process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion, and distribution of ideas , goods, and services to create exchanges that satisfy individual and organizational objectives
designing, developing, maintaining, improving, and acquiring products and services that meet consumer needs.
involves determining the best ways for customers to locate, obtain, and use the products and services of n organization.
communicating directly with potential customers to determine and satisfy their needs.
obtaining, managing and using market information to improve businesses decision making and the performance of marketing activities.
budgeting for marketing activities, obtaining the necessary funds needed for operations, and providing financial assistance to customers so they can purchase the businesses products and services.
setting a communicating the value of products and services.
communicating information about products and services to potential customers.
A company’s plan that identifies how it will use marketing to achieve its goals.
specific group of consumers that have similar wants and needs
the blending of four marketing elements-product, distribution, price, and promotion
considers the needs of a customers when devolving a marketing mix
persons who buy products and services mostly for their own use
persons, companies, and organizations that buy products for the operation of a business , for incorporation into the other products and services, or for resale to their customers
Consumer decision-making process
the specific sequence of steps consumers follow to make a purchase
the reason why a consumer decides what products and services to purchase
Emotional buying motives
reasons to purchase based on feelings, beliefs, and attitudes.
Rational buying motives
guided by facts and logic
finding solutions to problems through carefully designed studies involving consumers
analyzing existing information gathered for another purpose but used to solve a current problem
studies carried out to gather new information specifically directed at a current problem
information from people using a carefully planned set of questions
less structure way of gathering the ideas, experiences, and opinions of consumers
collect information by recording the actions of consumers rather than asking them questions
presents two carefully controlled alternatives to subjects in order to determine which is preferred or has better results
everything a business offers to satisfy a customers needs
when customers are offered choices of features
provides a unique identification for a company’s products
provides protection and security for the product before it is use
activities that are consumed at the same time they are produced
meaning that they have no physical form
meaning that they are consumed at the same time they are produce
meaning that the availability of a service must match the demand for that service at a specific time
meaning that there will be differences in the type and quality of service provided
is the money a customer must pay for a product or service
price paid by the customer for the product
the costs to the manufacturer of producing the product or the price paid by other businesses to buy the product
all expenses of operating the business that are associated with the product
the amount of money available to the business after all the cost and expenses have been paid
the difference between the selling price and the product costs
the amount added to the cost of the product to set the selling price
reduction from the original selling price.
the locations and methods used to make a product or service available to the target market
Channel of Distibution
the route a product follows and the businesses involved in moving a product from the producer to the final consumer
the businesses that take part in a channel of distribution
direct channel of distribution
products move from the producer straight to the consumer with no organizations participating
indirect channel of distribution
includes one or more other businesses between the producer and the consumer
well-known and important part of distribution channels for the consumer products
any form of communication used to inform, persuade, or remind
the exchange of information so there is common understanding by all participants
preparing the information to be communicated
the receiver obtains the information from the channel and interprets it for understanding
to be sure that communication achieved the desired result, the sender needs to have a response from the receiver
is direct, individualized communication with prospective customers to asses their needs and assist them in satisfying those needs with appropriate products and services
any paid form of communication through mass media directed at identified consumer to provide information and influence their actions