Chapter 5 – Project Scope Management

Collect Requirements
The process of defining and documenting stakeholders needs to meet the project objectives
Project Scope Management
The processes required to ensure that the project includes all the work required and ONLY the work required
Define Scope
The process of developing a detailed description of the project and products
Create WBS
The process of subdividing project deliverables and project work into smaller more manageable components
Verify Scope
The process of formalizing acceptance of the completed project deliverables.
Control Scope
The process of monitoring the status of the project and product scope and managing changes to the scope baseline.
Product Scope
The features and functions that characterize a product, service, or a result to be delivered by the project.
Gold Plating
Giving the customer something they did not ask for (not in scope)
Facilitated Workshops
Tool used to collect requirements (ex: JAD, QFD, VOC)
Delphi Technique
Collect Requirements Tool- Experts answering questionnaires facilitated to maintain anonymity
Affinity Diagram
Requirement gathering tool -allows large numbers of ideas to be sorted into groups for review and analysis
Requirements Traceability Matrix
Mapping requirements to business needs, project objectives, WBS deliverables, Test Strategy
Pair Wise Comparisons
Alternative Identification technique
Degree of Decomposition
95% accuracy on estimates, specific names person, 40-80 person hours of work
Variance Analysis
Project performance measurement used to assess magnitude of variation from original scope baseline
Requirements Management Plan
A document that defines how requirements will be analyzed, documented, and managed throughout the project.
Work Performance Information
Information on project process, deliverable progress
Control Scope Inputs
Inputs are: Scope baseline, Scope Management Plan, Change Management Plan, Configuration Management Plan, Requirements Management Plan
Verify Scope Inputs
Inputs are: Scope statement, WBS, WBS dictionary, Requirements documentation, Requirements traceability Matirx, Validated Deliverables
Define Scope
Outputs are: Product Scope description, Product acceptance criteria, project deliverables, project exclusions, project constraints, project assumptions, project document updates
Plurality
Decision making technique where the largest block in the group decides even if a majority is not achieved
Unanimity
Group decision technique where everyone agrees on a single course of action
Collect Requirements Output
Requirements documentation, requirements management plan, requirements traceability matrix
Prototypes
Requirement gathering method of obtaining early feedback on requirements by providing a working model
Product Analysis
Define Scope technique for products. Includes product breakdown, system analysis, requirements analysis, systems engineering, value engineering and value analysis.