APUSH Chp 33

Warren G. Harding
one of the most corrupt presidents ever; died before any scandals came out
Ohio Gang
Harding’s poker buddies from Ohio who came with him to Washington only to get money
Charles Evans Hughes
secretary of state during Harding’s administration
Andrew Mellon
secretary of treasury during Harding’s administration
Herbert Hoover
secretary of commerce during Harding’s administration
Albert Fall
secretary of interior of Harding administration involved in Teapot Dome scandal
Harry Daugherty
attorney general of Harding administration who was more corrupt than the people he should have been prosecuting; illegally sold liquor permits
Adkins vs Children’s Hospital
reversed ruling of Muller vs Oregon; invalidated minimum wage law for women because women were now equal with men, according to 19th amendment
Esch-Cummins Transportation Act of 1920
encouraged private consolidation of the railroads and pledged Interstate Commerce Commission to guarantee profitability
Merchant Marine Act of 1920
authorized shipping board to dispose of wartime fleet
Railway Labor Board
cut wages of worker by 12% in 1922
Veterans Bureau
authorized to help veterans with hospital needs, food, etc
Adjusted Compensation Act
gave every soldier an insurance plan due in 20 years
Disarmament Conference
discussed the toning down of armies and navies of foreign powers, excluding Russia
Five-Power Naval Treaty of 1922
employed 5:5:3 ratio of battleships
Nine-Power Treaty of 1922
opened doors even wider in China
Kellogg-Briand Pact
aka Pact of Paris initiated by Coolidge’s secretary of state Frank Kellogg; outlawed all wars except defensive ones
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law
increased tariff on foreign goods to 38.5%
Charles Forbes
deserter from the army who stole money from the Veterans Bureau
Teapot Dome scandal
allowed Henry Sinclair to tap into oil reserves for a significant bribe
Capper-Volstead Act
exempted farmers’ marketing cooperatives from antitrust prosecution
McNary-Haugen Bill
an effort to keep agricultural prices high by allowing the government to buy surpluses and sell abroad; vetoed by Coolidge
John Davis
democratic nominee of 1924 election; loses to Coolidge
Dawes Plan
America loaned money to Germany, Germany gave it to France and England, France and England gave it to America to repay war debts
Albert Smith
democratic nominee for 1928 election; cathloic so didn’t win
La Follette
progressive third party candidate in 1924
Hoovercrats
southern democrats
Agricultural Marketing Act
meant to help farmers help themselves; to buy, sell, and store agricultural surpluses
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
raised Fordney-McCumber Tariff to 60%
October 29, 1929
Black Tuesday