Chapter 22

progressivism
The movement in the late 1800s to increase democracy in America by curbing the power of the corporation. It fought to end corruption in government and business, and worked to bring equal rights of women and other groups that had been left behind during the industrial revolution.
RE Olds
was a pioneer of the American automotive industry, for whom both the Oldsmobile and REO brands were named
Model T
the first widely available automobile powered by a gasoline engine
Tin Lizzie
nickname for the Model T
United Fruit
What company in the conglomerate that started RCA really pushed its use?
General Electric
company which created one of the first corporate labs in 1900 to lessen their gov’t dependency
Frederick Winslow Taylor
American mechanical engineer, who wanted to improve industrial efficiency. He is known as the father of scientific management, and was one of the first management consultants
“Principles of Scientific Management”
also referred to as Taylorism, scientific management sought to reduce waste and inefficiency in production by measuring every movement and regulating every step of the work process
Triangle Shirtwaist Co.
location of 1911 fire tragedy that killed more than 140 workers
WTUL
Women’s Trade Union League and National Consumers League; Gave female reformers a national stage for social investigation.
RFD
Rural Free Delivery
Rockefeller Sanitary Commission
an organization that eventually eradicated the hookworm disease
Newlands Act
1902 act authorizing federal funds from public land sales to pay for irrigation and land development projects, mainly in the dry Western states
David Graham Phillips
The Treason of the Senate,A muckraker novel, it publicized corruption in the Senate after doing research on government leaders.
Sheppard-Towner Act
U.S. Act of Congress providing federal funding for maternity and child care, a response to the lack of adequate medical care for women and children
Margaret Sanger
United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood
Niagara Movement
A group of black and white reformers who organized the NAACP in 1909
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality
Guinn v US
Fifteenth Amendment- declared Grandfather Clause unconstitutional
Buchanon v Warley
held that a Louisville, Kentucky, city ordinance prohibiting the sale of real property to African Americans violated the Fourteenth Amendment, which protected freedom of contract
padroni
A term used for Italian labor contractors.
Leonidas Skliris
the king of greeks in utah
Birds of Passage
immigrants who arrived between 1820-1900 who evetually returned to their country of origin
Americanization
assimilation into American culture
coyotes
people who smuggle illegal immigrants across the border for cash
barrios
a crowded inner-city area
Samuel Gompers
United States labor leader (born in England) who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1924 (1850-1924)
IWW (Wobblies)
Industrial workers of the world, most radical group. Under Haywood, envisioned utopian state run by workers. Small group, but accepted blacks, women, and immigrants
Bill Haywood
Leader of the IWW
Five Dollar Day
the payment by Ford after mass production and the assembly line had increased productivity. Ford announced this increase in wages, decrease in maximum hours, and establishment of a personnel department.
Amoskeag
textile mill; produced nearly 50 miles of cloth per hour; looked for total loyalty in return of treating workers as children; employess took pride in their work – well-turned-out product provided dignity and self-esteem
Irving Berlin
United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989)
DW Griffith
groundbreaking American film director, directed The Birth of a Nation
ASCAP
American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers
Ashcan School
early 20th-century United States painting