APUSH Chapters 13-19

The Whigs offered all of the following proposals for the remedies of the economic ills facing America in 1837 except
proposal of the “Divorce Bill.”
Americans moved into Texas
after an agreement was concluded between Mexican authorities and Stephen Austin
The government of Mexico and the Americans who settled in Mexican-controlled Texas clashed over all of the following issues except
allegiance to Spain
Texans won their independence as a result of the victory over Mexican armies at the Battle of
San Jacinto
Texas gained its independence with
Help from Americans
Spanish authorities allowed Moses Austin to settle in Texas because
they believed that Austin and his settlers might be able to civilize the territory
One reason for the Anglo-Texan rebellion against Mexican rule was that
the Mexicans opposed slavery
Presidents Jackson and Van Buren hesitated to extend recognition to and to annex the new Texas Republic because
antislavery groups in the United States opposed the expansion of slavery
Most of the early American settlers in Texas came from
the South and Southwest
The “Tippecanoe” in the Whigs’ 1840 campaign slogan was
William Harrison
William Henry Harrison, the Whig party’s presidential candidate in 1840, was
made to look like a poor western farmer
Both the Democratic party and the Whig party
mass-based political parties
The two political parties of the Jacksonian era tended to
be socially and geographically diverse
Life on the frontier was
downright grim for most pioneer families
All of the following gave rise to a more dynamic, market-oriented, national economy in early nineteenth-century America except
government regulation of all major economic industry
Pioneering Americans marooned by geography
became ill informed and individualistic in their attitudes.
In early-nineteenth-century America
the urban population was growing at an unprecedented rate
The dramatic growth of American cities between 1800 and 1860
resulted in unsanitary conditions in many communities
“Ecological imperialism” can best be described as
the aggressive exploitation of the West’s bounty
George Catlin advocated
the preservation of nature as a national policy
The influx of immigrants to the United States tripled, then quadrupled, in the
1840s and 1850s
Ireland’s great export in the 1840s was
people
The Irish immigrants to early nineteenth-century America
were mostly Roman Catholics and hated the British
When the Irish flocked to the United States in the 1840s, they stayed in the larger seaboard cities because they
were too poor to move west and buy land
When the “famine Irish” came to America, they
mostly remained in the port cities of the Northeast
Native-born Protestant Americans distrusted and resented the Irish mostly because these immigrants
were Roman Catholic
German immigrants in the early nineteenth century tended to
preserve their own language and culture.
German immigrants to the United States
came to escape economic hardships and autocratic government
When German immigrants came to the United States, they
prospered with astonishing ease
Those who were frightened by the rapid influx of Irish immigrants organized
the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner
The sentiment of fear and opposition to open immigration was called
nativism
Native-born Americans feared that Catholic immigrants to the United States would
“establish” the Catholic church at the expense of Protestantism
Immigrants coming to the United States before 1860
helped to fuel economic expansion.
The “Father of the Factory System” in the United States was
Samuel Slater
Eli Whitney was instrumental in the invention of the
(B.) cotton gin
Most of the cotton produced in the American South after the invention of the cotton gin was
(B.) sold to England
The American phase of the industrial revolution first blossomed
(B.) with textile mills
As a result of the development of the cotton gin
(A.) slavery revived and expanded
The underlying basis for modern mass production was the
(C.) use of interchangeable parts
The early factory system distributed its benefits
(A.) mostly to the owners
Match each individual below with the correct invention. A. Samuel Morse B. Cyrus McCormick C. Elias Howe D. Robert Fulton 1. telegraph 2. mower-reaper 3. steamboat 4. sewing machine
(B.) A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3
The American work force in the early nineteenth century was characterized by
(A) substantial employment of women and children in factories
One reason that the lot of adult wage earners improved was
(E) the enfranchisement of the laboring man
In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the supreme court of Massachusetts ruled that
(B) labor unions were not illegal
The “cult of domesticity”
(D) glorified the traditional role of women as homemakers
Early-nineteenth-century American families
(E) were getting smaller
One of the goals of the child-centered family of the 1800s was to
(C) raise independent individuals
The effect of early-nineteenth-century industrialization on the trans-Allegheny West was to encourage
(A) specialized cash crop agriculture
With the development of cash-crop agriculture in the trans-Allegheny West
(C) farmers quickly faced mounting indebtedness
In the 1790’s a major transportation project linking the East to the trans-Allegheny West was the
(E) Lancaster Turnpike
Western road building faced all of the following problems except
(D) Competition from canals
The major application for steamboats transporting freight and passengers in the United States was on
(B) Western and Southern Rivers
The “canal era” of American history began with the construction of the
(E) Erie canal in New York
Construction of the Erie Canal
(A) forced some new england farmers to move or change occupations
Most early railroads in the United States were built in the
(A) North
Compared with canals, railroads
(E) Could be built almost anywhere
In the new continental economy, each region specialized in a particular economic activity: the South _________ for export; the West grew grains and livestock to feed _________; and the East _________ for the other two regions.
(C) grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles
As a result of the transportation revolution
(C) each region in the nation specialized in a particular type of economic activity
In general, _________ tended to bind the West and South together, while _________ and _________ connected West to East
(A) steamboats, canals, railroads
All of the following were legal questions raised as a result of the new market economy except
(E) who should own the new transportation network?
As the new continental market economy grew
(B) the home came to be viewed as a refuge from the workday world
A major economic consequence of the transportation and marketing revolutions was
(D) a steady improvement in average wages and standards of living
America’s early-nineteenth-century population was notable for its
(A) restlessness
Factors encouraging the growth of immigration rates in the first half of the nineteenth century included the
(A) rapid growth rate of the European population
The growth of industry and the factory system in the United States was slowed by
(B) the scarcity of labor
The Northeast became the center of early-nineteenth-century American industry because it had
(B) abundant water power
The growth of early-nineteenth-century American manufacturing was stimulated by
(A) the war of 1812
By 1850, America’s factory system was producing
(A) textiles
The concentration of capital for investment in large-scale enterprises in the early nineteenth century was promoted by the
(A) wider acceptance of the principle of limited liability
The turnpikes, canals, and steamboats as new transportation links generally encouraged
(A) lowering of freight rates
Clipper ships and the Pony Express had in common
(B) speedy service
Advances in manufacturing and transportation brought
(B) more prosperity and opportunity to most americans
The Deist faith embraced all of the following except
(A) the concept of original sin
Deists like Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin endorsed the concept of
(D) a supreme being who created the universe
By 1850, organized religion in America
(C) had lost some of its austere calvinist rigor
All the following are true of the Second Great Awakening except that it
(E) was not as large as the first great awakening
Unitarians endorsed the concept of
(C) salvation through good works
An early-nineteenth-century religious rationalist sect devoted to the rule of reason and free will was the
(A) unitarians
Religious revivals of the Second Great Awakening resulted in
(B) a strong religious influence in many areas of American life
As a revivalist preacher, Charles Grandison Finney advocated
(E) All of the above
The greatest of the revival preachers of the Second Great Awakening was
(D) Charles G. Finney
The Second Great Awakening tended to
(A) promote religious diversity
The Mormon religion originated in
(E) the burned-over district of New York
The religious sects that gained most from the revivalism of the Second Great Awakening were the
(C) methodists and Baptists
The Second Great Awakening tended to
(A) widen the lines between classes and religions
The original prophet of the Mormon religion was
(E) Joseph Smith
Which of the following is the least related to the other four
(B) William Miller
One characteristic of the Mormons that angered many non-Mormons was their
(D) emphasis on cooperative or group effort
Many of the denominational liberal arts colleges founded as a result of the Second Great Awakening
(B) lacked much intellectual vitality
Tax-supported public education
(E) was deemed essential for social stability and democracy
In the first half of the nineteenth century, tax-supported schools were
(A) chiefly available to educate the children of the poor
Noah Webster’s dictionary
(B) helped to standardize the American language
One strong prejudice inhibiting women from obtaining higher education in the early nineteenth century was the belief that
(E) too much learning would injure women’s brains and injure their health
Women became especially active in the social reforms stimulated by the Second Great Awakening because
(A) evangelical religion emphasized their spiritual dignity and religious social reform legitimized their activity outside the home
Two areas where women in the nineteenth century were widely thought to be superior to men were
(B) moral sensibility and artistic refinement
New England reformer Dorothea Dix is most notable for her efforts on behalf of
Prison and asylum reform
The excessive consumption of alcohol by Americans in the 1800s
(E) stemmed from the hard and monotonous life of many
Sexual differences were strongly emphasized in nineteenth-century America because
(D) the market economy increasingly separated men and women into distinct economic roles
One sign that women in America were treated better than women in Europe was
(C) that rape was more severely punished in the US
Neal Dow sponsored the Maine Law of 1851, which called for
(E) a ban on the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquor