Chapter 14: Risk Management and Worker Protection

Security Audit
a comprehensive review of organizational security
Employee Assistance Program (EAP)
Program that provides counseling and other help to employees having emotional, physical, or other personal problems
Wellness Programs
Programs designed to maintain or improve employee health before problems arise
Substance Abuse
Use of illicit substances or misuse of controlled substances, alcohol, or other drugs
Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs)
Muscle and skeletal injuries that occur when workers repetitively use the same muscles to perform tasks
Ergonomics
Study and design of the work environment to address physical demands placed on individuals
Security
Protection of employes and organizational facilities
Safety
Condition in which the physical well-being of people is protected
Health
General state of physical, mental, and emotional well-being
Risk Management
Involves responsibilities to consider physical, human, and financial factors to protect organizational and individual interests
Lock-out/tag-out relations
Requirements that blocks and tags be used to make equipment inoperative for repair or adjustment
Health Promotion
A supportive approach of facilitating and encouraging healthy actions lifestyles among employees
Behavior-based safety (BBS) approaches
Efforts to reduce risky behavior and increase safe behavior by defining unsafe behavior and attempting to change it
Fitness-for-Duty Tests
Detects work performance safety problems before putting a person behind dangerous equipment