Bus Prin: Chpt 4 -Strikes, Unions, and Collective Bargaining

Arbitration
A process by which workers and management work with a third-party mediator to resolve contract disputes.
Collective bargaining
The process by which unions and management negotiate the provisions of a new contract, including benefits and pay.
Collective agreement
The end result of collective bargaining, delineating worker benefits and management’s responsibilities.
Dues
The regular payments due by union workers to the union.
Picket line
A line created by striking employees outside their place of employment.
Scab
A pejorative term used to refer to union and non-union employees who cross the picket line and report to work.
Strike
An action in which unionized workers leave their jobs and refuse to return to work until certain demands are met by management.
Union
An organized group of workers who bargain collectively with management in an attempt to get their demands met such as higher wages or better working conditions.
Union organizer
An individual who helps employees organize a union at their place of work.
blacklist
A list of “troublemaker” workers who tried to organize a union or strike
injunction
A court order prohibiting a party from a specific course of action. (Ex. Strike)
craft/trade union
a union of persons working in the same trade
lockout
A refusal to let employees work until they agreed to management demands
Knights of Labor
First attempt to create a union. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership. Organization failed.
American Federation of Labor
1886; founded by Samuel Gompers; sought better wages, hours, working conditions; skilled laborers. Had practical goals.
Terence Powderly
Knights of Labor leader, opposed strikes. He opened his union to skilled and unskilled workers.
Samuel Gompers
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor. He provided a stable and unified union for skilled workers.
Taft-Hartley Act
Declared certain union activities to be unfair labor practices and provided passage of state right to work law
Landrum Griffin Act
Gave department of labor (DOL) the right to police the internal affairs of union and established standards for treatment of union members by the union
unfair labor practice strike
employer must reinstate striking workers
Mediation
Mediator is mutually agreed upon by both parties, they assist the parties in resolving the dispute
non binding Arbitration
parties are not bound by the award
Binding arbitration
arbitrators award is final and binding, dictates the terms of the settlement, voluntary v. compulsory
union acceptance
union is viewed as a legitimate representative, bargaining is appropriate for work place rules
union substitution
implement HR practices meeting employee needs. remove incentives for unionization
Mother Jones
She fought to end child labor
Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Law
EEO Laws that prohibit companies from discriminating against workers
Occupational Safety and Health Laws
Law that requires employers to comply with safety and health standards established by federal, state, and local governments.
Wage-hour laws
Law establishing minimum wage, overtime, and child labor standards for employees.
Benefits Law
Guarantees that workers will receive certain benefits regardless of what happens to them on the job.
Labor Relations Law
Laws that protect the right of the employees to organize into unions to bargain collectively for better wages and working conditions.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
companies cannot discriminate against an employee because of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.