BAD CH 18,19,23,24

Thalia is an employee of Universal Insurance Company. Universal’s employee manual states that workers will be dismissed only for good cause. With respect to the employment-at-will doctrine, this is
an exception based on contract theory.
Uri is an employee of Verity Security Services. For Uri to obtain the benefits of federal wage-hour requirements, Verity must be engaged in
interstate commerce.
Flem is an employee of Glo Goods, Inc. Flem reports to state officials that Glo is illegally shipping unsafe goods to unsuspecting customers. When Glo learns of Flem’s report, Glo fires him. He successfully sues Glo for wrongful discharge. With respect to the employment-at-will doctrine, this is
an exception based on public policy.
Cash is an employee of Drowsy Resort, Inc., covered by federal overtime provisions, which apply only after an employee has worked more than
forty hours in a week.
Ethan is seventeen years old. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, Ethan cannot work
in a hazardous occupation.
Hoppy, who works as an employee for Imperial Power Corporation, suffers an injury in an accident. Hoppy will be compensated under state workers’ compensation laws
only if the injury occurred on the job.
Over a forty-year period, Ewa worked in a variety of jobs. She was also occasionally unemployed, briefly hospitalized, and suffered a temporary disability. She retired last year. The key law on all of these subjects is
the Social Security Act.
Fruits & Vegetables, Inc., employs hundreds of seasonal and permanent workers, both skilled and unskilled, in seven states. Under the Immigration Act of 1990, Fruits & Vegetables can hire illegal immigrants
under no circumstances.
David’s family came to the United States from Ukraine in 1895. Eva’s family came to this country from Vietnam in 1995. Fiona’s family came from Mexico in 2005. Current immigration laws are based on
a system of sanctions against employers who hire illegal immigrants.
Mineral Mining Corporation is a U.S. employer. Mineral, and other U.S. employers, must perform I-9 verifications for new hires working under the employer’s direct supervision
including contractors and day workers.
Southwestern Foods Corporation operates a packaging plant near the border between the United States and Mexico. Due to the location, it would be easier for Southwestern to employ noncitizens. It is legal for a U.S. employer to
recruit persons not authorized to work in the United States.
Hu, Ivan, and Juana apply to work for King Meatpacking Company. These individuals’ identities and eligibility to work must be verified by
the employer.
Unity Production Company is suspected of employing illegal immigrants. The government conducts random compliance audits and other enforcement measures against those who might violate immigration laws through
the ICE.
Seafood Canning Corporation keeps a file of I-9 verifications forms. To inspect this file, the appropriate government officer must obtain
not a subpoena, a warrant, or the employer’s consent.
Socrates Software Corporation wants to hire Tomas, a noncitizen. To hire Tomas, Socrates must petition
Citizenship and Immigration Services.
Detailed Designs Company, an architectural firm, wants to hire Eduardo, a noncitizen. A temporary work visa is most likely to be set aside for a noncitizen who is
a “person of extraordinary ability.”
General Packaging Corporation, a U.S. employer, may hire Hilo, a noncitizen, if Hilo is
a lawful permanent resident of the United States.
Cody believes that Delta Corporation has discriminated against him on the basis of gender. Cody files a suit against Delta under Title VII. To establish a prima facie case of employment discrimination, Cody must show that
Cody is a member of a protected class.
Hu believes that he is a victim of a form of employment discrimination that falls under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. Compliance with this statute is monitored by
the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Lew, a member of a protected class, applies for a job with Mit-E Construction Company, but fails Mit-E’s employment test and is not hired. Lew believes that the test has an unintentionally discriminatory effect. If so, this is
disparate-impact discrimination.
Riki files an employment, gender-based discrimination suit against Superior Corporation under Title VII, on a disparate-impact theory. To succeed, Riki must show that Superior hires fewer women than the percentage of
qualified women in the local labor market.
Olly applies for a job with Petro Company. Petro does not hire Olly because of his ethnicity, or national origin. This is
disparate-treatment discrimination.
Svetlana, a fifty-five-year-old member of a racial minority with a disability, believes that she is a victim of employment discrimination. Potentially the most widespread form of discrimination is based on
age.
United Industrial Corporation gives preferential treatment in hiring and promotion to the members of all protected classes. This treatment results in discrimination against members of the majority. This is
reverse discrimination.
Research Statistics Corporation uses a merit system to pay its employees according to their job performance. Suki, a female, and Troy, a male, are Research employees with comparable jobs. Due to superior performance, Suki is paid more than Troy. This is
not discrimination.
Lloyd and Milly are employees of NuTech Corporation. They have the same job. Under the Equal Pay Act, NuTech can legitimately pay Lloyd more than Milly on the basis of
Lloyd’s greater production or seniority.
Greta is the only female employee in the maintenance department of Hydraulics Inc. Greta’s supervisor and co-workers tease and play tricks on her so relentlessly that she feels compelled to quit. This is
a constructive discharge on the basis of gender discrimination.
Rona is Stu’s administrative assistant and both work for TriCounty Labor Inc. Stu tells Rona that for sexual favors, he will give her an excellent performance review and recommend a raise. This is
quid pro quo harassment.
Fact Pattern 18-1
Kit, manager of Long-Term Care Company’s office in Metro City, decides to replace the office’s male employees with females. Nia, an assistant manager transferred from a different Long-Term Care office, refuses to cooperate. Kit retaliates against Nia, who quits. Within a year, the male employees also quit.

Refer to Fact Pattern 18-1. Kit’s conduct is most likely a violation of

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
Fact Pattern 18-1
Kit, manager of Long-Term Care Company’s office in Metro City, decides to replace the office’s male employees with females. Nia, an assistant manager transferred from a different Long-Term Care office, refuses to cooperate. Kit retaliates against Nia, who quits. Within a year, the male employees also quit.

Refer to Fact Pattern 18-1. Liability for Kit’s conduct most likely rests with

Long-Term Care, which should have known, and Kit, who acted.
Kyla is a salesperson for Liberty Financial Corporation. Micky is also a Liberty salesperson. Neil is Kyla and Micky’s supervisor. Owen is a Liberty customer. Liberty may be liable for sexual harassment to Kyla by
Micky, Neil, or Owen.
Piku files an employment discrimination suit against Quotient Accounting, Inc., under Title VII, based on its discharge of Piku. In these circumstances, possible relief under Title VII includes
damages or job reinstatement.
Fact Pattern 18-2
Lita replaces Manny in his job at Neighborly Business Corporation (NBC).

Refer to Fact Pattern 18-2. Manny believes that he has been discriminated against on the basis of his age. For the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 to apply

Manny must be forty years of age or older.
Fact Pattern 18-2
Lita replaces Manny in his job at Neighborly Business Corporation (NBC).

Refer to Fact Pattern 18-2. To succeed with an age-discrimination claim against CBC, Manny will have to show that

Manny is qualified for his job.
Silky Coordinates, a women’s clothing store, employs female attendants to assist customers in the dressing rooms. Radley, a forty-one-year-old male, applies for an attendant’s job, but is not hired. In Radley’s suit against Silky for employment discrimination under Title VII, the store has
a bona fide occupational qualification defense.
Cal sells “DownSize,” a weight-reduction program, from a Web site, in competition with Eat-Less Inc.’s product “Fit ‘n Trim.” Eat-Less files a suit against Cal, alleging in part that he is a sole proprietor, but his enterprise should be deemed a different form of business. Cal’s enterprise should most likely be considered
a sole proprietorship because Cal is a sole proprietor.
Leigh wants to go into the business of construction contracting. Among the reasons that would probably convince Leigh to set up his business as a sole proprietorship would be
its greater organizational flexibility.
Kelly, the owner of Llama Farms, a sole proprietorship, wants to obtain additional business capital but to maintain control. This can best be accomplished by
borrowing funds.
Carl sells Direct Marketing Enterprises, a sole proprietorship, to Erv. This is a transfer of
the ownership of the business.
Jim organized, and owns and operates, Jim’s Landscaping Service in the simplest form of business organization. This is
a sole proprietorship.
Guy and Hanna do business as G-H Associates. If G-H is a partnership, it is governed by the Uniform Partnership Act
in the absence of an express agreement.
Sabin and Tyler agree while talking on the phone to form a partnership. Their partnership agreement is legally binding
without more.
Bo and Clancy decide to do business as Marketing & Promotion Services. To be a partnership, this association can result from an agreement that is
oral, written, or implied by conduct.
Rona and Stiv do business as Treasure Island Traders. In acting on the firm’s behalf in a deal with Unlimited Potential, Inc., Rona makes an honest error in overestimating the profit. To her firm, Rona is
not liable.
Tundi is a partner in WooHoo! Amusement, a new partnership. A WooHoo! debt comes due. Tundi is
personally liable to the full extent of the debt.
Mabel and Nicol do business as One World Realty. In acting on the firm’s behalf in a deal with Property Acquisition Company, Mabel fails to account for the profit. To her firm, Mabel is
liable for breach of the duty of loyalty.
Rick and Sandy are limited partners in Total Profit Enterprises, a limited partnership. A limited partner has no right to
participate in the firm’s management.
Dunn and Etta are limited partners in Fancee Fashion Stores, a limited partnership. In terms of the firm’s books, Dunn and Etta are entitled to
total access.
Fay is a member of Garden Groves LLC. Like other members of limited liability companies, Fay’s liability for Garden Groves’s obligations resembles the liability of
a shareholder of a corporation.
CPA Accounting, LLC, is a limited liability company. If the law in CPA’s state is like the law in most states, unless the members have agreed otherwise, participants in the firm’s management will be considered to include
all members.
China Bank is a foreign entity¾a firm owned and operated by investors in a foreign country. With respect to an LLC in the United States, China Bank can
become a member.
QuizBooks LLC is a limited liability company. Like any other LLC, unless QuizBooks chooses otherwise, the firm will be taxed as
a partnership.
Build-Rite Construction Corporation and Deals-R-Us, Inc., combine their efforts to build an office and retail complex. Their form of business organization is
a joint venture.
Omega Corporation and Precision Coding, Inc., two software firms, wish to combine their research and development capabilities to make a special, limited edition computer game. The most appropriate legal entity for this project might be
a joint venture.
Owen, Paula, Quinn, and Rita combine to finance the building of Super Stores, a shopping mall. Their selected form of business organization is an investment group, or
a syndicate.
Loni, Michel, and Nita are investors in Oceanic Exploration, a business trust. A business trust is managed by its
trustees.
Dreem Land Corporation and EZ Investments Company transfer their property to Financial Managers, Inc., which manages the property and distributes the profits to Dreem and EZ. This form of a business organization is
a business trust.
As the beneficiary of a business trust, Kevin’s liability for trust debts and obligations is
nothing.
Vela and other farmers in Washington County form a business organization to provide, without profit, an economic service to its members. This is
a cooperative.
Instead of setting up a business to market her own products, Krissy considers entering into a distributorship franchise with Little Breweries Corporation. This involves the transfer of
a license.
Rafe is interested in buying a franchise from Sportz Rulez Company. In this transaction, the Federal Trade Commission’s Franchise Rule
enables Rafe to weigh the deal’s risks and benefits.
Nico is interested in buying a franchise from Oz Inc. For Nico to make an informed decision concerning this purchase, Oz must disclose in writing or online
material facts such as the basis of projected earnings figures.
Riley is interested in buying a franchise from Soft Shoe Corporation. Soft Shoe must disclose material facts that Riley needs to make an informed decision concerning this purchase, according to
the Federal Trade Commission’s Franchise Rule.
Pat enters into an agreement with Ole! Food, Inc., to operate a franchise in Region City. Later, Ole! grants franchises to others within the city, Pat files a suit to close them. This suit will likely
fail if Ole! did not give Pat exclusive rights to Region City.
Stacy contracts to buy a franchise from Tender Steak House Company. In this contract, as in most franchise contracts, the determination of the territory to be served is made by
Tender Steak House.
A franchise agreement between Simple Software Company and Total Game, Inc., is silent on a time for termination of the franchise. Simple may
terminate on reasonable notice.
Pricey Auto Corporation gives notice to Quint that Pricey is terminating their franchise arrangement. Winding up the business requires
returning Pricey’s property.
Star Resorts Corporation wants to terminate its franchise arrangement with Tony. Their contract does not provide for notice of termination or set a time for winding up the business. This means that to wind up, Tony
has a reasonable time, with notice.
Bret buys a franchise from Comida Mexicano Ltd. If their agreement is like most franchise agreements, it will specify that Comida can terminate the franchise
for cause only.
Jack buys a Kitchens, Inc., franchise, which the franchisor later terminates. In determining whether the termination was proper, a court will generally
balance the rights of both parties.
Edna and Flavia buy a boat that they dock in a marina near Gulfport, Mississippi. On the death of either owner, that owner’s interest in the boat passes to her heirs. This is
a tenancy in common.
Klondike and Leola own 10,000 shares of stock in My-T Gro Corporation. On the death of ether owner, that owner’s interest in the stock passes to the surviving owner. This is
a joint tenancy.
Clancy sells shares in Deepwater Pool & Spa Company to Eton. Clancy does not deliver the actual possession of the shares to Eton, but gives him the key to a safety-deposit box in First State Bank in which the stock certificates are locked. Presenting the key is
constructive delivery.
During the last years of her life, Barb’s chief companion was Sylvia. Barb told Sylvia that she could have a certain painting when Barb died. Barb died without a valid will. Her family refused to give the painting to Sylvia, however, who filed a suit to obtain its possession. Based on the decision in Case 23.1, In re Estate of Piper, the court will most likely rule in favor of
Barb’s family, because the painting was never delivered to Sylvia.
Nero and Olav each buy certain quantities of oil to sell to Petro Refinery, and agree to share storage costs until Petro can take delivery. The oil is commingled so that Nero’s oil cannot be distinguished from Olav’s. This is
confusion.
Lauren owns a 1967 Ford Mustang, which Mike customizes and details to Lauren’s specifications. The car earns several awards at regional vehicle customizing competition shows. The result of Mike’s efforts is
accession.
Rhett works at Scarlett’s Sandwich Café. After work, in the parking lot, Rhett finds a diamond ring lost by Melanie. Title to the ring is possessed by
Melanie.
Inadvertently, Bret leaves his briefcase at Clean ‘n Dry Launderers when she stops to pick up her clothes. The briefcase is
mislaid property.
Mona asks Ned if she can store her furniture in his garage while she serves a tour of duty with the U.S. Marines Corps. Ned agrees. This is a bailment for
the sole benefit of the bailor.
Roy leaves his Honda sport utility vehicle at Sam’s Auto Service for an oil change. This is a bailment for
the parties’ mutual benefit.
Sid borrows Tony’s paint sprayer to paint his house. Uma allows Vic to store his posthole digger in her shed. The party with a right to use the bailed property is
Sid only.
Owen takes a Paisley-made pinball machine to Quality Games, Inc., for repair. Lacking certain parts, Quality ships the game to Regal Repair Company. While in Regal’s possession, the game is damaged. Quality can recover for the damage from
Regal.
Ben allows Cody to store his trailer on Ben’s property for $20 a month while Cody is out of town. Later, Ben notices rainwater collecting in the trailer and covers it with a tarp at a cost of $40. This cost is most likely borne by
Cody only.
Stan is liable for the conversion of Tyler’s business law textbook
if Tyler proves that the book was in Stan’s possession when it disappeared.
Uri borrows Vera’s boat to enjoy for a weekend. Uri negligently runs the boat aground near Water’s Edge Beach, damaging the hull. Liable for the cost of repairing the boat is
Uri only.
Bob rents a golf cart at Country Club Golf Course. The brakes are worn, and while Bob is driving the cart, they fail. The cart crashes into a tree, and Bob is injured. Country Club could have discovered, with reasonable diligence, that the brakes were worn. Liability for Bob’s injuries most likely rests with
Country Club only.
GR8 Stores, Inc., hires Haul-Way Company, a common carrier, to transport fifty large-screen HDTVs from San Diego to Phoenix. En route, a pothole causes the truck to crash, damaging the goods. Liability for the damage most likely rests with
Haul-Way only.
BroadView Company arranges to have Carrier Corporation, a common carrier, transport 500 DVD players from New York to California. Dan is Carrier’s driver. BroadView will have no cause of action against Carrier if Carrier fails to deliver the players on time because
authorities are stopping and searching all trucks entering California.
Tab stores video equipment with U-Store-It, Inc., under a contract that excuses the warehouser from liability for any damage. A fire due to U-Store-It’s negligence destroys the equipment. The loss is most likely to be imposed on
U-Store-It only.
Venerable Company stores office furniture with Warehouse Storage, Inc. (WSI), under a contract that limits the warehouse company’s liability for lost or damaged property to $500. Venerable declines the option to pay a higher storage rate for an increase in the liability limit. The furniture is lost through no fault of WSI. The loss is most likely suffered by
Venerable only.
Bret obtains a fire insurance policy on his rental house with Continental Insurance Company. Like all insurance, this policy is an arrangement for
transferring and allocating risk.
Dhani is the beneficiary of a life insurance policy on Elmo’s life obtained from Famed Insurance Company. The insured under this policy is
Elmo.
Grace applies for a homeowners’ insurance policy on her house with Heroic Insurance Company through Ian, a broker. In this transaction, Ian is
Grace’s agent, and not Heroic’s agent.
Reno is the beneficiary of a life insurance policy on Sula’s life obtained from Thayer Insurance Company. The underwriter of this policy is
Thayer.
Mena applies for a homeowners’ insurance policy on her house with Neighbors Insurance Company through Obie, an agent who works for Neighbors. In this transaction, Obie is
Neighbors’s agent, and not Mena’s agent.
EZ Rentals Company wants to insure the equipment that it rents to the public. To obtain insurance, EZ must have an insurable interest in the equipment
at the time a loss occurs.
Rolling Transport & Storage Corporation wants to insure its warehouse to obtain the maximum possible recovery for the lowest possible premium. To obtain the maximum recovery under a coinsurance clause, the percentage of the value of the property that should be insured is
80 percent.
Donald applies for a life insurance policy with Equity Insurance Company through Fletch, an agent who works for Equity. Donald pays the initial premium. Fletch writes a binder, which
indicates that a policy is pending and states its essential terms.
Ginny obtains a health-insurance policy for her family from Hope Insurance Company. The policy includes an incontestability clause. Under such a clause, after a policy has been in force for a specified period or time, such as two or three years
Hope cannot contest Ginny’s statements in the application.
Holly obtains an insurance policy from Inviolable Insurance Corporation (IIC). IIC may cancel, or refuse to renew, the policy because of
none of these choices.
Kerin obtains a property insurance policy for her art collection from Lawton Insurance Company. Kerin can cancel the policy
at any time.
Edy obtains a homeowners’ insurance policy with First Source Insurance Company. First Source can cancel the policy
if Edy fails to pay the premiums.
Kelsy obtains a business liability insurance policy from Luminous Insurance Company for Kelsy’s Framing & Art Supplies store. When an event occurs that gives rise to a claim, Luminous has a duty to
investigate to determine the facts.
Isabel obtains a fire insurance policy on her home from Justice Insurance Company. The home is lost in a fire, but the parties dispute the amount of Justice’s liability under an ambiguous clause in the policy. A court would most likely
interpret the clause against Justice.
Speedy Shipping Corporation applies to TransInsurance Company for a fire insurance policy on Speedy’s warehouse. On the application, Speedy misrepresents the age of the property to obtain a lower premium. When a fire soon destroys the warehouse, TransInsurance can
deny payment, because of Speedy’s fraud in the application.
Chita owns the land on which Downwind Farm is situated, plus the farmhouse, barn, and other structures permanently attached to the land. Chita’s brother Elvin owns everything else on the farm¾implements, seed, and so on. The real property is owned by
Chita only.
Kailin owns a farm near Manhattan, Kansas, with a farmhouse, barn, and other structures permanently attached. Kailin grows soybeans on the property. A pond lies within the boundaries. Land includes
the pond, the soil, and the structures.
Luke owns a farm near Marshalltown, Iowa, with stands of trees serving as windbreaks. Luke grows corn on the property. When Luke sells the farm to Nina, if the contract does not specify otherwise, the sale includes
the crops and the trees.
Bakri owns a house. In the house, on a tile floor is a throw rug. Most likely to meet the definition of a fixture is
the tile floor.
Mix-It Concrete Company has the right to enter Nim’s land and remove the rock from Nim’s quarry. This is
a profit.
Patsy possesses twenty-four acres of remote, rugged land. Patsy has the right to use the property, including extracting silver from an existing mine, for life. Patsy also has the right to lease the land for a period not to exceed her life. Patsy’s ownership interest is
a life estate.
Region Construction Company has a right to drive its trucks across Staple Business, Inc.’s property, which is adjacent to Region’s office. This right is
an easement.
Moby leases from National Theater Corporation a theater in which to stage a series of concerts. Ollie buys a ticket to the series. What distinguishes Moby, a tenant, from Ollie, a licensee, is
the exclusivity of possession.
Opal conveys three acres of wetlands to Pristine Places, Inc., with a deed that warrants only that Opal held good title during her ownership of the property. This deed is
a special warranty deed.
Consumer Shops, Inc., signs a lease for a storefront owned by Downtown Building Company. Unlike a purchaser of real property, Consumer Shops
acquires only temporary possession of the premises.
Rural Holding Company (RHC) possesses farmland. RHC has the right to use the property, including harvesting the crops, for ten years. RHC does not have the right to extract the coal under the land. This is
a leasehold estate.
Jamal signs a lease with Kelvin to occupy a house on Leech Lake in Minnesota for the summer. Jamal’s tenancy is
a fixed-term tenancy.
Rafe signs a one-year lease with Suki to occupy an apartment in Lawrence, Kansas, near the University of Kansas. Rafe needs the apartment only for two semesters and may have to sublet it for the rest of the term. Rafe’s tenancy is
a fixed-term tenancy.
Xavier owns a duplex that he leases to Yvon and Zack. Xavier may sell
the duplex at any time.
Rita believes that Shady Grove Apartments, Inc., her landlord, has violated the law in a way that entitles her to withhold the rent. This remedy is generally associated with
breach of the implied warranty of habitability.
Now Shopping Mall Corporation leases space to Only U Stores and Pik-Ur-Choice, Inc. Later, Pik-Ur-Choice begins to sell items that are similar to Only U’s goods, and Only U abandons its space before the end of the lease term. Only U is liable to
Now only for the unpaid rent.
Hobby Farms, Inc., owns rural property that it leases to various tenants, including Ira. Ira’s transfer of his entire interest in the leased property to a Jason is
an assignment.
Bren leases an apartment from Cris for one year. After two months, she sublets the premises for the next six months to Dee, without obtaining Cris’s consent. Dee pays the rent for only four months. For the last two months of Dee’s six-month term, Bren is
liable for the rent, because Dee defaulted.
Fabio makes a living by farming near Gastric Combustibles, Inc., which has discharged pollutants into the area’s air and water. If Fabio brings a suit asking for an injunction against Gastric on the ground of nuisance, the court is most likely to rule in Gastric’s favor if
Gastric’s operation is the core of the local economy.
Oak Grove Residences, Inc., owns apartment buildings. Pedro leases one of Oak Grove’s apartments. Pedro’s transfer of his interest in the lease to Quito for a period shorter than the lease term is
a sublease.
Longhaul Trucking Company transports radioactive materials. Marla suffers from cancer. To succeed in a strict liability action against Longhaul, Marla must show that her injury was caused by
Longhaul’s operation.
Debris Disposal Center operates a recycling plant. Edwin and other Debris neighbors file a suit, alleging injuries from the plant. To succeed, they must show that Debris failed to use reasonable care if the suit is based on
a negligence theory.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the authority to regulate “any air pollutant.” Fresher Air Group, a private organization that supports cleaner air, can file a suit against the EPA to
compel the EPA to act or prevent it from acting.
Missoula, Montana, passes an ordinance to regulate waste disposal. The disposal of waste may also be regulated by
all other levels of government.
Midwest Power Corporation wants to build a nuclear power plant on private land, for which a federal permit is required. For this action, an environmental impact statement is
required.
Truckers Storage Depot, a private company, wants to build a warehouse on private land. For this action, an environmental impact statement is
unnecessary.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the authority to regulate “any air pollutant.” In issuing standards for the discharge of soot and other pollutants, the EPA
does not have to take economic costs into account.
Oil Refining Company’s plant emits hazardous air pollutants. Regarding these pollutants, the plant must use
the maximum achievable control technology.
Eminent Properties, Inc., wants to fill its wetlands to build Fieldview Homes, a residential subdivision. The Clean Water Act prohibits the filling of wetlands unless
the Army Corps of Engineers issues a permit.
Little City Company operates a public water supply system. Little City must send to every household that it supplies with water an annual statement describing
the source of the water, and any contaminants and health concerns.
Hydraulic Equipment Company makes its products without required pollution control technology, causing a discharge of oily waste into the nearby Idle Lake. This activity can result in
a criminal fine, imprisonment, an injunction, or damages.
Metro City operates its own municipal public drinking water system. With regard to pollutants, this system is primarily subject to
the Safe Drinking Water Act.
Fruitful Garden Company makes and sells pesticides. For the pesticides to remain on the market, the acceptable level of risk to people of developing cancer from exposure to the products is
one in a million.
ChemoCorp, Inc., makes and sells pesticides. If a substance is identified as harmful and the harm is imminent, the Environmental Protection Agency, among other things, can
conduct an inspection of ChemoCorp’s plant.
Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, before hazardous waste generated by Xtreme Industries, Inc., can be transported, the waste must be properly labeled and packaged by
Xtreme Industries, Inc.