Chapter 21 Absolutism

Question Answer
Which events on your timeline strengthened the French monarchy? Which weakened it? Strengthened—1643, Louis XIV becomes king; 1661, Louis takes control of government;Weakened—1701-1713, War of Spanish Succession
What impact did the French religious wars have on French thinkers? French religious wars turned French thinkers to skepticism, the idea that nothing could ever be known for certain.
What was the result of the war of the Spanish Succession? Britain took Gibraltar from Spain, this is a fortress that controlled the entrance of Mediterranean. Spain granted a British company called the asiento to be able to bring enslaved African Americans to Spain’s American colonies.
Many historians think of Louis XIV as the perfect example of an absolute monarch. Do you agree? Why or Why not? He controlled the economy, regulated worship, weakened the nobility, and built a magnificent palace to show his power.
To what extent did anti-Protestantism contribute to Louis’s downfall? Cancelling the Edict of Nantes cost France many skilled workers, and wars against Protestant countries damaged the French economy.
Who was Cardinal Richelieu? A hard working leader of the Catholic Church in France
What was skepticism? A philosophy based on the idea that nothing can be known for certain.
Who was Louis XIV? The most powerful ruler in French History
Who was Charles I? James' Son, needed money for the war with Spain and France.
Why was the death of Charles I revolutionary? Because kings had often been over thrown but none had ever been trialed in public and executed in public.
What rights were guaranteed by the Habeas Corpus Act? It says that a monarch could not put someone in jail for simply opposing the ruler. It was also turned into a law that gave every prisoner the right that the prisoner be brought before a judge to specify the charges against the prisoner.
Why do you think James II fled to France when William of Orange led his army of London? Because he was Catholic and English protestants were very powerful and didn't want a Catholic king. He may have also had to have killed his own daughter.
How did the policies of Colbert and Louis XIV affect the French economy? Explain both positive and negative effects. Helped / Positive – Built up and protected French industriesHurt / Negative – Drove out Huguenots and overspent on buildings and wars.
To what extent did anti-Protestantism contribute to Louis’s downfall? Cancelling the Edict of Nantes cost France many skilled workers, and wars against Protestant countries damaged the French economy.
What was an Intendant? A French government official appointed by the monarch to collect taxes and administer justice
What was the Constitutional Monarchy? A system of governing in which the ruler’s power is limited by Law.
What conditions in England made the execution of one king and the overthrow of another possible? Because the idea that the kings power should be limited by the law led people to be outraged at Charles I dissolving parliament and James II breaking the law.
What patterns do you see in the causes of these conflicts? (Chapter 21 Section 5) James I and Charles I both fought with parliament over money and refused to make parliaments desired reforms. James II ignored English law and dissolved parliament. All three ignored the power of the law and parliament.
Who was Oliver Cromwell? He was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
What was the Restoration? The period of Charles II’s rule over England, after the collapse of Oliver Cromwell’s government.

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