Athletic Injury

an athlete has been hit in the head with no loss of consciousness.They are experiencing dizziness, and have some disorientation that resolves within 10 minutes. Based on the signs and symptoms, what grade is the concussion?
grade 1
An athelete has sustained a grade 1 concussion. If this injury is the athlete’s first concussion, when should this athlete be allowed to return to practice?
After being asymptomatic for 1 week
Management of an avulsed tooth includes all of the following EXCEPT which of the following?
scrubbing the tooth with a sterile gause pad to get the dirt off
Which of the following symptoms are not indicative of a serious eye injury?
excessive watering of the eye
When evaluating a unconscious athlete which of the following do you do first?
look for the possibility of impaired breathing
What type of injury has been sustained when the head is struck and the brain continues to move in the fluid, , contusing the opposite side of impact?
contrecoup injury
an athlete can return to participation following a concussion EXCEPT when which of the following occurs?
they have a slight headache
which of the following should NOT be done when managing a bleeding nose?
tilt the head back to decrease bleeding
which of the following eye injuries is painless and results in the athlete seeing floating specks, flashes of light, and blurred vision?
detached retina
Which of the following can be prevented by using a solution of 3% boric acid and alcohol?
otitis externa
which of the following tests is NOT used to test coordination following a head injury?
modified romberg
t/f acute conjunctivitis is due to allergens and is not highly infectious
false
which of the following organs has a lower risk of injury in sports activities?
liver
when palpating the abdomen, how should the patient be positioned?
supine with the arms by the side
getting the “wind knocked out” of you is characteristic of what condition?
blow to the solar plexus
which of the following conditions predisposes an athlete to injuries of the spleen?
hematuria
what is the danger associated with a ruptured spleen?
profuse hemorrhaging that could result in death
any athlete who receives a severe blow to the abdomen or back region should be instructed to check for what signs?
blood in the urine
what condition has an MOI of a direct blow to the thorax or a fall on a ball that compresses the rib cage?
costal cartilage injury
what are the solid organs within the abdominal viscera?
kidneys, spleen, liver, adrenals, and pancreas
abdominal rigidity and pain at McBurney’s point may indicate what condition?
appendicitis
which of the following is a complication of a ruptured appendix?
bacterial infection
a blow to the rib cage can contuse what structure?
intercostal muscles
t/f an athlete who is diagnosed with mononucleosis may engage is guarded contact if properly protected
false
which of the following muscles is not a part of the rotator cuff?
deltoid
the empty can test is used to determine injury to what muscle?
supraspinatus
what direction does the shoulder most commonly dislocate?
anteriorly
in a sternoclavicular sprain, the clavicle is generally displaced in what direction?
upward and anteriorly
what direction is an athlete’s arm in when an anterior glenohumeral dislocation occurs?
slight abduction and external rotation
prevention of shoulder injuries can be accomplished by all of the following EXCEPT for which statement?
development of extreme flexibility
each of the following athletes is prone to overuse injuries of the shoulder EXCEPT for which athlete?
bowlers
which of the following is the reason that impingement injuries occur?
reduction of the space through which the supraspinatus muscle can pass
which of the following is the mechanism for an acromioclavicular sprain?
a fall on an outstretched arm
a dislocated shoulder outwardly displays which of the following?
a flattened deltoid
in which phase of the throwing motions are the external rotators of the rotator cuff contracting eccentrically?
deceleration
which of the following tests is used to check for glenohumeral instability?
apprehension test
which of the following muscles is located on the posterior surface of the arm?
triceps
what are the motions of the elbow joint?
flexion and extension
lateral epicondylitis results from which of the following mechanisms?
repetitive extension of the wrist
if an athlete complains of burning and tingling or paresthesia in the fourth and fifth fingers, what structure may be damaged?
ulnar nerve
when an elbow is dislocated it is important to consider the possibility of what injury?
all of the above must be considered – fracture, tearing or pinching of the nerves, disruption of the normal blood supply
which of the following bones of the wrist is most commonly injured from holding an object
hamate
which of the following results from a rupture of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon?
jersey finger
what motions occur at the radioulnar joint?
pronation and supination
which of the following muscles attach to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus?
wrist extensors and supinators
which side of the forearm receives the most frequent impact, and therefore most bruising?
ulnar
t/f hyperextension forces usulally cause sprains to the elbow.
true
t/f complications from an elbow dislocation include injury to the median and radial nerves and the brachial artery
true