Term Definition
Circuit the area of jurisdiction of a federal of appeals
jurisdiction a court's authority to hear and decide cases
exclusive jurisdiction authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases a sta
concurrent jurisdiction authority for both state and federal governments
district court federal court where trails are held and lawsuits are begun
original jurisdiction a law, usually of a city or country
appeals court a court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts
appellate jurisdiction the authority of a count to hear a case appealed from a lower court a court
remand to send a case back to a lower court to be tried again
opinion a detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind a court's decision in a case
precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
judicial review the power of the supreme court to say whether any federal, state or local law or government action goes against the constitution
constitutional in accordance with the constitution
docket a court's calendar, showing the schedule of case it is to hear
brief a written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case
majority opinion a statement that presents the views of the majority of supreme court justices regarding a case
concurring opinion a statement written by a justice who votes with the majority, but for different reason
dissenting opinion a statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her opinion
stare decisis the practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases

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