John is sales manager for Kleen ‘N Brite Products, Inc. Compared to John’s personal activities, his business activities involve
THE SAME ETHICAL STANDARDS
Lia works for Media Marketing Company. Her job includes putting “spin” on the firm’s successes and failures. In this context, ethics consist of
QUESTIONS OF RIGHTNESS AND WRONGNESS
Superior Corporation engages in ethical behavior solely for the purpose of getting good publicity and thereby increasing profits. Superior is
NOT ACTING UNETHICALLY
Kit follows certain religious principles. With respect to the behavior of Kit and other adherents of her religion, its principles are most likely
Tina, the chief financial officer for USA Products Corporation, attempts to apply Christian precepts in making ethical decisions and in doing business. In applying duty-based ethical standards that are derived from a religious source, Tina would most likely consider the motive behind an act to be
Dion, an accountant for Engineering Associates, Inc., attempts to apply the duty approach to ethical reasoning in conflicts that occur on the job. This approach is based on the idea that a person must
avoid unethical behavior regardless of the consequences.
Rob, the owner of Super Stores, Inc., adheres to the “principle of rights” theory. Under this theory, a key factor in determining whether a busi-ness decision is ethical is how that decision affects
THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS
Global Distribution Corporation suggests that its employees apply the “categorical imperative” to ethical issues that arise at work. This re-quires that the employees
weigh the consequences that would follow if everyone acted the same.
In deciding questions of corporate social responsibility, Mega Deals, Inc., is concerned with
how the corporation can best fulfill its duty to society.
Tom, in making marketing decisions for United Products, Inc., takes a utilitarian perspective. A characteristic statement of this philosophy is
“an action is morally correct when, among the people it affects, it produces the greatest amount of good for the greatest number.”
Holly, a lawyer on the staff of International Group, applies the utilitar-ian theory of ethics in business contexts. Utilitarianism focuses on
the consequences of an action.
In making decisions for United Merchandising Company, Viv uses a cost-benefit analysis. This is part of
Harry, a vice-president of International Pharmaceuticals, Inc., does not apply utilitarianism to business ethical issues. One problem with utili-tarianism is that it
tends to justify human costs that many find unacceptable.
Any decision by the management of Standard Business Corporation may significantly affect its
operators, owners, suppliers, the community, or society as a whole.
Macro Manufacturing, Inc., needs to cut costs by downsizing. In determining which employees to discharge, Macro will most likely weigh
its ethical duty to long-term employees and the legality of discharging older workers only.
Eagle Manufacturing Corporation could demonstrate a commitment to ethical behavior by
complying with the law, establishing ethics codes, and making money.
Steve, the human resources director for Total Personnel Corporation, at-tempts to comply with the law in dealing with applicants and employees. One of the challenges Steve faces is that the legality of an action is
Some consumers misuse the products of Hardware Supplies, Inc., and are injured. In terms of responsibility, Hardware may have
AN ETHICAL DUTY ONLY
Max lies to Nora, his spouse. This is
Equity Capital Corporation provides other firms with funds to expand operations. Questions of what is ethical involve the extent to which Equity has
an ethical duty beyond those duties mandated by law.