Chapter 9

Term Definition
Political Party An association of voters broad common interests who want to influence or control decision making in government by electing the party's candidates to public office
Two-Party System a system of government in which two parties compete for power
Third Party a party that challenges the two major parties
Platform a series of statements expressing the party's principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues
Plank each individual part of political party's platform
National Committee Representatives from every state
Caucus a meeting of political party members to conduct party business
Precinct a geographic area that contains a specific number of voters
Ward several adjoining precincts making up a larger election unit
Political Machine a strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes
Direct Primary an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in general election
Closed Primary an election in which only the declared members of a party are allowed to vote for the party's nominees
Open Primary an election in which voters need not declare their party preference to vote for the party nominees
Plurality the most votes among all those running for a political office
Majority a number that is more than 50% of the total
Petition a formal request for government actions ; a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the general election in most states

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