APUSH Chapter 33

Adkins v. Children’s Hospital
Supreme Court case in 1923 that contradicted the previous Muller v. Oregon case. Since women had the right to vote, their special protection in the workplace was taken away.
nine-power treaty
1922. Treaty that was essentially a reinvention of the Open Door Policy. All members to allow equal and fair trading rights with China. Signed by (9) US, Japan, China, France, Great Britain, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, and Portugal.
kellogg-briand pact
an agreement between 15 nations outlawing war; eventually 48 other nations joined the pact; had no way of enforcing peace
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law
increased tariff on foreign goods to 38.5%
Teapot Dome Scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921. became symbolic of the scandals in the harding administration. Boyt!!!!!!!!!!!1,
symbol of government corruption during Harding’s presidency; government oil reserves were secretly leased to oil companies in exchange for financial compensation
McNary-Haugen Bill
it sought to keep agricultural prices high by having the government buy surpluses to sell abroad, vetoed twice by Coolidge
Dawes Plan of 1924
Negotiated by Charles Dawes, it rescheduled German reparations payments and opened the way for further American private loans to Germay
Agricultural Marketing Act
Established the first major government program to help farmers maintain crop prices with a federally sponsored Farm Board that would make loans to national marking cooperatives or set up corporations to buy surpluses and raise prices. This act failed to help American farmers.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
1930 , charged a high tax for imports thereby leading to less trade between America and foreign countries along with some economic retaliation
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929
Hoovervilles
camps built outside of major cities by people who had lost their homes during the great depression called hoovervilles because the people blamed pres. hoover for their situition
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Congress set up $2 billion. It made loans to major economic institutions such as banks, insurance companies and railroads.
Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act
measure outlaws “yellow dog” (antiunion) contracts and forbade the federal courts to issue injunction to restrain strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing
bonus army
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash