APUSH Brinkley, Chapter 23 – The Great Depression

“Black Tuesday”
october 29, 1929. all efforts to save stock market failed and it crashed.
Dust Bowl
-large area stretching from texas into the dakotas that experienced a major drought that stirred up major dust storms.
“Okies”
-families from the dustbowl travelling to california in search of better conditions
Scottsboro Case
-march 1931 nine black teenagers arrested and accused of rape. There was overwhelming evidence against this accusation but they were found guilty and eight of the boys were sentenced to death.
Orson Welles
– in 1938 he broadcasted “The War of the Worlds” which accidentally convinced many people that an alien invasion was occurring and created widespread panic.
Popular Front
-a broad coalition of “antifascist” groups on the left, most importantly the Communist Party
Bonus Army
-american veterans marched to demand that their bonus be paid by the government immediately. 20,000 marched into D.C. built camps around the city, Hoover ordered MacArthur to clear the marchers out, he exceeded Hoover’s orders and more than 100 marchers were injured.
John Steinbeck
– successful chronicler of social conditions in the 1930s. particularly Grapes of Wrath
Agricultural Marketing Act
– 1929; proposed in April 1929 before the stock market crash by Herbert Hoover in an attempt to assist the agricultural economy. Established the first major gov’t program to help farmers maintain prices by buying surpluses.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
-bill passed in 1932, established the RFC, a government agency whose purpose was to provide federal loans to troubled banks, railroads and other businesses.
Frank Capra
-Film director during the late 1930s and early 40s. Directed Mr. Deeds Goes to Town and It’s a Wonderful Life
Hoovervilles
-Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress
Clifford Odets
playwright who provided an explicit demonstration of the appeal of political radicalism in Waiting for Lefty (1935)
Erskine Caldwell
Tobacco Road (1932), which later became a long-running Broadway play, was an exposé of poverty in the rural South
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
-One of Herbert Hoover’s earliest efforts to protect the nation’s farmers following the onset of the Great Depression. Tariff raised rates to an all-time high.
Hindenburg
German dirigible that crashed in flames in Lakehurst, New Jersey (1937) after a transatlantic voyage; produced national reaction because of the live radio account by a broadcaster (“Oh the humanity! Oh the humanity!”)
John Dos Passos
trilogy, U.S.A. (1930-1936), attacked modern capitalism outright
Life Magazine
popular new photographic journal began publication in 1936 and quickly became one of the most successful magazines in American history; largest readerships of any publication in the United States; devoted some attention to politics and economic conditions of the Depression; best known for stunning photographs of sporting and theater events, natural landscapes, and impressive public projects
Richard Wright
major African American novelist, exposed the plight of residents of the urban ghetto in Native Son (1940)
Soap Operas
Daytime serials were sponsored by companies making household goods targeted at women (also produced/written by companies like Procter & Gamble).