ch.9

Term Definition
political party A political party is a group of voters organized to support certain public policies.
two-party system A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government.
third party In electoral politics, a third party is any party contending for votes that failed to out poll either of its two strongest rivals or, in the context of an impending election, is considered highly unlikely to do so.
platform A political party platform or platform is a formal set of principal goals which are supported by a political party or individual candidate, in order to appeal to the general public.
plank any one of the stated principles or objectives comprising the political platform of a party campaigning for election
national committee the chief executive agency of a political party usually consisting of members chosen by the national convention to represent geographical areas or constituent elements.
caucus A caucus is a meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement.
precinct Also called precinct house. the police station in such a district.
ward Also called ward of court. a person, esp a minor or one legally incapable of managing his own affairs, placed under the control or protection of a guardian or of a court. guardianship, as of a minor or legally incompetent person.
political machine A political machine is a political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses usually campaign workers, who receive rewards for their efforts.
direct primary An election in which voters choose candidates to run on a party's ticket in a subsequent election for public office.
closed primary A type of direct primary limited to registered party members, who must declare their party affiliation in order to vote.
open primary A type of direct primary open to voters regardless of their party affiliation.
plurality Plurality system, electoral process in which the candidate who polls more votes than any other candidate is elected.
majority A majority government is a government formed by a governing party that has an absolute majority of seats in the legislature or parliament in a parliamentary system.
petition a written document signed by a large number of people demanding some form of action from a government or other authority.

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