a. To prepare the president’s budget
b. Managing the White House staff
c. Reviewing regulations proposed by departments and agencies
d. To prepare the annual Economic Report of the President
e. To link key foreign and military policy advisers to the economy
a. involved a chain of command with a chief of staff who controlled almost all access to the president.
b. created a position from which the president personally took charge of even the minor details of decision making.
c. involved many aides equally participating in the decision-making process.
d. was unusually closed, with only the president and his two closest aides involved in most major decisions.
e. dispersed authority to numerous aides, each of whom had powerful decision-making power.
a. Secretary of the Navy
b. White House chief of staff
c. Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
d. Speaker of the House
e. None of the above is a member of the cabinet.
a. on appropriations bills.
b. when Congress is in session.
c. when a new president is about to take office.
d. when Congress is adjourned.
e. during a presidential election year.
a. All of the above are true.
b. tried by the Senate.
c. convicted of a crime.
d. indicted by the House.
e. removed from office.
a. took away presidents’ powers to recommend agency budgets to Congress.
b. permitted the president to submit an unbalanced budget.
c. mandated the president to submit a balanced budget.
d. gave presidents the power to recommend agency budgets to Congress.
e. decentralized budgetary decision making in Washington, D.C.
a. Congress must form a joint committee to address the president’s complaints.
b. one house of Congress can override the veto if it votes to do so with a two-thirds vote.
c. the Supreme Court determines whether the law will take effect.
d. Congress can override the veto by a two-thirds vote in both houses.
e. there is nothing Congress can do about it.
a. vice president.
d. First Lady.
e. Executive Office of the President.
a. Congress cut off funding after sixty days.
b. the War Powers Resolution was ignored.
c. Congress passed a resolution authorizing the president to use force against Iraq.
d. Congress adopted a formal declaration of war against Iraq.
e. President Bush did not seek congressional support for the war in Iraq.
a. a special election that may remove an official from office in the middle of the term.
b. a presidential election that occurs during a session of Congress.
c. a congressional election that is not accompanied by a presidential election.
d. held every two years.
e. one in which the incumbent is running for reelection.
a. Teapot Dome.
e. the Camp David Affair.
a. Impeachable behavior does not have to be a crime.
b. An impeachable offense must be against a specific article of the Constitution.
c. The offense should be grave for it to be impeachable.
d. Impeachment is an inherently political process.
e. A matter of policy disagreement is not grounds for impeachment.
a. no more successful in obtaining congressional support than those considered less adept at dealing with Congress.
b. much more successful in gaining support for their domestic policies than for their foreign policies.
c. twice as successful in winning congressional support than other presidents.
d. most likely to reshape the contours of the political landscape.
e. most likely to be able to create opportunities for political change.
a. Spiro Agnew.
b. Warren Harding.
c. Jimmy Carter.
d. Lyndon Johnson.
e. Richard Nixon.
a. higher at the end of the president’s term than at the beginning.
b. slowly rising over the course of a president’s term(s).
c. over 75 percent.
d. below 40 percent.
e. higher at the beginning of the president’s term than at the end.
a. majority vote in the House of Representatives.
b. majority vote in the Senate.
c. unanimous vote of the Supreme Court.
d. two-thirds vote in the Senate.
e. two-thirds vote in the House of Representatives.
a. Recent studies of the news media have shown that the news is systematically biased toward the Democratic Party and toward Democratic presidents.
b. The person who most often deals with the press from the White House is the president’s press secretary.
c. The media are an important intermediary helping to interpret and analyze presidential activities for the public.
d. Reporters tend to focus on the most visible layer of the president’s personal and official activities, also called the “body watch.”
e. News coverage of the presidency tends to emphasize the negative.
a. it violates the president’s power as commander in chief.
b. it violates the president’s power to declare war.
c. it was struck down by the Supreme Court.
d. it violates the congressional power to appropriate funds for the military.
e. its use of the legislative veto may be considered a violation of the doctrine of separation of powers.
a. Education and State.
b. Treasury and Justice.
c. State and Defense.
d. State and Treasury.
e. Interior and Justice.
a. the president could not line-item veto grant monies to urban areas.
b. a 1996 law granting the president the authority to propose rescinding funds in appropriation bills was unconstitutional.
c. the Clinton impeachment vote was unconstitutional.
d. a 1996 law granting the president the authority to propose rescinding funds in appropriations bills was constitutional.
e. the pocket veto was unconstitutional.
a. Serving as commander in chief of the armed forces
b. None of the above; all are constitutional powers of the president.
c. Recommending legislation to Congress
d. Making treaties with other nations, subject to agreement of two-thirds of the Senate
e. Taking care that the “laws be faithfully executed”
b. coattails election.
c. electoral mandate.
d. reelection contest.
e. Supreme Court opinion
a. part of the president’s cabinet.
b. advisory bodies of the Department of State.
c. policymaking bodies of the Executive Office of the President.
d. the key liaison agencies between the president and Congress.
e. members of the White House staff.
a. the differences between public and private presidential actions.
b. national security and domestic policy.
c. the first term and the second term of a president.
d. what the president originally proposes to accomplish and what the president actually does accomplish.
e. the president as candidate and the president as elected leader
a. Article I
b. Tenth Amendment
c. Article IV
d. Article III
e. Article II
a. helps the president make policy on such matters as inflation and unemployment.
b. was established by President Roosevelt to manage foreign and domestic intelligence operations.
c. links the president’s key foreign and military policy advisors.
d. is composed of the heads of the three branches of the armed services and makes recommendations to the president on combat strategy.
e. was created by legislation to keep the president informed on foreign affairs.
a. fundraising parties the president hosts to raise money for congressional candidates.
b. a phenomenon resulting when members of Congress vote according to the wishes of the president.
c. a phenomenon resulting when voters who support the president cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president’s party.
d. the tendency for the president’s party to lose congressional seats in midterm elections.
e. the president’s power to appoint members of his own political party to cabinet posts and as personal advisors.
a. the power to appoint top-level administrators.
b. All of the above are true.
c. their unlimited power to offer patronage positions in the bureaucracy.
d. their ability to dismiss or fire most members of the bureaucracy.
e. control of the federal budget.
a. George W. Bush
d. George H.W. Bush
a. provided for the direct election of the president by the people.
b. specifically forced Richard Nixon from office.
c. granted 18-year-olds the right to vote.
d. limited the president to two terms in office.
e. created a means for selecting a new vice president when the office became vacant.
a. legislative veto.
b. pocket veto.
d. overdraft power.
e. power to persuade
a. America’s fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia.
b. America’s inability to keep the peace in Somalia.
c. America’s fighting in Iraq.
d. General MacArthur’s dismissal by Harry Truman.
e. America’s fighting in Korea
a. Council of Economic Advisors.
b. Office of Management and Budget.
c. Legislative Executive Agency.
d. National Security Council.
e. Executive Legislative Agency.
a. oratorical skill.
b. media savvy.
c. to command.
d. All of the above are true.
e. the power to get other people to do things they would not otherwise do.
a. confidence vote.
b. electoral mandate.
e. pocket veto.
a. They coordinated the shirts of the crewmembers.
b. They timed the event so that the sun would cast a favorable light on the president.
c. They placed a “Mission Accomplished” banner over the president’s head.
d. All of the above are true.
e. They positioned the Abraham Lincoln so that the shoreline was not visible.
a. John F. Kennedy was the first “television president.”
b. Presidents are not passive followers of public opinion.
c. In recent years, presidents have averaged more than one public appearance every weekday of the year.
d. Presidents’ appearances are often staged purely to obtain the public’s attention.
e. Dwight Eisenhower was the first president to use presidential speeches to gain policy support.
a. Bill Clinton
b. Jimmy Carter
c. Thomas Jefferson
d. George Washington
e. George W. Bush
a. Gerald Ford
b. Nelson Rockefeller
c. Ronald Reagan
d. Jimmy Carter
e. Lyndon Johnson
a. decreased the role of the national government.
b. championed constraints on the scope of government and limits on domestic policy spending.
c. were ideologically conservative and operationally liberal.
d. blocked congressional-led government growth.
e. increased the role of the national government.
a. The First Lady is in charge of the president’s chief of staff.
b. First Ladies must only advocate one issue at a time.
c. Most First Ladies go on to hold a political office.
d. First Ladies must attend cabinet meetings.
e. It is not an official government position.
a. Ronald Reagan
b. George Washington
c. Bill Clinton
d. Abraham Lincoln
e. George W. Bush
a. that the party of the winning presidential candidate has been gaining an increasing number of seats in Congress.
b. the president’s party usually gains seats in Congress in midterm elections.
c. that many congressional races are determined by presidential coattails.
d. that presidential coattails no longer exist.
e. a diminishing connection between voters’ presidential and congressional voting.