APES Waste Disposal Vocab

Industrial solid waste
waste produced by industrial activity, such as textile mills, factories and mines. Minerals, pollutants, chemicals, and etc.
Municipal solid waste
waste that comes from towns and communities, such as trash, packing peanuts, bubble wrap, plastic wrappings, and etc.
E-Waste
Electronic waste, such as old discarded computers, electronic devices, any electronic device that can not be determined whether or not to be refurbished or resold, and ect.
Hazardous (toxic) waste
waste that is dangerous or potentially harmful to the environment, such as nuclear waste, corrosive waste, reactive waste, etc. All of which needs to be disposed of in special disposal plants.
Preconsumer (internal) waste
waste generated in a manufacturing process
Postconsumer (external) waste
waste generated by consumers’ use of products
Waste Management
the collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal, and monitoring of waste materials
Integrated Waste Management
Employing several waste control and disposal methods such as source reduction, recycling, re-use, incineration, and land filling, to minimize the environmental impact of commercial and industrial waste streams.
Primary (Closed Loop) Recycling
Production system in which the waste or byproduct of one process or product is used in making another product. For example, recycling waste newspaper to make paper-board or other types of paper.
Secondary Recycling
uses reclaimed post consumer materials as a source of material for new products
Compost
a form of recycling that mimics nature’s recycling of nutrients, one of the three principles of sustainability, and involves decomposer bacteria to recycle biodegradable organic material
Bioplastics
plastics made from corn, soy, some components of garbage, etc. etc. They are biodegradable and more sustainable because they can be composted
Sanitary Landfill
Waste disposal site on land in which waste is spread in thin layers, compacted, and covered with a fresh layer of clay or plastic foam each day
Environmental Justice
Fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, sex, nationality, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies
Biomimicry
Process of observing certain changes in nature, studying how natural systems have responded to such changing conditions over many millions of years, and applying what is learned to dealing with some environmental challenge
Bioremediation
The use of either naturally occurring or deliberately introduced microorganisms or other forms of life to consume and break down environmental pollutants in order to clean up a polluted site
CERCLA
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. This law created a tax on the chemical and petroleum industries and provided broad Federal authority to respond directly to releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances that may endanger public health or the environment
Brownfield
Abandoned or underused industrial or commercial facilities that are available for re-use.