8.1 Preliminary core: Resource Management

wellbeing
the degree of satisfaction that an individual or group experiences when needs are met
factors effecting wellbeing
spiritual, physical, emotional, economics, cultural, social
physical wellbeing
persons physical conditions
cultural wellbeing
persons customs, traditions, values and beliefs
spiritual wellbeing
persons morals, conscience and knowledge of what is right and wrong
emotional wellbeing
persons state of mind, emotions or mental
economic wellbeing
persons financial situation
social wellbeing
persons relationship with others
Maslow Hierarchy of Needs
physiological needs, safety and security, love and belonging, self-esteem, self- actualisation
physiological needs
breathing, food, water, shelter, clothing sleep
most essential level of needs
safety and security needs
health, employment, property, family and social stability
love and belonging needs
friendship, family, intimacy, sense of connection
self-esteem needs
confidence, achievement, respect of others
self- actualistion needs
morality, creativity, acceptance, experience, purpose, meaning and inner potential
needs
something you HAVE to have and can’t do without
wants
something you would LIKE to have
satisfaction of needs and wants
goal setting and enhancing wellbeing
goal
the aim or object towards which effort is directed, it represents an achievement or outcome
SMART Principle (Goals)
specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, time-based
resources
are things people use to achieve their goals and a certain quality of life
nature of resources
finite resources, infinite resources, renewable resources and non-renewable resources
finite resources
limited in number, have an end to their supply e.i. oil
infinite resources
unlimited resources, their supply is abundant e.i. oxygen
renewable resources
once used they can be restored or replenished e.i. water
non-renewable resources
once used these resources are no longer available from that source e.i. time in a day, forests
classification of resources
human, non-human, economic, non-economic, formal and informal resources
human resources
generated from within human beings and society
non-human resources
tangible things or objects that exist externally of people
economic resources
have a direct link to finance (wages, income, savings, personal wealth)
non-economic resources
do not have a link to finance (love, friendship, support, care, acceptance)
formal resources
structure, well organised and provide a specific service (government departments, schools, centrelinks)
informal sources
no real structure and is based on the interaction of people (friends, family, community)
interchangeability of resources
the act of exchanging money for goods and services
sustainability
the effective and efficient use of resources to ensure they are available for future use
factors effecting resource management
personal values and past experiences, age, gender, disability, culture/ religion, socioeconomic status
personal management skills
an individuals ability to exercise control over ones attitudes, behaviors and motivation
communication
involves sharing feelings and opinions, expressing ideas, bringing people together and transmitting information.
four main components of communication
sender (source), the receiver (destination), the message (symbols that have shared meaning) and the medium (means by which the message is transmitted)
types of communication
verbal and non-verbal communication
verbal communication
the use of language, either oral or written
non-verbal communication
physical actions and body language, does not contain words. e.g. hand gestures, facial expressions, posture, eye contact etc.
styles of communication
assertive, aggressive and passive communication
assertive communication
it is constructive as it allows ideas, view and feelings to be expressed and treats others with respect and dignity
aggressive communication
people dominate and, in some cases, humiliate others. hostile or defensive in attitude
passive communication
individuals ignore their own rights and allow other peoples ideas and actions to dominate, dissatisfaction with the outcome because personal needs are not met
effective communication
can enhance relationships as it involves the sharing or meaning, develops trust between people and is an important human resource.
barriers to communication
emotions, poor verbal skills, background noise, lack of time, distance from sender, inappropriate methods of comunication
decision making styles
impulsive, intuitive, hesitant, confident, rational
impulsive decision making
rushes into making decisions without giving much thought to each alternative and its possible outcome
intuitive decision making
base their decision on their “gut feeling”
hesitant decision making
delay making decisions, indecisive and procastinate
confident decision making
believe in and trust their ability to make decisions
rational decision making
collect sufficient information and carefully consider the possible outcomes of each alternative
factors influencing decision making
access to resources, past experiences and personal values, attitudes to change, complexity of the problem, socio-cultural factors
interviews
a conversation between two or more people to collect information or opinions
structured interviews
a planned interview with a set of predetermined questions developed by the researcher
unstructured interviews
a more discussion-like interview with the researcher planning areas for discussion without developing actual questions