chapter 16

word def
caravel a light fast taveling ship with a rudder an lateen sails
henry the navigator son of king john I of portugal , patron and supporter of explorers
vasco de gama portugese explorer who traveled to calicut , india in 1947
christopher columbus italian sailor who traveled west to reach china , but discoverd the carribean islands instead
fernidad maggelam first explorer to attempt the circumnavigate the globe ;whilehe was killed on the way some of them completed the journey
circumnavigate travel completley around the world
sir francis drake english explorer, second man to circumnavigate the world
henry hudson a dutch sailor who looked unsuccessfully for the northwest passage and explored hudson river
econemedia a spanish system in wich a colonist received land and native american workers to whom he was required top teach christianity
hernan cortes spanish explorer and conquerer of the spanish aztec empire
conquistador spanish term for conquerer of the mexico aztec empire
moctzuema II aztec emporer at the time of corte's conquest of mexico
francisco pizzario conqueror of the inca empire in peru forthe spanish
atahuapla ruler of the inca empire killed by spanish invaders led by pizzario
viceroys officials who ruled large land area of spain of american colonies in the kings name
bartolome de las casas spanish priest who crictizized treatment of the native american suggesting that , suggesting that slaves from africa should be used
treaty of tordesillas treaty signed in 1493 dividin the americans between spain
colombian exchange the exchange of plants animals , and disease due to contact
merchantalism the european economic that called for nation to gain wealth in order to build a strong military
balance of trades the amount of goods sold from a country against those who purchased from other countries a favorable balance of trade meant selling more goods
subsidies grants of money given by the goverment for purpose such as helping people get a new business
capitalism economic system in wich a private individual rather then goverments preform most of the economic activity
join stock company a company in wich investors buy shares of the stock receiving a portion of the profit , but losing if the investment failed
plantations estates in the american where cash drops were grown on a large scale
triangular scale trading network that brought goods from europe to africa to be traded for slaves , took the slaves to the americans to be sold
middle passage name for a second leg of the triangle , bringing captive africans to america , where they where sold as slaves
olaudah equiano afrtican who wrote abou the horrific conditions , africans endured on in the middle passage voyage
african diaspora the spread of people ofthe african descent throught the americans and the western europe as a result of the slave trade , eventually spreading african culture throughout the western world

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