BIO 160: Unit 4,-Ch. 11, 12, & 14

Which of the following is NOT a technique for managing wildlife?
Introduction of exotic species
Waterfowl present special wildlife management problems because
They are migratory
Salmon introduction in the Great Lakes has brought in millions of dollars from sportfishing, yet environmentally it has
decreased native fish populations and disrupted spawning.
Biodiversity is a broad term that describes the diversity of ______ in a region.
Species
Which of the following factors is NOT characteristic of a species likely to become extinct?
Generalized niche
Urban sprawl is best defined as
commercial development outside of cities on previously undeveloped land.
“Green buildings” have been built over the past few years using a standard called
LEED
An example of a local growth management action would be
to establish growth limits by restricting building permits.
Since 1940, the use of mass transit in North America has
Declined
Which of the following encouraged suburban growth?
Industrial growth and pollution; Increased population density in cities; Rising automobile usage
If fertilizers are applied just before a heavy rain,
nutrients are carried into streams and lakes and encourage unwanted plant growth.
Sustainable agriculture utilizes methods that
do not deplete soil, water, air, wildlife resources.
Integrated pest management requires
a complete knowledge of the pest’s life history.
Chemicals which are released by female insects to attract male insects are called
Pheromones
The Green Revolution refers to
the introduction of new plant varieties and farming methods during the 1950’s and 1960’s.
Complete extinction occurs when
All individuals of a species are eliminated
The Endangered Species Act of 1973
gave the federal government jurisdiction over any species that were designated as endangered
What does a red-cockaded woodpecker need that it cannot get from a well-managed forest plantation?
Old, diseased, living trees for nests
What does it mean when an area is designated as wilderness?
Human activity is severely restricted
Urbanization began to grow especially quickly after the
Industrial Revolution
What percentage of US federal recreational lands is designated as wilderness?
10%
Fertile soils have a balanced mixture that may contain
Organic matter, minerals, and earth worms
Beneficial insects are used in agriculture because they
Prey on pest insects
Organophosphates and carbamates were developed to replace chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides because they are
Less persistent in the environment
Pesticides that break down quickly in the environment are called
Non-persistent pesticides
Species diversity is the
measure of the number of different species in an area.
According to the World Conservation Union, the majority of threatened species are at risk due to
Loss of habitat and fragmentation
Patchwork clear cutting is a less environmentally-friendly method of timber harvesting than clear cutting.
False
Most species that exist or have existed on Earth are now extinct.
True
The value of biodiversity does not include direct economic value.
False
Humans do not significantly modify natural ecosystems.
False
Over the past hundred years, humans have decreased the species extinction rate.
False
Changes in the genetic information of an organism is known as
Mutation
Genetic diversity of a population can be affected by
Migration, Sexual reproduction, and Population size
Selective breeding has no affect on genetic diversity
False
Most large urban centers in the U.S. are located
On water
Europe has better urban mass transit systems than the U.S.
True
Reliance on the automobile in urban U.S. has caused significant pollution of
Air
Waterways have always been important to shaping land use for humans.
True
Loss of farmland can result from unplanned urban growth.
True
Floodplains and wetlands have historically been managed properly by humans.
False
Almost all population growth in the next _____ years will be concentrated in urban areas.
30
Sprawl impacts our quality of life by
Increasing commuting times and costs
Sprawl can impact the environment by causing fragmentation of open space and wildlife habitat.
True
Land-use planning is the construction of an orderly list of priorities for the use of available land.
True
In the U.S., environmental clean-up of Brownfield sites is overseen by the EPA.
True
The Green Revolution, is a term coined for world-wide increases in agricultural production that occurred in
1950-1970
Common ingredients in chemical fertilizers, often referred to as macronutrients normally include
Nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium
Currently, the use of pesticides is greatest in the more-developed world.
True
In order for food to be classified as Organic Food, the farmer
cannot use genetically modified organisms, chemical fertilizers or synthetic pesticides.
Agricultural chemical use includes insecticides and herbicides.
True
Monoculture requires large areas of land to be planted with the same crop because
Harvesting, planting, and cultivation is more efficient
Following the rapid advance of modern agriculture in developed countries,
developing countries have increased use of chemical pesticides.
Many companies are starting to recognize the value of environmental __________ to their long-term business success.
Conservation
Over the past decade there has been a lack of interest in sustainable agriculture.
False
Fertile soils have a balanced mix of minerals, organic matter, micronutrients and macronutrients.
True
Beneficial organisms can be used to control pests.
True
“Organically grown” is a legally defined term which requires that
Organic farms must be certified, increase soil fertility, and prohibits the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers
A genetically modified organism has had one or more
Genes altered
Which of the following is NOT a problem associated with pesticides?
Increased soil erosion
Early towns were usually built
Near rivers, lakes, and oceans
Sport hunting seasons are regulated to the fall so that
surplus animals are taken before the challenges of winter.
What invasive species is an external parasite of lake trout and decimated populations for more than 20 years?
Lamprey
Over the past few hundred years, humans have increased the species extinction rate by as much as
1000 times
A biodiversity hotspot is
an area where there is a large amount of biodiversity that is endangered
Biodiversity is a broad term used to describe the
Diversity of ecosystems, species, and genes
Which of the following is considered to be a biodiversity hotspot?
Caribbean, Central Chile, and Tropical Andes
Vacant urban industrial and commercial sites are referred to as
brown fields.
Which of the following choices best describes the graph above?
The majority of human population growth in this century will occur in developed countries, and that almost all of that growth will occur in cities.
Increased crop yields in the U.S. are the result of
The application of fertilizers; more efficient machinery; improved agricultural methods.
Bio magnification occurs most commonly in which organisms?
Birds of prey, carnivores, and large fish
Dairy farms and traffic noise are examples of
Aesthetic pollution
Which of the following is NOT an example of smart growth?
Increasing the green space between individual houses
Pesticide resistance is
Pesticide tolerant individuals who survive and reproduce, which makes the pesticide less effective for future pest generations
An individual can help to control the spread of invasive species by
Becoming informed about the issue, growing native plants, and not releasing non-native plants, fish, or other animals into water
Species are more likely to become extinct if they
Have both a low population density and reproduction rate
Which of the following is a characteristic of a perfect pesticide?
Would be inexpensive, affect only target organisms, and a short half-life
The major problem on federal rangelands is
Overgrazing
Biodiversity is a broad term that describes the diversity of ______ in a region.
species
Species diversity is the
measure of the number of different species in an area.
According to the World Conservation Union, the majority of threatened species are at risk due to
loss of habitat and fragmentation.
Patchwork clear cutting is a less environmentally-friendly method of timber harvesting than clear cutting.
False
Most species that exist or have existed on Earth are now extinct.
True
The value of biodiversity does not include direct economic value.
False
Humans do not significantly modify natural ecosystems.
False
Over the past hundred years, humans have decreased the species extinction rate.
False
The Endangered Species Act
gave the government power to use whatever measures necessary to stop the extinction of species.
Changes in the genetic information of an organism is known as
Mutation
Genetic diversity of a population can be affected by
All of the above
Selective breeding has no affect on genetic diversity.
False
Most large urban centers in the U.S. are located
On the water
Urban sprawl is best defined as
commercial development outside of cities on previously undeveloped land.
Europe has better urban mass transit systems than the U.S.
True
Reliance on the automobile in urban U.S. has caused significant pollution of
Air
Waterways have always been important to shaping land use for humans.
True
Loss of farmland can result from unplanned urban growth.
True
Floodplains and wetlands have historically been managed properly by humans.
False
Almost all population growth in the next _____ years will be concentrated in urban areas.
30
Sprawl impacts our quality of life by
increasing commuting times and costs.
Sprawl can impact the environment by causing fragmentation of open space and wildlife habitat.
True
Land-use planning is the construction of an orderly list of priorities for the use of available land.
True
In the U.S., environmental clean-up of Brownfield sites is overseen by the EPA.
True
The Green Revolution, is a term coined for world-wide increases in agricultural production that occurred in
1950-1970
Common ingredients in chemical fertilizers, often referred to as macronutrients normally include
nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Organophosphates and carbamates were developed to replace chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides because they are
less persistent in the environment.
Currently, the use of pesticides is greatest in the more-developed world.
True
In order for food to be classified as Organic Food, the farmer
cannot use genetically modified organisms, chemical fertilizers or synthetic pesticides.
Agricultural chemical use includes insecticides and herbicides.
True
Monoculture requires large areas of land to be planted with the same crop because
All of the above are correct
Following the rapid advance of modern agriculture in developed countries,
developing countries have increased use of chemical pesticides.
Many companies are starting to recognize the value of environmental __________ to their long-term business success.
Conservation
Over the past decade there has been a lack of interest in sustainable agriculture.
False
Fertile soils have a balanced mix of minerals, organic matter, micronutrients and macronutrients.
True
Beneficial organisms can be used to control pests.
True
An individual can help to control the spread of invasive species by
All of the above are correct
Over the past few hundred years, humans have increased the species extinction rate by as much as
1000 times
The number one cause of extinction is
Habitat fragmentation and loss
Sport hunting seasons are regulated to the fall so that
surplus animals are taken before the change of winter
Species are more likely to become extinct if they
have both a low population density and reproductive rate.
An example of a local growth management action would be
to establish growth limits by restricting building permits.
Dairy farms and traffic noise are examples of
aesthetic pollution
Urbanization began to grow especially quickly after the
Industrial Revolution
Which of the following is NOT an example of smart growth?
Increasing the green space between individual houses
Which of the following choices best describes the graph above?
The majority of human population growth in this century will occur in developing countries, and that almost all of that growth will occur in cities.
Pesticide resistance is
pesticide tolerant individuals who survive and reproduce, which makes the pesticide less effective for future pest generations.
Which of the following is a characteristic of a perfect pesticide?
All of these are correct
Sustainable agriculture utilizes methods that
do not deplete soil, water, air, wildlife resources.
Which of the following is NOT a problem associated with pesticides?
increased soil erosion
Integrated pest management requires
a complete knowledge of the pest’s life history.