Chapter 7 Exploring Medical Language 9th Edition CH. 7

Balan/o Glans penis
Epididym/o Epididymis
Orchid/o, Orchi/o, Orch/o, Test/o Testis, Testicle
Prostat/o Prostate gland
Vas/o Vessel, Duct
Vesicul/o Seminal vesicle
Andr/o Male
Sperm/o, Spermat/o Spermatozoon (pl. Spermatozoa), Sperm
– ism State of
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Anorchism State of absence of testis (unilateral or bilateral)
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Balanitis Inflammation of the glans penis
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Balanorrhea Discharge from the glans penis
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia – BPH Excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland (nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland)
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Cryptorchidism State of hidden testes. (During fetal development, testes are located in the abdominal area near the kidneys. Before birth they move down into the scrotal sac.)
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Epididymitis Inflammation of an epididymis
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Orchiepididymitis Inflammation of the testis and the epididymis
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Orchitis, Orchiditis, or Testitis Inflammation of the testis or testicle
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Prostatitis Inflammation of the prostate gland
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Prostatocystitis Inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Prostatolith Stone(s) in the prostate gland
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Prostatorrhea Discharge from the prostate gland
(Disease & Disorder Built From Word Parts)Prostatovesiculitis Inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Erectile Dysfunction The inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse (Formerly called impotence)
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Hydrocele Scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Phimosis A tightness of the prepuce (foreskin) that prevents its retraction over the glans penis; it may be congenital or a result of balanitis . Circumcision is the usual treatment.
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Priapism Persistant abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Prostate Cancer Cancer of the prostate gland, usually occurring in men middle-aged and older.
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Spermatocele Scrotal swelling caused by distention of the epididymis containing an abnormal cyct-like collection of fluid and sperm
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Testicular Cancer Cancer of the testicle, Usually occurring in men 15-35 years of age
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Testicular Torsion Twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis; occurs most often during puberty and often presents with a sudden onset of severe testicular or scrotal pain. Because of lack of blood flow to the testis
(Disease & Disorder Not Built From Word Parts)Varicolcele Enlarged veins of the spermatic cord
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Balanoplasty Surgical repair of the glans penis
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Epididymectomy Excision of the epididymis
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Orchidectomy, Orchiectomy Excision of the testis (Bilateral orchidectomy is called Castration)
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Orchidopexy, Orchiopexy Surgical fixation of a testicle (Performed to bring undescended testicle [s] into the scrotum.
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Orchidotomy, Orchiotomy Incision into a testis
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Orchioplasty Surgical repair of a testis
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Prostatectomy Excision of the prostate gland
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Prostatocystotomy Incision into the prostate gland and bladder
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Prostatolithotomy Incision into the prostate gland to remove stones
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Prostatovesiculectomy Excision of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Vasectomy Excision of a duct (Partial excision of the vas deferens bilaterally, resulting in male sterilization)
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Vasovasostomy Creation of an artificial opening between the ducts (The severed end of the vas deferens are reconnected in an attempt to restore fertility in men who had a vasectomy)
(Surgical Terms Built From Word Parts)Vesiculectomy Excision of the seminal vesicle [s]
(Surgical Terms Not Built From Word Parts)Circumcision Surgical removal of the prepuce (foreskin); all or part of the foreskin may be removed
(Surgical Terms Not Built From Word Parts)Hydrocelectomy Surgical removal of a hydrocele
(Surgical Terms Not Built From Word Parts)Radical Prostatectomy RP Excision of the prostate gland with its capsule, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and sometimes pelvic lymph nodes; performed by a retropubic, perineal, routine laparoscopic approach, or robotic surgery; used to treat prostate cancer
(Surgical Terms Not Built From Word Parts)Suprapubic Prostatectomy Excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone and through an incision in the bladder and prostate casule; used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) – also called SUPRAPUBIC TRANSVESICAL PROSTATECTOMY

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