10.AB/11A – Aviation Physiology and Aeronautical Decision Making/The Flight Planning Process

What is the most effective way to use the eyes during night flight?
Answer: Scan slowly to permit offcenter viewing

Explanation: Rods are not located directly behind the pupil

The best method to use when looking for other traffic at night is to
Answer: look to the side of the object and scan slowly
The most effective method of scanning for other aircraft for collision avoidance during nighttime hours is to use
Answer: peripheral vision by scanning small sectors and utilizing offcenter viewing
During a night flight, you observe a steady red light and a flashing red light ahead and at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?
Answer: The other aircraft is crossing to the left

Explanation: Steady red light – position light on left wing. Flashing red light – anticollision beacon

During a night flight, you observe a steady white light and a flashing red light ahead and at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?
Answer: The other aircraft is flying away from you

Explanation: White light – tail light. Flashing red – anticollision

During a night flight, you observe steady red and green lights ahead and at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?
Answer: The other aircraft is approaching head-on

Explanation: Red – left wing, Green – right wing. No white light (tail) in scenario.

VFR approaches to land at night should be accomplished
Answer: The same as during daytime
Large accumulations of carbon monoxide in the human body result in
Answer: Loss of muscular power
Which statement best defines hypoxia?
Answer: a state of oxygen deficiency in the body
When a stressful situation is encountered in flight, an abnormal increase in the volume of air breathed in and out can cause a condition known as
Answer: hyperventilation
Which would most likely result in hyperventilation?
Answer: Emotional tension, anxiety, or fear
A pilot should be able to overcome the symptoms or avoid future occurrences of hyperventilation by
Answer: slowing the breathing rate, breathing into a bag, or talking aloud
Susceptibility to carbon monoxide poisoning increases as
Answer: Altitude increases

Explanation: CO poisoning is a form of hypoxia – higher altitudes have less oxygen

What preparation should a pilot make to adapt the eyes for night flight?
Answer: Avoid bright white lights at least 30 minutes before the flight
The danger of spatial disorientation during flight in poor visual conditions may be reduced by
Answer: having faith in the instruments rather than taking a chance on the sensory organs
A state of temporary confusion resulting from misleading information being sent to the brain by various sensory organs is defined as
Answer: spatial disorientation
Pilots are most subject to spatial disorientation if
Answer: visual cues are taken away, as they are in instrument meteorological conditions (IMC)
If a pilot experiences spatial disorientation during flight in a restricted visibility condition, the best way to overcome the effect is to
Answer: rely upon the aircraft instrument indications
What is it often called when a pilot pushes his or her capabilities and the aircraft’s limits by trying to maintain visual contact with the terrain in low visibility and ceiling?
Answer: Scud running
What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as “antiauthority”?
Answer: Follow the rules
What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as “Invulnerability”?
Answer: it could happen to me
What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as “Macho”?
Answer: Taking chances is foolish
What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as “Impulsivity”?
Answer: Not so fast, think first
What is the antidote when a pilot has a hazardous attitude, such as “Resignation”?
Answer: I am not helpless
Who is responsible for determining whether a pilot is fit to fly for a particular flight, even though he or she holds a current medical certificate?
Answer: The pilot
What is the one common factor which affects most preventable accidents?
Answer: Human error
What often leads to spatial disorientation or collision with ground/obstacles when flying under Visual Flight Rules (VFR)?
Answer: Continual flight into instrument conditions
What is one of the neglected items when a pilot relies on short and long term memory for repetitive tasks?
Answer: Checklists
Hazardous attitudes occur to every pilot to some degree at some time. What are some of these hazardous attitudes?
Answer: Antiauthority, impulsivity, macho, resignation, and invulnerability
In the aeronautical decision making (ADM) process, what is the first step in neutralizing a hazardous attitude?
Answer: Recognizing hazardous thoughts
Risk management, as part of the aeronautical decision making (ADM) process, relies on which features to reduce the risks associated with each flight?
Answer: Situational awareness, problem recognition, and good judgment
How long does the Airworthiness Certificate of an aircraft remain valid?
Answer: As long as the aircraft is maintained and operated as required by the Federal Aviation Regulations
During the preflight inspection who is responsible for determining the aircraft is safe for flight?
Answer: The pilot in command
How should an aircraft preflight inspection be accomplished for the first flight of the day?
Answer: Thorough and systematic means recommended by the manufacturer
Who is primarily responsible for maintaining an aircraft in airworthy condition?
Answer: Owner or operator