NEEDS AS A RESULT OF A PROBLEM
Who plans the facility? should be architect, professionals, etc.
General Criteria for Planning Sport/Activity Facilities
1. Serves the Identified Needs
2. Quality Construction and Safety Considerations
4. Secluded Location
5. Easily Accessible
6. Cost Effective
7. Easily Supervised
8. Custodial/Maintenance Efficient
Parking facility construction costs are affected by size per space, size and shape of site
(small and irregular shaped sites increase unit costs), number of levels (more levels
increase unit costs), topography (slopes and poor soil conditions increase costs), design
(exterior aesthetic treatments can increase costs), and geographic location. Structured
parking involves a trade-off between construction and land costs. Structured parking
typically becomes cost effective when land prices exceed about $1 million per acre.
Table 5.4.3-1 Parking Structure Construction Costs3
City Cost Per Space City Cost Per Space
Atlanta $14,028 Los Angeles $16,842
Baltimore $14,479 Miami $14,043
Boston $17,947 Minneapolis $17,079
Charlotte $12,441 New Orleans $13,825
Chicago $17,869 New York $20,326
Cleveland $15,474 Philadelphia $17,604
Denver $14,774 St Louis $15,178
Dallas $13,281 San Francisco $19,253
Detroit $16,049 Seattle $16,158
Kansas City $15,878 National Average $15,552
Clearly, surface parking is the least expensive to construct, averaging about $1,500 to $2,000 per space depending on zoning requirements for parking dimensions and landscaping
A. accessibility —- ADA ACT
B. environmental quality: air, noise, safety
C. sharing existing facilities
D. unconventional sites:
2. Facility Design:
Sources for information: other existing facilities, photos, blueprints,
a. be realistic about financing
b. establish your optimum plan and what is minimally acceptable
c. safety and adherence to federal and state codes
sprinkler systems and handicapped access, exterior signage,
the building itself, and parking space must adhere to city,
state, and federal regulations.
Equality for male and female facilities should be designed
traditional: brick, wood, concrete
air support structures:
advantage: low cost, seasonally, low maintenance costs, fire and
disadvantage: shorter life span, indoor temperature hard to control
in some climates, vandalism
1. Flooring: concrete, carpeting, wooden, tile, linoleum, suspended
evaluate for safety: slipping, tripping, attractiveness, durability
2. Walls recessed fixtures, mirrors, paneling, wallpaper, art
3. Ceilings: light color, but not white in gymnasium, acoustic
4. Lighting: natural vs artificial, recessed for safety (volleyball,
5. Air-Quality Control: 64-72 degrees HUMIDITY 40-60% AIR MOVEMENT
6. Corridors: handicapped, door open outward
7. Storage and Office areas:
Dressing areas: amenities, separation of shower and sinks, etc.
Wet areas: non-slip flooring, handicapped
Fences: safety, security, privacy, decreases amount of maintenance, traffic control. Chain link, wood, block, brick.
Surfaces: graded so center is 2% higher than edges for drainage
1. Nonturf surfacing: concrete, blacktop, synthetic.
Advantages: year round use, low installation and maintenance costs
2. Natural turf: maintenance is difficult and expensive: advantages: pleasing appearance,
versatile, nonabrasive & safe, costs less to install than artificial turf.
3. Artificial Turf: high durability, year round usability, low cost of maintenance.
Orientation of playing areas and fields:
goals should be oriented so players run perpendicular to sun’s light. Baseball: batter looks
north or south when facing the pitcher.
Lighting: night use?
Maintenance: pH, chlorine, bromine, and ozone generators are good
Food Service: keep away from workout areas.
Facility Supervision and Security
Facility Maintenance: maintenance coordinator:
works well with others, responsibility, organized, mechanical ability
Inventory Control: control loss and theft; for ordering and reordering
Engraving tools, stamps, markers, decals to identify.
Check out systems: proper ID card
Recommended Priority Order
1. physical education classes (academics)
2. athletic practices and contests (athletics)
3. intramural/recreational sports
4. other campus groups — academic
5. other campus groups – non-academic
6. off-campus groups