AP Gov Chapter 8 Terms

Twenty Second Amendment
adopted in 1951, prevents a president from serving more than two terms, or more than ten year if he came to office via death or impeachment of his predecessor
Impeachment
the power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other “civil officers”, including federal judges, with “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.” This is the first step in the constitutional process of removing such government officials from office.
Executive Privilege
an implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress of judiciary
US Vs. Nixon
1974. Key supreme court ruling on power of the president, finding that there is no absolute constitutional executive privilege to allow a president to refuse to comply with a court order to produce info needed in a criminal trial
Twenty Fifth Amendment
adopted in 1967 to establish procedures for filling vacancies in the offices of the president and vice president as well as providing for procedures to deal with the disability of a president
Cabinet
the formal body of presidential advisers who head the fifteen executive departments. Presidents often add others to this body of formal advisers
Executive Agreement
formal government agreement entered into by the president that does not require the advice and consent of the US senate
Veto Power
the formal, constitutional authority of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, thus preventing their becoming law without further congressional action
Line Item Veto
the authority of a chief executive to delete part of a bill passed by the legislature that involves taxing and spending. The legislature may over-ride a veto, usually with a two-thirds majority of each chamber
War Powers Act
passed by congress in 1973, the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty-day period of peacetime (which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period
Pardon
an executive grant providing restoration of all rights and privileges of citizenship to a specific individual charged or convicted of a crime
Inherent Powers
powers that belong to the national government simply because it is a sovereign state
New Deal
the name given to the program of “relief, recovery, reform” begun by FDR in 1933 to bring the US out of the Great Depression
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
created in 1939 to help the president oversee the executive branch bureaucracy
Patronage
jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewards to friends and political allies for their support
Office Management of Budget (OMB)
the office that prepares the president’s annual budget proposal, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules
Executive Order
a rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law; all of these must be published in the federal register