Age of Imperialism

Question Answer
imperialism one country's control of government and economy of another country or region
reasons for imperialism raw materials, new foreign markets for factory-produced goods, demand for foreign crops (sugar, bananas, rice, coffee), nationalism
nationalism extreme form of national pride
India Britain's most valuable colony – "jewel in the crown"
What India supplied Britain tea, coffee, cotton; also, Indians forced to buy British goods (including textiles)
Benefits of British rule in India travel and communication improved (railroads, roads, telegraph and telephone lines), schools and colleges established for Indians
Dutch East Indies group of southeast Asian islands controlled by the Dutch (now the country of Indonesia)
Indochina peninsula in southeast Asia that includes present-day Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia
sphere of influence area where foreign power had control in China; European country could control factories, mines, railways
sepoys Indian soldiers who led a revolt against British rule in India
Boxers group that tried to force foreigners out of China
scramble for Africa rush by European powers to claim colonies in Africa
How imperialism affected Africa people of different groups (could be enemies) forced into same colony; Africans had to grow cash crops for export, forced to work in mines and plantations, taxed heavily

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