adolescent psych chapters 8 and 9

Which of the following statements regarding parents as managers is NOT true?

A. Fathers are more likely than mothers to have a managerial role in parenting.

B. Mothers are more likely than fathers to have a managerial role in parenting.

C. Family management practices are positively related to students’ grades.

D. Family management practices are negatively related to school problems.

A
Supervising adolescents’ friends, activities, and academic efforts is known as

A.structuring. B.monitoring.
C.managing. D. controlling.

B
Which of the following statements regarding adolescents’ disclosure to parents about their activities is TRUE?

A. Disclosure is linked to positive adolescent adjustment.

B. Younger adolescents are more likely than older adolescents to lie to parents if they are concerned about parental disapproval.

C. Older adolescents are more likely than younger adolescents to disclose engagement in risk- taking behavior.

D. Adolescents are more likely to disclose information on matters of privacy than risky actions.

A
Family organization and routine has been shown to be positively related to all of the following factors EXCEPT

A. school achievement.

B. school attendance.

C. school-related problems.

D. paying attention in class

C
Michael’s parents never discuss their rules. If he asks for an explanation, they answer, “Because I said so; that’s all the explanation you need.” Michael’s parents are using which style of parenting?

A. authoritarian

B. authoritative

C. neglectful

D. indulgent

A
Delany’s parents are uninvolved in her life. She comes and goes as she pleases and she has the sense that she doesn’t matter very much to her parents. Delaney’s parents are using which of Diana Baumrind’s styles of parenting?

A. authoritative
B. neglectful
C. incompetent D. authoritarian

B
Which of the following statements about authoritative parents is NOT true?

A. They establish an appropriate balance between control and autonomy.

B. They provide warmth and parental involvement.

C. Their children are less receptive to parental influences than other styles of parenting.

D. They are likely to encourage expression of adolescents’ views.

C
Which of the following statements about parenting is TRUE?

A. Consistent parenting is recommended.

B. Many parents use a combination of techniques.

C. Parents and adolescents socialize each other.

D. All of these are true.

D
Jeremy’s parents have divorced. If Jeremy’s situation is typical of many divorced families, he can expect that

A. his mother will have less money than when she was married.

B. his mother will have more money than when she was married, due to child support and alimony payments.

C. his standard of living will increase slightly.

D. none of these will happen

A
Which of the following statements about custody arrangements in divorced families is NOT true?

A. Children benefit from joint custody.

B. Girls adjust better in mother-custody families.

C. Boys adjust better in mother-custody families.

D. Boys adjust better in father-custody families

C
Sherry and Jason have two children each from previous marriages. When they marry, they create a _______.

A. co-parenting family

B. blended family

C. extended family

D. kin-oriented family

B
Ricardo’s parents use a co-parenting model whereby they show parental solidarity and cooperation. As a result Ricardo is likely to have

A. prosocial behavior.

B. competence in peer relationships.

C. positive attitudes towards males and females.

D. all of these.

D
Which of the following statements about conflict between adolescents and parents is TRUE?

A. Parent-adolescent conflict increases from early adolescence to late adolescence.

B. Recent research shows that Hall’s conception of adolescence as a time of “storm and stress” is probably true.

C. Parent-child conflict is stronger than parent-early adolescent conflict.

D. Conflict between parents and adolescents is highest in early adolescence.

D
Eva, age 15, insists that she is going to spend her summer vacation with her best friend at the lake house owned by the friend’s family. Eva does not want to go on the vacation that her family has planned and says that they can’t make her. Her parents should understand that Eva is

A. asserting her autonomy.

B. challenging her parents’ authority.

C. closer to her friends’ parents than her own parents

D. A or B

D
Which of the following statements regarding autonomy in adolescence is NOT true?

A. Boys are given independence more than girls are.

B. Expectations about the timing of adolescent autonomy vary across cultures.

C. Expectations for early autonomy are prevalent in Latinos.

D. Expectations for early autonomy are prevalent in single parents

C
The transition from high school to college is especially difficult for adolescents who

A. continue to live at home and commute to college.

B. move more than 100 miles away from home to go to college.

C. have parents that are divorced or separated.

D. are only children

C
According to attachment theorists, secure attachment in infancy is linked to adolescents’ development of

A. social competence.
B. trust. C. self-efficacy.
D. human agency.

A
The majority of adults describe their attachment styles as

A. ambivalently attached.

B. insecurely attached

C. securely attached.

D. avoidantly attached.

C
Which of the following statements about the timing for beginning parenthood has been found to be TRUE?

A. Parents who delayed childbearing have less egalitarian relationships with their adolescents than parents who had children earlier in life.

B. Men who delayed having children until their early thirties were less involved in child care than those who became fathers earlier.

C. The number of adolescent pregnancies increased considerably in the 1970s and 1980s.

D. In the last two decades women have had children earlier than they did 50 years ago.

C
Which of the following statements regarding parents as managers is NOT true?

A. Fathers are more likely than mothers to have a managerial role in parenting.

B. Mothers are more likely than fathers to have a managerial role in parenting.

C. Family management practices are positively related to students’ grades.

D. Family management practices are negatively related to school problems

A
Lily calls her son Mark, age 22, at least three times each day. She says she’s just “checking in” to see that he ate lunch and that he’s studying for his exams in graduate school. Lily is engaged in

A. symbiotic neurosis.

B. enmeshed parenting.

C. permaparenting.

D. protective, but not excessive, parenting.

C
Sherry and Jason have two children each from previous marriages. When they marry, they create a

A. co-parenting family.

B. blended family.

C. extended family.

D. kin-oriented family.

B
Before Justin’s father remarried, Justin was responsible for mowing the grass, putting the dishes in the dishwasher, and doing his own laundry. Now that Kim has married into the family, Justin is not sure which of his responsibilities he should continue to do. Justin is experiencing

A. boundary strain.

B. role discontinuity.

C. boundary ambiguity.

D. cognitive dissonance

C
Research shows that which of the following statements about adoptive children and adolescents is TRUE?

A. The earlier adoption occurred, the fewer the problems the adoptees had.

B. Children adopted after seven years of age had the most problems.

C. Being adopted had no impact on the psychological health of the adoptees.

D. Being adopted had no impact on the academic performance of adoptees.

A
Judy Dunn has described three important characteristics of sibling relationships: familiarity and intimacy of the relationship, variation in sibling relationships, and

A. parent favoritism between and among siblings.

B. emotional quality of the relationship.

C. trust level of the relationship.

D. conflict level of the relationship

B
Which of the following statements about later-born children is NOT true?

A. Characterizing later-borns is difficult, because they can occupy many different sibling positions.

B. A boy with an older sister is more likely to develop “feminine” interests than a boy with an older brother.

C. Later-borns usually enjoy poorer peer relations than first-borns.

D. Middle-borns tend to be more diplomatic.

C
Which of the following statements about birth order is TRUE?

A. Birth order is a strong predictor of adolescent behavior.

B. The importance of birth order has been underestimated.

C. Birth order shows a limited capacity to predict adolescent behavior.

D. Birth order has not been adequately studied.

C
Which of the following is NOT a trend in cultural change in families around the world?

A. more families migrating to rural areas

B. greater family mobility

C. smaller families

D. fewer extended families

A
Which of the following statements regarding adolescent-peer and adolescent-parent relationships is NOT true?

A. The worlds of parents and peers are connected in many ways.

B. Adolescents’ relationships with their parents are disconnected from their peer relationships.

C. Parents have some influence over adolescents’ morals and values.

D. Young adolescents talk with their mothers about their peer relationships.

B
Cheri has a secure attachment to her parents. What might this attachment mean to her attachment to her peers?

A. She will very likely be insecurely attached to her peers.

B. She will very likely be securely attached to her peers.

C. The parent-adolescent attachment pattern is not strongly indicative of the adolescent peer relationship.

D. There is no correlation at all between attachment to parents and attachment to peers.

C
Which of the following statements regarding conformity to peer pressure has recent research found to be TRUE?

A. Social identity uncertainly is linked to peer conformity.

B. Social identity uncertainty decreases in times of school transition.

C. Social identity uncertainly decreases in time of family transitions.

D. Peers are most likely to conform to peers whom they perceive to be at the same level of social status.

A
The term researchers use to describe the extent to which children and adolescents are liked or disliked by their peer group is

A. social capital.

B. popularity.

C. social inclusion.

D. sociometric status.

D
The best predictor of whether rejected children engage in delinquent behavior or drop out of school later, during adolescence is

A. low rates of interactions with their peers.

B. aggression towards peers in junior high school.

C. aggression towards peers in elementary school.

D. use of alcohol in ninth grade.

C
Which of the following is NOT one of the basic social needs identified by Harry Stack Sullivan?

A. need for secure attachment

B. need for competitive companionship

C. need for intimacy

D. need for social acceptance

B
Chronic loneliness has been linked to

A. impaired cognition.

B. impaired physical

C. poor grades. health.

D. stealing.

B
Travis, age 16, is friends with a group of young men ages 21 to 23. According to research, Travis is more likely than his counterparts with same-age friends to

A. engage in early sexual behavior.

B. be highly mature.

C. be employed.

D. have older sisters.

A
Planning ahead, generating multiple solutions to hypothetical problems, and evaluating physically aggressive responses negatively are all

A. emotional regulation skills.

B. social cognitive skills.

C. self-efficacy skills.

D. prosocial skills.

B
According to Kenneth Dodge, the first step in processing information about our social world is

A. interpreting social cues.

B. searching for an appropriate response.

C. decoding social cues.

D. selecting an appropriate response.

C
Conglomerate strategies are

A. the use of multiple techniques to improve adolescents’ social skills.

B. also known as brainstorming.

C. the most effective kinds of problem-solving skills.

D. a team approach to teaching social sciences.

A
Which of the following statements about dating is TRUE?

A. It is a relatively recent phenomenon.

B. The primary role of dating in the past was recreation.

C. The primary role of dating today is to secure a mate.

D. Parents have historically avoided any involvement in their children’s dating and mate selection.

A
Which of the following statements about the romantic relationships of sexual minority youth is NOT true?

A. Same-sex relationships are complex.

B. We can generalize from the issues of heterosexual relationships to same-sex relationships.

C. Sexual minority youth rate the breakup of a romance as very stressful.

D. Same-sex romances may be met with parental disapproval.

B
Lydia is a sexually active lesbian adolescent. Which of the following is probably TRUE for Lydia?

A. She has had sex with boys before a same-sex encounter.

B. Her initial same-sex encounter was with a casual acquaintance.

C. She is in love with her current partner.

D. She is open with her parents about her romantic life.

A
Which of the following statements about dating scripts is TRUE?

A. males follow a proactive dating script

B. females follow a reactive dating script

C. first dates tend to be highly scripted

D. all of these

D
Most adolescent love is characterized by

A. affectionate love.

B. romantic love.

C. companionate love.

D. agape.

B
Researchers have found a link between early dating and

A. adolescent pregnancy.

B. suicide.

C. eating disorders.

D. none of these

A
Which of the following findings related to women from divorced families is TRUE?

A. They enter marriage with a lower commitment than women from never-divorced families.

B. They enter marriage with more confidence that their marriages will succeed than women from never divorced families.

C. They are less sensitive to their parents’ divorces than are men from divorced families.

D. They have a more positive view of males than women from never-divorced families.

A
Most boys and girls who date each other

A. come from similar ethnic backgrounds.

B. come from similar socioeconomic backgrounds

C. have similar academic success. .

D. all of these

D
Which of the following statements regarding adolescent crowds is TRUE?

A. Crowds are larger than cliques.

B. Crowds are less personal than cliques.

C. Crowds may or may not spend much time together.

D. All of these are true

D
Which of the following youth programs is dedicated to dropout prevention?

A. 4- H

B. ALANA

C. WAVE

D. Junior Achievement

C
Gini is very active in her local chapter of Young Libertarians. Compared to her counterparts who do not participate in youth groups, Gini is more likely to

A. have higher self-esteem.

B. be more radical.

C. take more history and political science courses in school.

D. take part in political demonstration.

A