Chapter 9 Nutrition and Hydration (EVOLVE)

Which one of the following statements is not true about the dietary needs of the older adult?

A. Older adults need more calories because of their age and possible loss of weight.
B. Recommendations may need to be modified for the older adult with illness.
C. DASH is a dietary plan designed to assist in the maintenance of weight and in the management of hypertension.
D. MyPlate for older adults includes icons for regular physical activity.

A. Older adults need more calories because of their age and possible loss of weight.
Which one of the following dietary components is important to the older adult because it (a) improves glucose tolerance by delaying the movement of carbohydrates into the small intestine, (b) prevents or reduces constipation, and (c) reduces the risk of heart disease?

A. Protein
B. Fat
C. Fiber
D. Vitamins and minerals

C. Fiber
An older adult client reports pressure ulcers, anemia, hypotension, and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs). You suspect that this client is exhibiting which one of the following?

A. Malnutrition
B. Obesity
C. Vitamin B12 deficiency
D. Diverticulosis

A. Malnutrition
An older adult client who has had several UTIs complains of constipation. You realize he might be suffering from which of the following?

A. Malnutrition
B. Vitamin B12 deficiency
C. Issues related to the digestive system
D. Dehydration

D. Dehydration
When working with an older adult client, you notice that her family members always bring her chocolate candy. In addition, she knows where the stash of candy is on the unit despite the fact that she has dementia. You realize that the ability to detect: (Select all that apply.)

A. Sour flavors declines with age.
B. Salty flavors increases with age.
C. Sweet tastes remains intact with age.
D. Bitter tastes declines with age.
E. Salty flavors increases with age.
F. Bitter tastes stays the same with age.

A. Sour flavors declines with age.
C. Sweet tastes remains intact with age.
D. Bitter tastes declines with age.