore; 3. Junior; 4. Senior; 5. Transfer
Which of the folloing most accurately describes this question?
a) It is mutually exclusive but not exhaustive
b) It is exhaustive but not mutually exclusive
c) It is neither exhaustive nor mutually exclusive
d) It is both exhaustive and mutually exclusive
c) asking & answering questions
When thinking theoretically about designing theory-based practice, the health education specialist is :
a) altering program design
b) evaluating constructs
c) asking & answering questions
d) analyzing pilot feedback
a) Determing intervention strategies
Pretesting participants’ knowledge of effective weight management techniques may be most helpful in:
a) Determining intervention strategies
b) Guaranteeing that all participants lose weight
c) Achieving appropriate body composition
d) Learning what causes obesity
c) Limiting the number of program offerings
Which of the following is an example of phasing-in a health education program?
a) Conducting the entire prgm on a small scale
b) Serving participants who differ in demographic characteristics from the target audience
c) Limiting the number of program offerings
d) Offering the program at no cost
a) Organizational climate
In terms of organizational culture, shared vision and sense of belonging are part of which of the following?
a) Organizational climate
b) Values
c) Cultural norms
d) Organizational support
c) IDing useful existing data collection instruments
If a health education specialist considers using an instrument, like the BRFSS, that has been validated and tested for reliability, they are :
a) avoiding development of their own instrument
b) practicing unethical behavior by using another instrument
c) IDing useful existing data collection instruments
d) comparing their population’s responses to research questions
d) Consultative
The specific helping relationship created when a health education specialist assists an organization, but doesn’t ultimately make direct changes is referred to as:
a) Advisory
b) Adversarial
c) Technical
d) Consultative
b) the health Education Profession Code of Ethics
A health education specialist is faced with a controversial issue in a health prgm. One of the first resources to consult would be:
a) A community leader
b) the Health Education Profession Code of Ethics
c) A professional mentor
d) the Internet
d) school aged youth
A health education specialist is designing a health communication campaign to increase physical activity among school aged youth. THe best group to work with to develop and pretest the campaign’s message and educational materials is:
a) other health education specialists in the school’s local community
b) area medical and social service personnel
c) local mass media experts
d) school aged youth
d) Ethical
A health education specialist was randomly assigning research participants to control & treatment groups. The educator felt like one participant would benefit from the experimental group and intentionally assigned him/her to that group. The educator violated which of the following responsibilities of health eudcation practice ?
a) Legal
b) Moral
c) Financial
d) Ethical
b) Focus groups
Which of the following is an example of qualitative data that can be used to compile community needs assessments?
a) Census reports
b) Focus groups
c) Telephone surveys
d) Mortality tables
c) Goal
A broad, future oriented statement reflecting the aim of a program is a:
a) Project
b) Mission
c) Goal
d) Behavioral objective
c) Consistency of the measurement process
A health education specialist specifically chooses an assessment tool w/ a high “test retest” reliability to use in his/her prgm eval effort. Reliability refers to:
a) Operational forms of the construct
b) Systematic progression of the research steps
c) Consistency of the measurement process
d) Degree to which the tool measures what it is intended to measure
d) Establishing a system for program management
Developing a time line of achievement for health education prgm objectives is a task usually associated w/ which phase of implementation?
a) Specifying program tasks and resources
b) Gaining acceptance for the program
c) Putting the plan into action
d) Establishing a system for program management
c) Key stakeholders of the agency
Health agency personnel are ready to review & adopt their new program’s strategic plan. Who also should be included in this process?
a) The entire community in the geographic area covered by the agency
b) No one, just agency representatives
c) Key stakeholders of the agency
d) Local health education specialists
c) Currency
Checking to see if a Web site has been updated evaluates the web site’s :
a) Domain
b) Accuracy
c) Currency
d) Affiliations
a) Qualitative
The health education specialist wishes to describe a community’s perceptions of its health needs, as well as its members’ opinions about the local health dept. Which type of research method is best?
a) Qualitative
b) Documentary
c) Quantitative
d) Procedural
b) Individual, interpersonal, institutional or organizational, community, public policy
The levels of strategies common to ecological models are :
a) Interpersonal, institutional, state, federal
b) Individual, interpersonal, institutional or organizational, community, public policy
c) Intrapersonal, community, group, organizational, legislative
d) Individual, community, local, state, national
d) social marketing
The process for influencing human behavior on a large scale, using marketing principles for the purpose of public benefit rather than profit is:
a) health marketing
b) market strategy
c) health communication
d) social marketing
d) Reach the target audience
A health education specialist should primarily use instructional technology to:
a) Secure funding support
b) Ensure cultural sensitivity
c) ID objectives
d) Reach the target audience
a) Reader friendly
In communicating evaluation findings to stakeholders, the health education specialist should produce a final report that is focused and:
a) Reader friendly
b) Scientifically descriptive
c) Meets the needs of the author
d) Exciting & engaging
b) Research or program objectives
The choice of a data-collection method for a health education program evaluation is best linked to:
a) computerized databases
b) Research or program objectives
c) Accuracy of the published information
d) Interpretation of the research findings
c) Institutional
In the social ecological model, a school or worksite would fall under which factor or level?
a) Individual
b) Interpersonal
c) Institutional
d) Community
d) Nutrition.epi
When using electronic resources such as bibliographic databases or Web sites, the health education specialist should analyze the info for accuracy and quality. Which Web site extension for the sample domain name is most likely to contain valid information?
a) Nutrion.com
b) Nutrition.epi
c) Nutrition.usa
d) Nutrition.gov
b) Benchmarks
In order to help account for milestones in health advocacy work or policy change, it is helpful to use:
a) A list of challenges
b) Benchmarks
c) Historical accounts
d) Standards
d) Develop a comprehensive approach
The data collection and analysis plan for a needs assessment should :
a) Delimit approaches for assessment
b) Focus on one sub-population
c) Discount stakeholder bias
d) Develop a comprehensive approach
b) Advanced
Adults with which literacy level are most likely getting health information from TV and radio?
a) Proficient
b) Below basic
c) Intermediate
d) Advanced
a) Health professional or health organization
A client requests a specific health service. The best resource to use to respond to his/her information request is a:
a) Health professional or health organization
b) Health-related Web site
c) Health promotion database
d) Health software package
d) Building trust
To create a partnership, a health education specialist begins to create a relationship w/ personnel from another agency. They work together on a small project before deciding to partner on a larger, grant funded project. This is an example of which principle in creating effective partnerships?
a) Using data effectively
b) Acknowledging & celebrating programs
c) Minimizing turf wars
d) Building trust
d) Construct validity
A health education specialist is investigating a data collection instrument to determine if the concepts in that instrument relate to the concepts of the theory upon which the program is based. He/she is considering the instrument’s:
a) Content validity
b) Criterion validity
c) Reliability
d) Construct validity
b) Formative
IDing and assessing the strengths and weaknesses of the way a health education specialist implements a program is best described as what type of evaluation?
a) Simulation
b) Formative
c) Summative
d) Impact
c) The curriculum is evidence-based
A school health advisory team is selecting a health curriculum to be adopted and implemented in the school district. The first issue to consider is if:
a) it will entertain students
b) The community supports the curriculum
c) The curriculum is evidence-based
d) The political environment supports the curriculum
c) Holding the line
After a clean indoor air ordinance passes with the help of advocacy efforts, Big Tobacco attempts to overturn it. A community health coalition stops its campaign. Which type of advocacy benchmark is this?
a) Changing definitions/reframing
b) Shift in critical mass
c) Holding the line
d) Institutional policy
c) Understand audience needs, develop goals/objectives, select appropriate methods, gather resources to aid implementation, evaluate effectiveness
The local Kiwanis Club asked a health education specialist to make a “healthy snacking” presentation to its group. Which of the following represents the correct order to plan and implement the presentation?
a) Develop goals/objectives, understand audience needs, select appropriate methods, gather resources to aid implementation, evaluate effectiveness
b) Gather resources to aid implementation, develop goals/objectives, understand audience needs, select appropriate methods, evaluate effectiveness
c) Understand audience needs, develop goals/objectives, select appropriate methods, gather resources to aid implementation, evaluate effectiveness
d) Develop goals/objectives, understand audience needs, gather resources to aid implementation, select appropriate methods, evaluate effectiveness
a) Use a variety of methods
A health education specialist has been asked to deliver a training program for individuals caring for patients w/ diabetes. With adequate funding and training expertise, he/she should:
a) use a variety of methods
b) only use advanced technologies
c) avoid 1-1 interactions
d) simply hand out print materials
c) IRB
This body functions to protect human subjects engaged in research studies :
a) ISL
b) BIR
c) IRB
d) BBB
c) Formal
A local hospital has hired a company to work with the staff on team building. Time schedules, fees, and written goals and objectives have been developed. Which one of the following best describes this consultation process ?
a) Voluntary
b) Informal
c) Formal
d) Required
c) Learning objective
“Program participants will be able to correctly ID five sources of dietary fiber” is an example of :
a) Behavioral objective
b) Program objective
c) Learning objective
d) Mission statement
c) Belmont Report
To understand the 3 human subjects protection guidelines of respect for persons, beneficence, and justice, one would look to the:
a) CHNEO Code of ethics
b) Informed consent process
c) Belmont Report
d) Geneva Convention Treaty
a) American Public Health Association’s School Health Education & Svcs Section (APHA-SHES)
Which health education professional organization exists specifically to protect & promote the health of children & youth by supporting coordinated school health prgms as a foundation for school success?
a) American School Health Association (ASHA)
b) Eta Sigma Gamma (ESG)
c) American Association for Health Education (AAHE)
d) American Public Health Association’s School Health Education & Svcs Section (APHA-SHES)
b) w/in the organization/environment
Administering strategies, interventions, and prgms relates to improvement of factors:
a) w/in the organization/environment
b) w/in & outside the organization/env
c) outside of the organization/env
d) relative to the process, impact, and outcome of the organization/env
a) Community advocacy
Which of the following is considered an example of a community mobilization strategy?
a) Community advocacy
b) Health fair
c) Mailed pamphlets
d) Simulation activity
c) Collaborative problem solving
When facilitating grps of stakeholders in a project, the health education specialist encounters some conflict b/ween the organizations. The most effective conflict management strategy to use is:
a) Confrontation/fight
b) Avoidance
c) Collaborative problem solving
d) Proactive planning
a) age
Data was collected from 20 samples of adults b/ween 1987 and 2008, a health education specialist found that the average level of happiness reported by people less than 65 years old declined from 1987 to 1999. For this same grp, the avg level of happiness increased slightly from 2000 to 2008. In addition, the average levels of happiness reported by people aged 65 and older increased from 1987 to 2008. The variable of interest in this study is (are) :
a) age
b) Age 65
c) 2008
d) 1987 to 2008
d) Learning-centered approach
A training that allows participants to learn by experience and is relevant to personal or work life is an example of which approach to learning?
a) Content-centered approach
b) Expert approach
c) Experiential approach
d) Learning-centered approach
b) Educational
A health education specialist schedules a panel to discuss LGBT issues to his/her prgm staff. This is an example of what kind of strategy?
a) Community organizing
b) Educational
c) Communication
d) Administrative/Policy
b) External
In this type of consultative relationship, the health education specialist provides mostly technical assistance, or process-directed services to the client.
a) Internal
b) External
c) Independent
d) Strategic
c) Consider the nature of the audience and the purpose of the prgm
In the process of selecting the most appropriate educational method to use in a health education program, which of the following guidelines should be used?
a) Ensure that only one method is selected for implementation
b) Recognize that the prgm location rarely affects method selected
c) Consider the nature of the audience and the purpose of the prgm
d) Realize that all methods are equally useful in any setting
b) Health belief model
If a person weigh their susceptibility to developing high cholesterol against his/her perceptions about the severity of high cholesterol, this describes two constructs in which theory or model ?
a) Social cognitive theory
b) Health belief model
c) Transtheoretical model
d) Diffusion of Innovations
a) HEDIR
Electronic mailing lists are used by health education specialists to send announcements and questions to others in the field. One example of an E-mailing list is:
a) HEDIR
b) CDP
c) CHID
d) USDHHS
b) Random error
If a child responded to a questionnaire, but didn’t understand the complex language, his/her answers will contain:
a) Social desirability bias
b) Random error
c) Systematic error
d) Triangulation
b) Educational activities
Brainstorming, simulation, and case studies are common tasks of which of the following health education methods and techniques?
a) Environmental interventions
b) Educational activities
c) Behavior modification
d) Advocacy activities
c) Output
In a logic model, a healthy cooking class would be considered an:
a) Input
b) Outcome
c) Output
d) Assumption
c) Few polysyllabic words
The local medical clinic administration charged its health education specialist w/ designing a brochure for their new diabetes prevention education campaign. The intended audience possesses generally low health literacy levels. Therefore, the characteristics of this brochure should include :
a) Few examples & graphics
b) Many varied messages
c) Few polysyllabic words
d) Many main points
a) List internal and external strengths and opportunities
In the strategic planning process, organizations define or refine a mission statement. The next step is to :
a) List internal and external strengths and opportunities
b) List mandates & sources
c) ID key stakeholders
d) Write a report
b) Health educators job analysis
The most recent 18 month project to validate the contemporary practice of entry & advanced level health education specialists was the :
a) Competency Update Project (CUP)
b) Health Educators Job Analysis
c) 2006 Revised Framework
d) National Commission on Certifying Agencies (NCCA)
d) HRSA
If your agency has limited financial resources, the msot reliable Web site to use as a source to find a wide variety of downloadable health education materials is :
a) GMM
b) FREEWEB
c) CHID
d) HRSA
b) Omission
Forgetting to have middle-aged, sedentary adults provide a physician’s consent to exercise would be considered negligence of:
a) commission
b) omission
c) aversion
d) beneficence
d) Ratio
Participants in a health education prgm are asked to state the number of times they have been arrested. At which level of measurement is this data?
a) Nominal
b) Ordinal
c) Interval
d) Ratio
b) SWOT
Which of the following is a situational analysis tool?
a) PRECEDE
b) SWOT
c) MATCH
d) CDCynergy
d) Developing ownership by the priority population
A college population was instrumental in developing a prgm to encourage students to receiving testing for STIs. This prgm involved what principle of community organizing ?
a) Eliminating bias
b) Focusing on prgm eval
c) Modeling similar prgms
d) Developing ownership by the priority population
b) Tertiary data source
The Am Heart Association has created a pamphlet outlining heart disease death rates among Americans over the age of 40. This is an example of a:
a) Primary data source
b) Tertiary data source
c) Secondary data source
d) Qualitative data source
c) Have small grps work together to solve problems
Which of the following approaches is the best to use when working w/ adult learners ?
a) Lecture w/ technical information and include statistical analyses
b) Use only distance-learning techniques
c) Have small grps work together to solve problems
d) Use the latest technological tools
d) As the value of X decreases, the value of Y decreases
Which of the following statements indicates a positive relationship b/ween variables X and Y?
a) As the value of X increases, the value of Y decreases
b) As the value of Y increases, the value of X decreases
c) As the value of X increases, the value of Y remains unchanged
d) As the value of X decreases, the value of Y decreases
c) Numeracy
A health education specialist uses a deck of cards to help people visualize a serving of meat in a weight loss prgm. This is an example of assisting people w/ :
a) oral literacy
b) conceptual knowledge
c) numeracy
d) print literacy