Chapter 6 – Comparative Health Information Management

American Correctional Association
professional association of correctional administrators, wardens, superintendents, and other individuals and institutions that promotes improved correctional standards and studies causes of crime and juvenile delinquency as well as methods of crime control and prevention, offering voluntary accreditation for all components of adult and juvenile corrections
American Correctional Health Services Association
(ACHSA)
professional association of health care providers, individuals, and organizations interested in improving the quality of correctional health services
American Public Health Association
(APHA)
professional association of health care workers, administrators, epidemiologists, planners, community and mental health specialists, and interested individuals who seek to protect and promote personal, mental, and environmental health through promulgation of standards, establishment of uniform practices and procedures, and research
Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services
(USCIS)
a division of the Department of Homeland Security responsible for the immigration service functions that were formerly performed by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)
Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement
(ICE)
a division of the Department of Homeland Security responsible for the border and security functions of the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)
Certified Correctional Health Professional Program
(CCHP)
a certification program for health care professionals working in corrections, administered by the National Commission on Correctional Health Care
Correctional Certification Program
(CCP)
a certification program offered by the American Correctional Association to correctional officers, correctional staff, staff nurses, and nurse managers working in corrections
department of corrections
(DOC)
a division of state government responsible for the operation of prisons
detainee
a person held in custody awaiting trial or disposition
Division of Immigration Health Services
(DIHS)
an organizational component of ICE responsible for providing health care services to individuals placed in ICE custody
Federal Bureau of Prisons
(FBP)
a division of the US Department of Justice responsible for the administration and operation of federal correctional facilities, including penitentiaries, prison camps, and metropolitan correctional centers
grievance process
a formal, administrative process whereby inmates may file complaints against a correctional facility for review by a panel…institutional policies, and sometimes state statutes, determine time frames for the review process, decisions, and appeals
health services director
(HSD)
an individual responsible for the administration and operation of health services within a prison system or DOC
hybrid covered entity
an organization whose activities include both covered and non-covered functions under HIPPA
inmate
a person confined to a correctional institution such as a prison
inmate self-pay or copayment
the practice of requiring inmates to pay a (small) fee for predetermined, non emergency medical treatments
jail
an institution administered by local units of government with the authority to detain adults for a period of 48 hours or longer and to confirm adults convicted of misdemeanors whose sentence does not exceed one year
juvenile detention facility
a facility operated by a unit of government for the confinement of individuals under 18 years old
National Commission on Correctional Health Care
(NCCHC)
a national association that offers voluntary accreditation of the health services in correctional facilities
prisons
facilities operated by a unit of the state or federal government for the confinement of adults convicted of a felony whose sentence exceeds one year
telemedicine or telehealth
the application of technology where a video camera, a high-speed line, and monitoring and imaging equipment are installed at both a correctional facility and a medical facility; equipment is linked either by high-speed communication lines, computer networks, or satellite hookups, thus allowing videoconferencing and digital images to be transmitted and received by either side.