Biology 3.2

Term Definition
What is a Nucleus, and what does it do? It is a storehouse for most of the genetic information, or DNA in a cell
What is the Endoplasmic Rectilum, and what does it do? A system of membranes in cytoplasm and helps production of proteins
What are Ribsomes, and what do they do? Tiny Organelles that link amino acids together to make proteins
What is the difference of Animal and Plant cells? Animal cells don't have a cell wall. The Plant cell has a Cell Wall, Chloroplast, and a Central Vacuole
What does the Golgi Apparatus do? It helps make a package materials and transport it out of the cell
What is the function of Mitochondria? A bean-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and has it's own ribosomes, and DNA.
What do Vacuoles do? Used for the storage of materials needed by a cell
What are Lysosomes, and what do they do? Membranes-bound organelles that contain enzymes
What is a Cell Wall, and what does it do? A rigid structure that gives protection, support, and shape in plant cells
What is Chloroplast? An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs
What is a Cytoskeleton? A network of proteins that is constantly changing for the needs of a cell
What are Microtubules? Long hollow tubes that give the shape of the cell
What are intermediate filaments? They give the cell it's strength
What are Eukaryotic Cells? Cells that have a nucleus
What are Prokaryotic Cells? Cells that don't have a nucleus

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