AP Gov Chapter 13

What is the major responsibility of the Office of Management and Budget?

a. To prepare the president’s budget
b. Managing the White House staff
c. Reviewing regulations proposed by departments and agencies
d. To prepare the annual Economic Report of the President
e. To link key foreign and military policy advisers to the economy

To prepare the president’s budget.
he system of White House management employed by President John Kennedy, sometimes referred to as “wheels and spokes,”

a. involved a chain of command with a chief of staff who controlled almost all access to the president.
b. created a position from which the president personally took charge of even the minor details of decision making.
c. involved many aides equally participating in the decision-making process.
d. was unusually closed, with only the president and his two closest aides involved in most major decisions.
e. dispersed authority to numerous aides, each of whom had powerful decision-making power.

involved many aides equally participating in the decision-making process.
Which of the following is a member of the cabinet?

a. Secretary of the Navy
b. White House chief of staff
c. Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
d. Speaker of the House
e. None of the above is a member of the cabinet.

None of the above is a member of the cabinet.
The pocket veto can only be used

a. on appropriations bills.
b. when Congress is in session.
c. when a new president is about to take office.
d. when Congress is adjourned.
e. during a presidential election year.

when Congress is adjourned
Which amendment limits presidents to two terms?

a. Twenty-first
b. Twentieth
c. Nineteenth
d. Twenty-second
e. Twenty-third

Twenty-second
Impeachment of a president means that the president is

a. All of the above are true.
b. tried by the Senate.
c. convicted of a crime.
d. indicted by the House.
e. removed from office.

indicted by the House
The Budget and Accounting Act of 1921

a. took away presidents’ powers to recommend agency budgets to Congress.
b. permitted the president to submit an unbalanced budget.
c. mandated the president to submit a balanced budget.
d. gave presidents the power to recommend agency budgets to Congress.
e. decentralized budgetary decision making in Washington, D.C.

gave presidents the power to recommend agency budgets to Congress..
When a president vetoes congressional legislation,

a. Congress must form a joint committee to address the president’s complaints.
b. one house of Congress can override the veto if it votes to do so with a two-thirds vote.
c. the Supreme Court determines whether the law will take effect.
d. Congress can override the veto by a two-thirds vote in both houses.
e. there is nothing Congress can do about it.

Congress can override the veto by a two-thirds vote in both houses
The principal intermediary between the president and the public is the

a. vice president.
b. Congress.
c. media.
d. First Lady.
e. Executive Office of the President.

media.
As Richard Neustadt has argued, presidential power is probably best understood as the power to

a. harass.
b. command.
c. veto.
d. control.
e. persuade

persuade
Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001,

a. Congress cut off funding after sixty days.
b. the War Powers Resolution was ignored.
c. Congress passed a resolution authorizing the president to use force against Iraq.
d. Congress adopted a formal declaration of war against Iraq.
e. President Bush did not seek congressional support for the war in Iraq.

Congress passed a resolution authorizing the president to use force against Iraq
A midterm election is

a. a special election that may remove an official from office in the middle of the term.
b. a presidential election that occurs during a session of Congress.
c. a congressional election that is not accompanied by a presidential election.
d. held every two years.
e. one in which the incumbent is running for reelection.

a congressional election that is not accompanied by a presidential election
The scandal surrounding Richard Nixon’s administration that led to impeachment hearings was known as

a. Teapot Dome.
b. Watergate.
c. Iran-Contra.
d. Checkers.
e. the Camp David Affair.

Watergate
Which of these is NOT one of the four generally held points regarding impeachable offenses?

a. Impeachable behavior does not have to be a crime.
b. An impeachable offense must be against a specific article of the Constitution.
c. The offense should be grave for it to be impeachable.
d. Impeachment is an inherently political process.
e. A matter of policy disagreement is not grounds for impeachment.

An impeachable offense must be against a specific article of the Constitution.
Historically, those who identify with the president’s party give approval more than ________ percentage points higher than do those who identify with the opposition party.

a. 10
b. 20
c. 40
d. 50
e. 30

40
Studies have shown that once one takes into account the status of the president’s party in Congress and his standing with the public, presidents renowned for their legislative skills are

a. no more successful in obtaining congressional support than those considered less adept at dealing with Congress.
b. much more successful in gaining support for their domestic policies than for their foreign policies.
c. twice as successful in winning congressional support than other presidents.
d. most likely to reshape the contours of the political landscape.
e. most likely to be able to create opportunities for political change.

no more successful in obtaining congressional support than those considered less adept at dealing with Congress
The only president to resign his office was

a. Spiro Agnew.
b. Warren Harding.
c. Jimmy Carter.
d. Lyndon Johnson.
e. Richard Nixon.

Richard Nixon
Among recent presidents, the average approval ratings in public opinion polls have been

a. higher at the end of the president’s term than at the beginning.
b. slowly rising over the course of a president’s term(s).
c. over 75 percent.
d. below 40 percent.
e. higher at the beginning of the president’s term than at the end.

higher at the beginning of the president’s term than at the end
In order to impeach a president, it takes a

a. majority vote in the House of Representatives.
b. majority vote in the Senate.
c. unanimous vote of the Supreme Court.
d. two-thirds vote in the Senate.
e. two-thirds vote in the House of Representatives.

majority vote in the House of Representatives
Which of the following statements about the relationship between the presidency and the press is FALSE?

a. Recent studies of the news media have shown that the news is systematically biased toward the Democratic Party and toward Democratic presidents.
b. The person who most often deals with the press from the White House is the president’s press secretary.
c. The media are an important intermediary helping to interpret and analyze presidential activities for the public.
d. Reporters tend to focus on the most visible layer of the president’s personal and official activities, also called the “body watch.”
e. News coverage of the presidency tends to emphasize the negative.

Recent studies of the news media have shown that the news is systematically biased toward the Democratic Party and toward Democratic presidents
The War Powers Resolution may be considered unconstitutional because

a. it violates the president’s power as commander in chief.
b. it violates the president’s power to declare war.
c. it was struck down by the Supreme Court.
d. it violates the congressional power to appropriate funds for the military.
e. its use of the legislative veto may be considered a violation of the doctrine of separation of powers.

its use of the legislative veto may be considered a violation of the doctrine of separation of powers
he two oldest cabinet departments are

a. Education and State.
b. Treasury and Justice.
c. State and Defense.
d. State and Treasury.
e. Interior and Justice.

State and Treasury
In 1998, the Supreme Court ruled in Clinton v. City of New York that

a. the president could not line-item veto grant monies to urban areas.
b. a 1996 law granting the president the authority to propose rescinding funds in appropriation bills was unconstitutional.
c. the Clinton impeachment vote was unconstitutional.
d. a 1996 law granting the president the authority to propose rescinding funds in appropriations bills was constitutional.
e. the pocket veto was unconstitutional.

a 1996 law granting the president the authority to propose rescinding funds in appropriation bills was unconstitutional
Which of the following is NOT a constitutional power of the president?

a. Serving as commander in chief of the armed forces
b. None of the above; all are constitutional powers of the president.
c. Recommending legislation to Congress
d. Making treaties with other nations, subject to agreement of two-thirds of the Senate
e. Taking care that the “laws be faithfully executed”

None of the above; all are constitutional powers of the president
The fact that, following FDR’s decisive win in 1932, Congress began considering how to react to the Depression rather than whether to react is an example of the influence of a(n)

a. veto.
b. coattails election.
c. electoral mandate.
d. reelection contest.
e. Supreme Court opinion

electoral mandate
The Office of Management and Budget, the National Security Council, and the Council of Economic Advisors are

a. part of the president’s cabinet.
b. advisory bodies of the Department of State.
c. policymaking bodies of the Executive Office of the President.
d. the key liaison agencies between the president and Congress.
e. members of the White House staff.

policymaking bodies of the Executive Office of the President
According to the Constitution, a president must be at least ________ years of age.

a. 35
b. 40
c. 25
d. 21
e. 30

35
References by commentators on the presidency to there being “two presidencies” refer to

a. the differences between public and private presidential actions.
b. national security and domestic policy.
c. the first term and the second term of a president.
d. what the president originally proposes to accomplish and what the president actually does accomplish.
e. the president as candidate and the president as elected leader

national security and domestic policy
The executive power is discussed in which part of the Constitution?

a. Article I
b. Tenth Amendment
c. Article IV
d. Article III
e. Article II

Article II
The National Security Council

a. helps the president make policy on such matters as inflation and unemployment.
b. was established by President Roosevelt to manage foreign and domestic intelligence operations.
c. links the president’s key foreign and military policy advisors.
d. is composed of the heads of the three branches of the armed services and makes recommendations to the president on combat strategy.
e. was created by legislation to keep the president informed on foreign affairs.

links the president’s key foreign and military policy advisors
Presidential coattails refers to

a. fundraising parties the president hosts to raise money for congressional candidates.
b. a phenomenon resulting when members of Congress vote according to the wishes of the president.
c. a phenomenon resulting when voters who support the president cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president’s party.
d. the tendency for the president’s party to lose congressional seats in midterm elections.
e. the president’s power to appoint members of his own political party to cabinet posts and as personal advisors.

a phenomenon resulting when voters who support the president cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president’s party
A primary resource available to presidents for controlling the bureaucracy is

a. the power to appoint top-level administrators.
b. All of the above are true.
c. their unlimited power to offer patronage positions in the bureaucracy.
d. their ability to dismiss or fire most members of the bureaucracy.
e. control of the federal budget.

the power to appoint top-level administrators
Which of the following presidents had the greatest number of unsuccessful vetoes?

a. George W. Bush
b. Johnson
c. Clinton
d. George H.W. Bush
e. Kennedy

George W. Bush
The Twenty-fifth Amendment, ratified in 1967,

a. provided for the direct election of the president by the people.
b. specifically forced Richard Nixon from office.
c. granted 18-year-olds the right to vote.
d. limited the president to two terms in office.
e. created a means for selecting a new vice president when the office became vacant.

created a means for selecting a new vice president when the office became vacant
The constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for objecting to it is the

a. legislative veto.
b. pocket veto.
c. veto.
d. overdraft power.
e. power to persuade

veto
The War Powers Resolution was passed as a reaction to

a. America’s fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia.
b. America’s inability to keep the peace in Somalia.
c. America’s fighting in Iraq.
d. General MacArthur’s dismissal by Harry Truman.
e. America’s fighting in Korea

America’s fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia
The agency that reviews legislative proposals for the president is the

a. Council of Economic Advisors.
b. Office of Management and Budget.
c. Legislative Executive Agency.
d. National Security Council.
e. Executive Legislative Agency.

Office of Management and Budget
By the power to persuade, Richard Neustadt means

a. oratorical skill.
b. media savvy.
c. to command.
d. All of the above are true.
e. the power to get other people to do things they would not otherwise do.

the power to get other people to do things they would not otherwise do.
The perception that voters strongly support the president’s character and policies is called a(n)

a. confidence vote.
b. electoral mandate.
c. veto.
d. landslide.
e. pocket veto.

electoral mandate
How did the White House Communications Office choreograph George W. Bush’s address from the Abraham Lincoln announcing the end of major combat operations in Iraq?

a. They coordinated the shirts of the crewmembers.
b. They timed the event so that the sun would cast a favorable light on the president.
c. They placed a “Mission Accomplished” banner over the president’s head.
d. All of the above are true.
e. They positioned the Abraham Lincoln so that the shoreline was not visible.

All of the above are true.
Which of the following statements about presidents “going public” is FALSE?

a. John F. Kennedy was the first “television president.”
b. Presidents are not passive followers of public opinion.
c. In recent years, presidents have averaged more than one public appearance every weekday of the year.
d. Presidents’ appearances are often staged purely to obtain the public’s attention.
e. Dwight Eisenhower was the first president to use presidential speeches to gain policy support.

Dwight Eisenhower was the first president to use presidential speeches to gain policy support
Which one of these presidents only served one full term in office?

a. Bill Clinton
b. Jimmy Carter
c. Thomas Jefferson
d. George Washington
e. George W. Bush

Jimmy Carter.
Appointed to the vice presidency in 1973, he was the only one to become president having run for neither the presidency or vice presidency in the preceding election.

a. Gerald Ford
b. Nelson Rockefeller
c. Ronald Reagan
d. Jimmy Carter
e. Lyndon Johnson

Gerald Ford.
Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin Roosevelt each

a. decreased the role of the national government.
b. championed constraints on the scope of government and limits on domestic policy spending.
c. were ideologically conservative and operationally liberal.
d. blocked congressional-led government growth.
e. increased the role of the national government.

increased the role of the national government
Which of the following best describes the position of First Lady?

a. The First Lady is in charge of the president’s chief of staff.
b. First Ladies must only advocate one issue at a time.
c. Most First Ladies go on to hold a political office.
d. First Ladies must attend cabinet meetings.
e. It is not an official government position.

It is not an official government position
Who said, “Public sentiment is everything. With public sentiment nothing can fail; without it nothing can succeed”?

a. Ronald Reagan
b. George Washington
c. Bill Clinton
d. Abraham Lincoln
e. George W. Bush

Abraham Lincoln
Recent election studies show

a. that the party of the winning presidential candidate has been gaining an increasing number of seats in Congress.
b. the president’s party usually gains seats in Congress in midterm elections.
c. that many congressional races are determined by presidential coattails.
d. that presidential coattails no longer exist.
e. a diminishing connection between voters’ presidential and congressional voting.

a diminishing connection between voters’ presidential and congressional voting