Chapter 27

Colonization – Economic Motives
Economic Motives: desire for wealth and riches and new trade routes to Asia
Colonization – Social/Religious Motives
Social/ Religious Motives: desire of catholic priests to spread Christianity in the Americas
Colonization – Methods of Conquest
Methods of Conquest: Military conquests of Natives peoples
Colonization – Patterns of Colonial Management
Patterns of Colonial Management: Spanish subjected conquered people to system of forced labor, Dutch and French established trading posts, and British established permanent colonies with limited self-rule
Colonization – Resistance to Colonial Rule
Resistance to Colonial Rule: Natives of New Mexico revolted against Spanish settlers
Colonization – Impact of Colonization
Impact of Colonization:

Negative: death of natives from war and European diseases, enslavement of Africans

Positive: global exchange of food items and livestock

Imperialism – Economic Motives:
Economic Motives: wanted more land for factories
Imperialism – Social/Religious Motives
Social/Religious Motives: they converted the people to Islam or Christianity
Imperialism – Methods of Conquest
Methods of Conquest: Diplomatic and Military
Imperialism – Patterns of Colonial Management
Patterns of Colonial Management: they wanted to claim land and govern or govern through local officials
Imperialism – Resistance to Colonial Rule
Resistance to Colonial Rule: Ethiopia was successful but Nigeria and Africa were not.
Imperialism – Impact of Colonization
Impact of Colonization:

Negative: death, disease, they lost land and independence, famine, and loss of tradition

Positive: reduced warfare, improved sanitation, and economic expansion

Cause of Imperialism
The Europeans needed more land for factories and Africa had a lot of natural resources
Effects of Imperialism
Negative: lost land and independence
lost thousands of people from revolts and diseases
Famine
people were forced to leave their villages to support their families
Lost traditional cultures

Positive: reduced local warfare
improved sanitation
provided hospitals and schools
lifespans increased and literacy improved
economic expansion
new technology

Were Europeans successful in Africa
Yes, because they had a lot of land and they reached their goal but some of the people in Africa revolted and only a few won
How did the British gain economic, political, and social control of Nigeria
They used different forms of imperialism like colony, protectorate, sphere of influence, and economic imperialism. They also had the boer war, which they won so they established colonies
Who were the boers ?
Dutch settlers that lived in South Africa
Berlin conference
1884-1885 Lay down rules for the division of Africa. 14 European nations attended the conference. They agreed that any European country could claim land in Africa by notifying other nations of it’s claim.
What is racism ?
The belief that one race is superior to others
What is the theory of social darwinism and how did european imperialist use it
Those who were the fittest enjoyed wealth and success and were considered superior to others. People who were not European were considered to be on the lower scale of cultural and physical development because they weren’t as advanced as Europe.
What was the major source of wealth in africa
Gold, diamond , peanuts , palm oil , cocoa and rubber . displayed food crops grown by the farmers and fed their families. also cotton and copper and land
What was the boer war and how was fought
A fight between the British and the boers who are from South Africa. Boers used commando raids and tactics against British . British would burn farms and imprison women and children . It started because there were diamonds and gold in southern Africa and people around the world rushed there but the boers tried to keep them out. There was an attempt to fight the boers, but they failed. The boers blamed the British.
Who are the zulu people
South african people
Who is shaka
The Zulu chief who used disciplined warriors and military organization to create a centralized state.
What is the great trek
the boers moving to Africa to escape
What is a protectorate
a country or territory with it’s own internal government but under the control of an outside power
Describe paternalism
a policy of treating subject people as if they were children providing them their needs but not giving them their rights
What was the policy of assimilation
in time the population would adopt the French culture and become like the French
Who is menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia. He played the Italians, French, and British against each other
How were national boundaries established in africa
people in the Berlin conference had to claim the land and they showed how they will control it
What was the Crimean war
russians versus ottomans for the black sea